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Zaharia Stancu

Stancu sometime during the Cold War

Zaharia Stancu (Romanian pronunciation: ; October 7, 1902 – December 5, 1974) was a Romanian prose writer, novelist, poet, and philosopher.

Stancu was born in 1902 in Salcia, a village in Teleorman County, Romania. After leaving school at the age of thirteen he worked at various jobs. In 1921, with the help of Gala Galaction, he became a journalist. In 1933 he finished his studies in literature and philosophy at the University of Bucharest.

His first volume of poetry, Poeme simple (Simple Poems), appeared in 1927, receiving the Romanian Writers' Prize. During World War II, he was imprisoned for his opposition to the fascist government of Ion Antonescu (see Romania during World War II), and spent time in the Târgu Jiu internment camp for political prisoners.

In 1946, he became a director of Romania's National Theater. After the Communist regime was established, he was a member of the Romanian Academy and the President of the Writers' Union of Romania (1966–1974). He won the Romanian State Prize

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