World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000090195
Reproduction Date:

Title: Xolotl  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Aztec mythology, Quetzalcoatl, Mictlan, Tlaloc, Coatlicue
Collection: Aztec Gods, Death Gods, Fire Gods, Mythological Dogs, Nahuatl Words and Phrases, Thunder Gods
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Xolotl in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis.

In Aztec mythology, Xolotl () was the god with associations to both lightning and death.


  • Myths and function 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Myths and function


Xolotl was the god of fire and lighting, sickness and deformities. He was the twin of Quetzalcoatl, the pair being sons of the virgin Coatlicue, and was the dark personification of Venus, the evening star. He guarded the sun when it went through the underworld at night. He also assisted Quetzalcoatl in bringing humankind and fire from the underworld. Xolotl aided the dead on their journey to Mictlan, the afterlife in some myths. His two animal forms are the Xoloitzcuintli dog breed and the water salamander species known in Nahuatl as the axolotl.[1]

In the Aztec calendar, the ruler of the day Itzcuintli (dog) is Mictlantecuhtli who is god of death and lord of Mictlan and the afterlife.[2] Mictlantecuhtli is also represented by spiders, owls, and bats.

In art, Xolotl was depicted as a skeleton, a dog-headed man, or a monster animal with reversed feet. He was also the patron of the Mesoamerican ballgame. He is identified with Xocotl as the Aztec god of fire.

Xoloitzcuintle is the official name of the Mexican Hairless Dog (also known as perro pelón mexicano in Mexican Spanish), a canine breed endemic to Mexico dating back to Pre-Columbian times. This is one of many native dog breeds in the Americas and it is often confused with the Peruvian Hairless Dog. The name Xoloitzcuintle references Xolotl because, mythologically, one of this dog's missions was to accompany the dead in their journey into eternity. In spite of this prominent place in the mythology, the meat of the Xoloitzcuintle was very much part of the diet of some ancient peoples of the region.[3]

See also


  1. ^ "The Story of the Fifth Aztec Sun". Mexicolore. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "Mictlantecuhtli". Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Coe, Sophie D. (1994) America's first cuisines ISBN 0-292-71159-X

External links

  • The Gods and Goddesses of the Aztecs
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.