World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Willis C. Hawley

Article Id: WHEBN0000400925
Reproduction Date:

Title: Willis C. Hawley  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act, Willamette University College of Law, United States congressional delegations from Oregon, United States House of Representatives elections, 1928, United States House of Representatives elections, 1926
Collection: 1864 Births, 1941 Deaths, Burials at City View Cemetery, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Oregon, Oregon Lawyers, Oregon Republicans, People from Benton County, Oregon, Presidents of Willamette University, Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Willamette University Alumni, Willamette University College of Law Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Willis C. Hawley

Willis C. Hawley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oregon's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1907-March 3, 1933
Preceded by Binger Hermann
Succeeded by James W. Mott
Personal details
Born Willis Chatman Hawley
(1864-05-05)May 5, 1864
Monroe, Oregon
Died July 24, 1941(1941-07-24) (aged 77)
Salem, Oregon
Political party Republican
Alma mater Willamette University

Willis Chatman Hawley (May 5, 1864 – July 24, 1941) was an American politician and educator in the state of Oregon. A native of the state, he would serve as president of Willamette University in Salem, Oregon, where he earned his undergraduate and law degrees before entering politics. A Republican, he served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Oregon from 1907 to 1933 where he co-sponsored the Smoot–Hawley Tariff in 1930.


  • Early life 1
  • Politics 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Early life

Hawley was born on a farm in the old Belknap settlement near Monroe in Benton County, Oregon, on May 5, 1864.[1] After he attended country schools, he entered college. In 1884, he graduated with a bachelor of science degree from Willamette University in Salem, Oregon.[1] Hawley was the principal of the Umpqua Academy from 1884-86. In 1888, he received a bachelor of arts degree from the school along with a Bachelor of Laws from the law department.[1]

Hawley (left) and Reed Smoot in April 1929, shortly before the Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act passed the House.

Next, he served as president of the Oregon State Normal School at Drain south of Eugene from 1888-1891.[1] During this time he earned a master's degree from Willamette in 1890 and the following year joined the faculty at his alma mater.[1] Hawley became the president of Willamette, serving in that position from 1893 to 1902 while he was professor of history and economics for sixteen years at the school.[2]

Then, he engaged in a variety of business and educational ventures before entering politics.[2] Hawley became a member of the National Forest Reservation Commission and a member of the Special Committee on Rural Credits created by Congress in 1915.[2] Additionally, he served as a member of the Commission for the Celebration of the Two Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of president and general

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Binger Hermann
U.S. Representative of Oregon's 1st Congressional District
Succeeded by
James W. Mott
Academic offices
Preceded by
George Whitaker
President of Willamette University
Succeeded by
John Hamline Coleman

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e Emory R. Johnson (July–December 1902). "Personal Notes". Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (Philadelphia: A.L. Hummel for the American Academy of Political and Social Science) 20: 161. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Hawley, Willis Chatman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 


Hawley was defeated in his bid for his party's nomination in 1932, and left office in March 1933.[2] He returned to Salem where he practiced law.[2] He died on July 24, 1941, at the age of 77 in Salem and was interred at that city's City View Cemetery.[2]

Hawley won Oregon's 1st Congressional District as a Republican in 1906.[2] He was then re-elected every two years to Congress for the next 12 sessions of Congress.[2] Hawley served in Washington, DC from March 4, 1907 until March 3, 1933.[2] While in Congress, he was chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means for the Seventieth and Seventy-first Congresses. Hawley was then a co-sponsor of the Smoot–Hawley Tariff in 1930, which raised import tariffs to record levels.[2]



This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.