World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

United States-Hong Kong Policy Act

Article Id: WHEBN0025249184
Reproduction Date:

Title: United States-Hong Kong Policy Act  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, Timeline of Hong Kong history, Title 22 of the United States Code
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

United States-Hong Kong Policy Act

The United States-Hong Kong Policy Act or more commonly known as the Hong Kong Policy Act (P.L no. 102-383m 106 Stat. 1448) is a 1992 act enacted by the United States Congress. It allows the United States to continue to treat Hong Kong separately from China for matters concerning trade export and economics control after the 1997 handover.[1]

The act

The act states that Hong Kong maintains its own export control system as long as it adopts to international standards. The act also pertains to "sensitive technologies", which require Hong Kong to protect the technologies from improper use.[1] The U.S will fulfill its obligation to Hong Kong under international agreements regardless of whether the People's Republic of China is a participant of the particular agreement until the obligations are modified or terminated.[2] Should Hong Kong become less autonomous, the US president may change the way the laws are applied.[1] The State Department's Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Controls has stated US will not prejudge the situation in advance of monitoring efforts.[1]

Hong Kong as a cooperating country

Due to the act COCOM members designated Hong Kong a "cooperating country" since 1992, until CoCom ceased to function in 1994.[1]

PRC criticism

The PRC was displeased with the act. Beijing made it clear that the act was interpreted as American interference in Chinese domestic affairs.[3] Most notable is Tung Chee-hwa countering the generally negative image of Hong Kong under Communist Party rule. He condemned Democratic Party chairman at the time Martin Lee who supported the act, and said Lee was "bad mouthing" the Special Administrative Region in front of the international audience.[3]

See also


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.