World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Torres, Rio Grande do Sul

Article Id: WHEBN0003365066
Reproduction Date:

Title: Torres, Rio Grande do Sul  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of municipalities in Rio Grande do Sul, Joel Bertoti Padilha, Deodoro da Fonseca, List of dialling codes in Brazil, Canguçu
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Torres, Rio Grande do Sul

Torres
city
Cal Beach
Cal Beach
Official seal of Torres
Seal
Coordinates:
Country Brazil
Region South
State Rio Grande do Sul
Founded March 28, 1878
Government
 • Mayor João Alberto Machado Cardoso
Area
 • Total 264.5 km2 (102.1 sq mi)
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 33,686
 • Density 207.7/km2 (538/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.821 – high[2]

Torres is a city on the coast of south Brazil in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The city has a population of approximately 40,000 inhabitants, of which 10,000 live in rural zones, but in summer the number of inhabitants reaches 300,000.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Sites of interest 3
  • Surfing 4
  • Hot air ballooning 5
  • Gallery 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The municipality's name derives from the three basalt towers standing in the ocean, giving the beach its distinctive appearance. On March 21, 1878, by provincial law, Torres became a municipality. Today, with a population of 33,686 permanent inhabitants, Torres is an important tourist centre, with more than fifty hotels, restaurants and bars. Local cuisine is influenced by international and Mediterranean cuisine, with seafood prevailing.

Geography

Unlike the rest of the state's coast, which is uninterrupted sandy beach, Torres boasts four high rocky formations standing in the sea. These vertical columns are almost 40 meters high and contain several caves created by the action of the waves over the years, locally called furnas. These rocky formations rise up from the sea creating an impressive scenario.

Climate

The climate in Torres is humid subtropical (Cfa). Summers are warm and the hottest month is February, with an average temperature of 23 °C (73.4 °F). Winters are cool and the coldest month is July, with an average temperature of 15 °C (59 °F). The wettest month is March, with 142 mm (5.6 in) of precipitation. The average annual temperature in the city is 19 °C (66.2 °F) and the average annual precipitation is 1,390 mm (54.72 in), with rain regularly falling all year long.[3]

On March 28, 2004, the Cyclone Catarina hit Torres with winds of about 150 km/h causing extensive damage. This was a rare event for the region.

Climate data for Torres, Rio Grande do Sul (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.2
(102.6)
33.3
(91.9)
35.4
(95.7)
32.6
(90.7)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90)
33.4
(92.1)
35.8
(96.4)
28.2
(82.8)
29.2
(84.6)
30.9
(87.6)
36.0
(96.8)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
26.4
(79.5)
25.8
(78.4)
23.7
(74.7)
21.4
(70.5)
19.1
(66.4)
18.7
(65.7)
18.7
(65.7)
19.3
(66.7)
21.1
(70)
23.0
(73.4)
24.6
(76.3)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.8
(73)
23.3
(73.9)
22.4
(72.3)
20.1
(68.2)
17.5
(63.5)
15.1
(59.2)
14.8
(58.6)
15.3
(59.5)
16.3
(61.3)
18.2
(64.8)
19.9
(67.8)
21.7
(71.1)
19.0
(66.2)
Average low °C (°F) 19.8
(67.6)
20.3
(68.5)
19.3
(66.7)
16.4
(61.5)
13.8
(56.8)
11.5
(52.7)
11.3
(52.3)
11.9
(53.4)
13.3
(55.9)
15.1
(59.2)
16.8
(62.2)
18.5
(65.3)
15.7
(60.3)
Record low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
14.9
(58.8)
10.4
(50.7)
7.2
(45)
4.4
(39.9)
2.5
(36.5)
1.9
(35.4)
1.6
(34.9)
3.0
(37.4)
7.0
(44.6)
8.8
(47.8)
10.6
(51.1)
1.6
(34.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106.8
(4.205)
154.8
(6.094)
161.4
(6.354)
84.9
(3.343)
84.8
(3.339)
79.3
(3.122)
106.3
(4.185)
159.1
(6.264)
125.2
(4.929)
118.1
(4.65)
90.9
(3.579)
91.6
(3.606)
1,363.2
(53.669)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10 11 12 8 7 7 8 10 10 9 9 8 109
Average relative humidity (%) 83 84 83 81 82 82 84 83 84 83 81 82 82.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 206.2 182.6 187.9 190.5 179.7 151.9 163.0 157.8 151.2 180.2 203.9 222.2 2,177.1
Source: INMET[4]

Sites of interest

Tourists may visit the Ilha dos Lobos (Island of the Wolves), which is located directly in front of the Praia Grande beach, approximately 1700 meters off shore. Hiking is possible in the nearby mountains of the Serra do Mar.

Itapeva Beach is 6 km away, located beyond Guarita park. It takes its name from Itapeva hill. Itapeva in Tupi–Guarani means "crushed stone". Guarita Beach is located in Guarita Park, surrounded by the towers "Centro" – Centre -, "Sul" – South -, and Guarita after which the park was named.

Furnas Hill is the largest of the towers. It is also called torre do Meio – Middle tower. It lies six hundred meters away from the city lighthouse. Cal beach lies between them. Cal beach is eight hundred meters long; it is one of the preferred places for surfing practice. Its name derives from the ovens located here until 1940 used to heat shells for the lime.

Prainha beach (or do meio beach) is six hundred meters long. It has a rocky soil. Praia Grande beach is 2 km long; it is preferred for sea bathing and sports such as soccer, volleyball, surfing, kitesurfing and several others. Outdoor shows are also organized on Praia Grande beach.

Surfing

Torres has some of the best surf spots in the state. Some of the best Brazilian surfers are from Torres.

Rocky mountains and other geological formations provide natural protection from strong winds and create good shape for the sea bottom, creating ideal surfing conditions.

The best season for surfing is winter (May–September), with waves up to 3 meters high and cold water. During the summer the waves are smaller and the northeast wind usually jeopardizes surfing conditions.

It is possible to practice Tow-in surfing in a point break near Ilha dos Lobos and waves as high as 10 meters have been registered there; however, access is difficult and good conditions are rare.

Hot air ballooning

Currently, Brazil is the Latin American country with the largest number of hot air balloons and hot air balloonists. There are about 45 hot air balloons for 30 registered clubs. These are located in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte. Since 1989, Torres has sponsored an annual hot air balloon festival, and in 1995, during its seventh season, the city gained the title of "Brazilian Capital of Hot Air Ballooning".

Gallery

References

  1. ^ IBGE 2008 statistics
  2. ^ [2] – UNDP
  3. ^ (Portuguese) Torres, Rio Grande do Sul, The Weather Channel (in Portuguese), accessed on September 16, 2009.
  4. ^ "Normais climatológicas do Brasil 1961-1990" (in Portuguese). Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 

External links

  • (Portuguese) Official city site
  • (Portuguese) Official tourism site
  • Satellite photo map from Google Maps

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.