World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000266305
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tishrei  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Yom Kippur, Hebrew calendar, Liturgical year, Shemini Atzeret, Molad
Collection: Months of the Hebrew Calendar, Rosh Hashanah, Tishrei
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


See Tišritum for the Babylonian month.
Elul       Tishrei (תִּשְׁרֵי)       Marcheshvan
Yom Kippur

The second holiest day of the Jewish calendar,
Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, takes place
on the 10th of Tishrei.
Month Number: 7
Number of Days: 30
Season: Autumn
Gregorian Equivalent: September–October

Tishrei or Tishri ( or ; Hebrew: תִּשְׁרֵי or תִּשְׁרִי‎; from Akkadian tašrītu "Beginning", from šurrû "To begin") is the first month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan) in the Hebrew calendar. The name of the month is Babylonian. It is an autumn month of 30 days. Tishrei usually occurs in September–October on the Gregorian calendar.

In the Hebrew Bible, before the Babylonian Exile, the month is called Ethanim (Hebrew: אֵתָנִים‎ - 1 Kings 8:2).

Edwin R. Thiele has concluded, in The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, that the ancient Kingdom of Judah counted years using the civil year starting in Tishrei, while the Kingdom of Israel counted years using the ecclesiastical new year starting in Nisan. Tishrei is the month used for the counting of the epoch year - i.e., the count of the year is incremented on 1 Tishrei.

Holidays in Tishrei

1-2 Tishrei - Rosh Hashanah

3 Tishrei - Tzom Gedaliah – (Fast Day) - On Tishrei 4 when Tishrei 3 is Shabbat

9 Tishrei - Erev Yom Kippur

10 Tishrei - Yom Kippur – (Fast Day)

15–21 Tishrei - Sukkot/Sukkos

21 Tishrei - Hoshanah Rabbah

22 Tishrei (and 23 outside of Israel) - Shemini Atzeret/Atzeres & Simchat Torah/Simchas Torah

Tishrei in Jewish history and tradition

  • 1 Tishrei (circa 3760 BCE) - Adam & Eve were created, according to one opinion in the Talmud.
  • 1 Tishrei (1923) - Daf Yomi study regimen is launched.
  • 2 Tishrei (1659) - HaRav Tuvya and HaRav Yisroel were murdered in a blood libel in Razino.
  • 3 Tishrei (circa 582 BCE) - Assassination of Gedaliah; now a fast day. (According to many opinions, the assassination actually occurred on Rosh Hashanah, but the commemoration of the event is postponed to the day after the festival).
  • 4 Tishrei (1683) - King Louis XIV expelled the Jews from all French territories in America.
  • 5 Tishrei (134) - Rabbi Akiva tortured and executed.
  • 6 Tishrei (1939) - The Wehrmacht murdered 100 Jews in Lukov, Poland, Hy"d.
  • 7 Tishrei (circa 1313 BCE) - Taanit tzaddikim (Orach Chaim 5580:2) commemorating Hashem's decree that the Dor Hamidbar die in the wilderness because of the sin of the Eigel HaZahav / Golden Calf (according to some, (Kol-bo and others), the event took place one day earlier, on 6 Tishrei).
  • 8 Tishrei (circa 826 BCE) - 14-day dedication of Solomon's Temple begins.
  • 9 Tishrei (123) - Death of the Tanna R' Elazar ben Rab' Shimon.
  • 10 Tishrei (Golden Calf.
  • 11 Tishrei - The Baal Shem Tov writes that the day after Yom Kippur is
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.