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Title: Tirumular  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tirumurai, Tirumantiram, Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram, Patanjali, Thayumanavar
Collection: Nayanars, Shaivite Religious Leaders
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Tirumular (also spelt Thirumoolar etc., originally known as Cuntaranātar) was a Tamil Shaivite mystic and writer, considered one of the sixty-three Nayanars and one of the 18 Siddhars. His main work, the Tirumantiram (also sometimes written Tirumanthiram, Tirumandhiram, etc.), which consists of over 3000 verses, forms a part of the key text of the Tamil Shaiva Siddhanta, the Tirumurai.


  • Life 1
  • Chronology 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Tirumular An enlightened yogi Sundaranathar came from Mount Kailash to Southern part of Bharath-continent to see his contemporary mystic,Agasthiyar, who migrated from North to South, Tamilar desam adopted into Tamil culture, embraced Tamil saivite path The Yogi traveled through Nepal Pashupathi Nath, dipped holy bath in Ganges, visited South, Sri Kalahasthi, Srishailam, had Shiva temple darshan and Kaanchi Ekambareswarar, Thiruvadhigai, then to Chidambaram Thillai dancing Hall and entered into River Cavery delta area, had holy dip at river Cauvery, then to Thiruvaduthurai Shiva temple, crossing a village called Sathanur, where he saw a cow herd moaning for their shepherd Mulan who died and his body was among the cows. The Yogi is astonished at cow herd’s moaning and wondered what was this nation where a cow herd showed their pity to their captain shepherd, became melted and prayed Brahmmam to console the cow herd. By his mystic powers, Sundaranathar immediately transmigrated into the dead body and revived Mulan with new waves and aura around him Thus came Tirumular, Mulan transformed Tirumular still existing HIS consciousness in cosmic. courtesy to Tirumular Trust, KPO guidance by sixtyfourtantras.


The dates of Tirumular's life are controversial, and because his work makes reference to so many currents of religious thought, the dates that different scholars assign are often appealed to for anchoring the relative chronology of other religious literature in Tamil and Sanskrit. Verse 74 of the Tirumantiram makes the claim that Tirumular lived for 7 yuga before composing the Tirumantiram.[1]

Some are therefore inclined to place his composition well before the Common Era. The scholar and lexicographer S. Vaiyapuripillai, however, suggested that he probably belonged to the beginning of the eighth-century CE, pointing out that Tirumular could not very well be placed earlier given that he appears to refer to the Tevaram hymns of Sambandar, Appar and Sundarar, that he used "very late words" and that he made mention of the weekdays.[2]

Others wish to push the date still later: Dominic Goodall, for instance, appears to suggest, on the grounds of religious notions that appear in the work with Sanskrit labels for which a certain historical development can be traced in other datable works, that the Tirumantiram cannot be placed before the 11th- or 12th-century CED.[3] Yet another view, alluded to for instance by Vaiyapuripillai (ibid.), is that the text may contain an ancient core, but with "a good number of interpolated stanzas" of later date. Whatever the case, allusions to works and ideas in the Tirumantiram cannot, at least for the moment, be used as useful indicators of their chronology.

See also


  1. ^ Tirumantiram A Tamil scriptural Classic. By Tirumular. Tamil Text with English Translation and Notes, B. Natarajan. Madras, Sri Ramakrishna Math, 1991, p.12.
  2. ^ Vaiyapuripillai's History of Tamil Language and Literature (From the Beginning to 1000 A.D.), Madras, New Century Book House, 1988 (after the first edition of 1956), particularly footnote 1 on p.78.
  3. ^ See pp.xxix-xxx in a Preface (entitled Explanatory remarks about the Śaiva Siddhānta and its treatment in modern secondary literature) to The Parākhyatantra. A Scripture of the Śaiva Siddhānta, Dominic Goodall, Pondicherry, French Institute of Pondicherry and Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient, 2004.

External links

  • Thirumanthiram — Tamil version of Thirumanthiram
  • Thirumanthiram with tamil explanation — Tamil version of Thirumanthiram
  • Tirumantiram — English version of Thirumanthiram
  • [2] - The Tirumandiram in English and Tamil with verse by verse commentary, in 10 volumes, by T.N. Ganapathy et al. Sponsored by Babaji’s Kriya Marshall Govindan
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