Submucosal plexus

Nerve: Meissner's plexus
The plexus of the submucosa from the rabbit. X 50.

Mucosa
Submucosa
Meissner's plexus
Circular muscle
Auerbach's plexus
longitudinal muscle
Serosa or Adventitia
Latin Plexus nervosus submucosus, plexus submucosus,
plexus Meissneri
Gray's subject #248 1177
MeSH Submucous+Plexus

The nerves of the small intestines are derived from the plexuses of parasympathetic nerves around the superior mesenteric artery. From this source, they run to the myenteric plexus (Auerbach's plexus) of nerves and ganglia situated between the circular muscular fibers and the longitudinal muscle fibers of the muscularis externa. From this a secondary plexus, the plexus of the submucosa (Meissner's plexus, submucous plexus, submucosal plexus, plexus submucosus) is derived, and it is formed by branches that have perforated the circular muscular fibers. This plexus lies in the submucous coat of the intestine; it also contains ganglia from which nerve fibers pass to the muscularis mucosae and to the mucous membrane.

The nerve bundles of the submucous plexus are finer than those of the myenteric plexus. Its function is to innervate cells in the epithelial layer and the smooth muscle of the muscularis mucosae.

History

German Georg Meissner was one of the first to further research the nervous system and found Meissners' plexus.

External links

  • Physiology at MCG 6/6ch1/s6ch1_10
  • eMedicine Dictionary
  • Anatomy Atlases - Microscopic Anatomy, plate 10.201

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.


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