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Spiritualism (philosophy)

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Title: Spiritualism (philosophy)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Henri Bergson, Félix Ravaisson-Mollien, Pino Rauti, Materialism, Sanusi Pane
Collection: Dualism, Metaphysical Theories, Metaphysics of Religion, Theories of Mind
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Spiritualism (philosophy)

In philosophy, spiritualism is the notion, shared by a wide variety of systems of thought, that there is an immaterial reality that cannot be perceived by the senses.[1] This includes philosophies that postulate a personal God, the immortality of the soul, or the immortality of the intellect or will, as well as any systems of thought that assume a universal mind or cosmic forces lying beyond the reach of purely materialistic interpretations.[1] Generally, any philosophical position, be it dualism, monism, atheism, theism, pantheism, idealism or any other, is compatible with spiritualism as long as it allows for a reality beyond matter.[1][2] Theism is an example of a dualist spiritualist philosophy, while pantheism is an example of monist spiritualism.[2]

Notable spiritualist thinkers

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Encyclopædia Britannica, "Spiritualism (in philosophy)",
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ Su-Young Park-Hwang (1998), L'habitude dans le spiritualisme français: Maine de Biran, Ravaisson, Bergson, Presses Universitaires du Septentrion.
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