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Southwest Finland

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Title: Southwest Finland  
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Southwest Finland

Southwest Finland
Varsinais-Suomen maakunta
Egentliga Finlands landskap
Region
Coat of arms of Southwest Finland
Coat of arms
Finland Proper on a map of Finland
Finland Proper on a map of Finland
Country Finland
Historical province Finland Proper
Area
 • Total 10,910.05 km2 (4,212.39 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 470,880
 • Density 43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code FI-19
NUTS 183
Regional bird Jackdaw
Regional fish Baltic herring
Regional flower Oak
Website varsinais-suomi.fi

Southwest Finland, also known in English as Finland Proper[1] (Finnish: Varsinais-Suomi, Swedish: Egentliga Finland) is the bilingual region in south-western Finland that borders the regions of Satakunta, Tavastia Proper, Åland and Uusimaa. Its capital and biggest city is Turku with 182,000 inhabitants, which was also the capital of Finland from its establishment around the 13th century until 1812.

The area comprising the southwest is largely the same as the historical province of Finland Proper, so named because it is the original home of the tribe known as the Finns. 5.7% of population of the region speaks Swedish natively.

Contents

  • Origin of the name 1
  • Historical Provinces 2
  • Municipalities 3
    • Towns 3.1
    • Other municipalities 3.2
  • Politics 4
  • Heraldry 5
  • Gallery 6
  • Notes 7
  • External links 8

Origin of the name

The name of Finland Proper has a historial function. In historic times, in the area of the present southern Finland lived three tribes, which were the Finns, the Tavastians and the Karelians. The southwestern part of the country, the province where the Finns lived, was called simply Finland (Finnish: Suomi). In the 17th century the name began to be used to refer to the whole land and a specified name for the lesser Finland was required. The first notes Fennigia specialiter dicta and Fennigia presse dicta were recorded in Latin in the 1650s and the Swedish Finland för sig sielft and Egenteliga Finland later in the 18th century the modern form Egentliga Finland being in official use at the end of the century. The Finnish term Varsinais-Suomi became established only around the 1850s.[2]

Historical Provinces

Municipalities

The region of Varsinais-Suomi is made up of 28 municipalities, of which 11 are towns.

Towns

Finland Proper Sub-regions, towns and municipalities

Other municipalities

Politics

Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2015 in Finland Proper:

Heraldry

The region uses the coat of arms of the historical province of Finland Proper.

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ The regional council of the region uses the name "Southwest Finland". Despite this, the Language Planning Department of Finland recommends the name "Varsinais-Suomi" as suggested in the statement by the Interior Ministry of Finland in 1988. The Institute for Languages of Finland lists the official English name as "Varsinais-Suomi".
  2. ^ Suomalainen paikannimikirja. Jyväskylä: Gummerus. 2007.  
  3. ^ "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.06.2015" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 

External links

Finland Proper travel guide from Wikivoyage

  • Regional Council of Southwest Finland — Official website
  • South Finland EU Office

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