World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Socialist heraldry

Article Id: WHEBN0013203284
Reproduction Date:

Title: Socialist heraldry  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Heraldry, Coat of arms, Coat of arms of Germany
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Socialist heraldry

Socialist heraldry, also called communist heraldry, consists of emblems in a style typically adopted by communist states. Although commonly called coats of arms, most such devices are not actually coats of arms in the traditional heraldic sense. Many communist governments purposely diverged from the traditional forms of European heraldry in order to distance themselves from the monarchies that they usually replaced, with actual coats of arms being seen as symbols of the monarchs.

The Soviet Union was the first state to use socialist heraldry, beginning at its creation in 1922. The style became more widespread after World War II, when many other communist states were established. Even a few non-socialist states have adopted the style, for various reasons – usually because communists had helped them to gain independence. After the fall of the Soviet Union and the other communist states in Eastern Europe in 1989–1991, this style of heraldry was often abandoned for the old heraldic practices, with many (but not all) of the new governments reinstating the traditional heraldry that was previously cast aside.

Origin and history

The Soviet Union, created after the 1917 revolution, required insignia to represent itself in line with other sovereign states, such as emblems, flags and seals, but the Soviet leaders did not wish to continue the old heraldic practices which were associated with the feudalism the revolution sought to replace. In response to the needs and wishes, the national emblem adopted would lack the traditional heraldic elements of a shield, helm, crest and mantling, and instead be presented more plainly. This style was followed then by other socialist and communist which wished to also focus attention on the nation's workers and diverge from feudalism and all of its associations.

Characteristics

Socialist heraldry typically makes use of the following symbols:

Development

USSR

The great seal of the Soviet Union was the first example of socialist heraldry. It was followed in several other communist countries, particularly in Eastern Europe, Africa and Asia, but not in Cuba.

Romania

The Socialist Republic of Romania created a new heraldic tradition which proved to be quite controversial. The State Heraldic committee combined stylised touristic themes, photographic representations of landscapes with old heraldic figures and modern items such as oil rigs into one whole.

Hungary

In 1974, Hungary replaced the coats of arms of 83 cities with Soviet-styled socialist emblems. Lions and eagles were replaced by cheering workers, families with toddlers and proud farmer girls reaching for the sun with their fists. All these themes were crowned by a red star.

Present

With the demise of the USSR and other Communist regimes in Europe, most of their socialist heraldry has been replaced with old pre-communist symbols or by wholly new coats of arms.

The socialist heraldry still goes strong in a number of countries, such as the People's Republic of China. Also the Democratic People's Republic of Korea has a national emblem in pure socialist style, as does Vietnam.

The national emblem of Belarus adopted in 1995 following a controversial referendum, is reminiscent of that of the Byelorussian SSR.

The national emblem of Macedonia is reminiscent of that of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia (once a constituent socialist republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia).

In Africa there are the emblems of Angola and Mozambique, as well as Algeria.

The Republic of Serbia used the coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of Serbia[1] until the recommended symbols by the National Assembly on August 17, 2004. The recommended usage was made Law on May 11, 2009 thus officially replacing the socialist heraldic Coat of arms.[2]

Galleries

Bellow are two galleries of historical and current national emblems. The years given are for the emblems, not for the countries, except for the component republics of the USSR.

Historical emblems

Soviet Republics

Africa

Asia

Europe

Republics of Yugoslavia

Other

Current emblems

References

  • Stephen Slater, "The complete book of Heraldry" London 2002

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.