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Title: Sippe  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Feudalism in the Holy Roman Empire, Sib (anthropology), Germanic law, Sibbe, Grinzing
Collection: Ancient Germanic Families, Clans by Nation, Germanic Law
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Sippe is German for "clan, kindred, extended family". It continues a Proto-Germanic term *sibbja, which referred to a band or confederation bound by a treaty or oath, not primarily restricted to blood relations.[1] The original character of sibb as a peace treaty is visible in Old English, e.g. in Beowulf (v. 1858):[1]

hafast þû gefêred, þæt þâm folcum sceal,
Geáta leódum ond Gâr-Denum
sib gemæne ond sacu restan.

The Sippe came to be a cognatic,[2] extended family unit, exactly analogous to the Scottish/Irish sept.[3]

Most of the information left about the nature and role of the Sippe is found in records left by the Lombards, Alamanni, and Bavarians.[4] One of the functions of the Sippe was regulating use of forests. The average Sippe likely contained no more than 50 families.[5] The Sippe seems to have been absorbed into the monogamous family later on; P.D. King asserts that this was already the case among the Visigoths during the time of the Visigothic Kingdom.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b Grimm: pax, foedus, affinitas, propinquitas
  2. ^ David Herlihy, Medieval Households (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985), 47
  3. ^ Herlihy, 32, 44, 51
  4. ^ Herlihy, 45.
  5. ^ Herlihy, 47.
  6. ^ P.D. King, Law and Society in the Visigothic Kingdom, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 3rd ser. 5 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972), 233.
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