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Separatist movements of Pakistan

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Title: Separatist movements of Pakistan  
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Subject: Separatism, Zogam, Baluch Liberation Front, South Asia, Baloch National Movement
Collection: History of Pakistan, Politics of Pakistan, Separatism, South Asia
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Separatist movements of Pakistan

There are various separatist movements of Pakistan. Several parties based on ethnic lines exist though only a few including Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz (JSQM), Jeay Sindh Mutahda Mahaz (JSMM) and Balochistan Liberation Front (BLF) are of much significance.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Balawaristan 2
  • Waziristan 3
  • Sindhu Desh 4
  • Balochistan 5
  • Pashtun separatists 6
  • Other parties, tribes and states 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Map of Pakistan.

Pakistan was established in 1947 as a state for Muslims . The driving force behind the movement for Pakistan was the educated Muslim in the Muslim minority states of United Province and Bombay Presidency and the Muslim Majority areas. Its formation was based on the basis of Islamic nationalism. However, rampant corruption within the ranks of the government and bureaucracy, economic inequality between the country's two wings caused mainly by a lack of representative government and the government's indifference to the efforts of fierce ethno-nationalistic politicians like Mujeeb-ur-Rehman from East Pakistan, resulted in civil war in Pakistan and subsequent separation of East Pakistan as the new state of the People's Republic of Bangladesh..

Balawaristan

The name Balawaristan is used mainly by nationalists of the Gilgit, such as the Balawaristan National Front, who are seeking to define a separate identity for Gilgit, Baltistan and Ladakh regions from that of the Kashmir Valley and Jammu; Not recognised by either the Government of India, Pakistan and China.The strength of the group varies between 50 - 100 people.

Waziristan

Waziristan comprises the area west and southwest of Peshawar between the Tochi River to the north and the Gomal River to the south. The North-West Frontier Province lies immediately to the east. The region was an independent tribal territory until 1893, remaining outside British-ruled empire. Tribal raiding into British-ruled territory was a constant problem for the British,[1] eliciting frequent punitive expeditions between 1860 and 1945. The region became part of Pakistan in 1947.

In the rugged and remote region of Waziristan on British India's northwest border with Afghanistan, mountain tribes of Muslim fighters gave the British Army a difficult time for decades. The Northwest Frontier is now part of Pakistan, which is fighting its own war against Waziri tribesmen in the early 21st century. The Waziristan Revolt of 1919–1920 was sparked by the Afghan invasion of British India in 1919. Though the British quickly defeated the Afghans, the Waziri tribesmen gave the colonial forces a very difficult fight. Many of the Waziri men were veterans of the British-led and controlled Indian Army (India and Pakistan were combined at this time as part of the British Empire), and used modern military tactics and modern Lee–Enfield rifles against the British and Indian forces sent into Waziristan. One aspect of this conflict is the effective use of air power against the Waziri fighters. This is similar to Royal Air Force tactics in suppressing the Arab Revolt in Iraq in 1920 and 1921.

On June 4, 2007, the National Security Council of Pakistan met to decide the fate of Waziristan and take up a number of political and administrative issues in order to control the "Talibanization" of the area. The meeting was chaired by President Pervez Musharraf and attended by the Chief Ministers and Governors of all 4 provinces. They discussed the deteriorating law and order situation and the threat posed to state security.

The government decided to take a number of actions to stop the "Talibanization" and to crush the armed militancy in the Tribal regions and the North-West Frontier Province.

Sindhu Desh

Influenced by the separation of the province of G. M. Syed), a Sindhi separatist leader, wanted Sindh to become an independent Sindhudesh like the then newly formed Bangladesh. However, support for separatism amongst common Sindhi folk is lukewarm as shown by their voting preferences; of eight pro-separation parties, no party has been voted into power in Sindh to this day. Most of these parties do not believe in parliamentary politics and do not participate in elections. The Jeay Sindh movement had abated by the mid-1970s but revives from time to time.

Sindhudesh flag
.

Balochistan

The Baloch Liberation Front (BLF) separatist group was founded by terrorist organization by the Pakistani government..

Pashtun separatists

Another movement based amongst Afghan Pashtuns is abolishing the Durand Line, which proponents of this idea believe to be illegal, and returning what is now Pakhtunkhwa to Afghanistan which would mean creating a "Greater Afghanistan" resembling Afghanistan before the Durand agreement.[2] Afghanistan still has not recognized the Durand line which remains a very controversial issue between the two countries.[3]

Pashtunistan is a proposed state for ethnic Pashtuns seeking to separate Pashtuns from Pakistan and Afghanistan.[4]

Other parties, tribes and states

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ http://www.afghanland.com/history/durrand.html
  3. ^ http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/cp72_grare_final.pdf
  4. ^

External links

  • http://www.sindhudesh.com/sindhudesh
  • Web site of Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz
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