World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Senate of Iran

Article Id: WHEBN0005542443
Reproduction Date:

Title: Senate of Iran  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Islamic Consultative Assembly, Ebrahim Hakimi, Iran Constituent Assembly, 1949, Hassan Taqizadeh, Ali Dashti
Collection: 1949 in Iran, Buildings and Structures in Tehran, Government of Iran
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Senate of Iran

Senate House of Iran
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Ebrahim Hakimi (1951-1957)
Hasan Taqizadeh (1957-1960)
Mohsen Sadr (1960-1964)
Jafar Sharif-Emami (1964-1978)
Mohammad Sajadi (1978-1979)
Seats 100
Meeting place
Senate, Tehran, Iran

The Senate of Iran (Persian: Kakh-e Majles-e Sena, کاخ مجلس سنا) was the upper house legislative chamber in Iran from 1949 to 1979. A bicameral legislature had been established in the 1906 Persian Constitutional Revolution but the Senate was not actually formed until after the Iran Constituent Assembly, 1949, as an expression of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's desire for more political power. The Senate was filled mainly with men who were supportive of the Shah's aims, as intended by Pahlavi.

The Senate was disbanded after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, when the new constitution established a unicameral legislature. As of 2015 the former Senate building was used by the Assembly of Experts.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Constitution 1.1
    • The Building 1.2
    • Members 1.3
    • List of Speakers 1.4
    • Dissolution 1.5
  • Major events 2
  • Bibliography 3
  • See also 4
  • References and notes 5

History

Constitution

Established as per Chapter 3, Article 45 of the Persian Constitution of 1906,

The Building

The Senate House of Iran was designed by architect Heydar Ghiaï in 1955.[1] The construction was led by Rahmat Safai, the dome being one of the most technically challenging projects in the entire endeavor.

The building is depicted on the reverse of the Iranian 100 rials banknote.[2]

Members

Jafar Sharif-Emami, as President of the Senate until 1978
  • Mahmoud Hessaby (1951–1963).
  • Ali Dashti for 1954-1979.[3]
  • Jafar Sharif-Emami, Prime Minister of Iran (1960-1961 & 1978), was a member of the Iranian Senate.[4][5] He was its President[6] for a number of years.
  • Jamshid Aalam (1973–1979)

List of Speakers

Name Entered office Left office Party
Senate House
1 Ebrahim Hakimi 19 August 1951 1 March 1957 Party for Progress
2 Hasan Taqizadeh 1 March 1957 1 September 1960 Liberal Party
3 Mohsen Sadr 11 September 1960 11 September 1964 Socialist Party
4 Jafar Sharif-Emami 11 September 1964 24 March 1978 Rastakhiz
5 Mohammad Sajadi 24 March 1978 10 February 1979 National Front

Dissolution

Following the Iranian revolution in 1979, the government became unicameral, the senate was dissolved and the new Majlis convened in the senate building.

Major events

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Royal Family at Persian (Iranian) Senate, Tehran, 1975
  • 1950 (February 9), first inaugural session presided over by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • 1952, plebiscite in 1953, won the votes, and dissolved both the Majlis and Senate.[7] Upon Mossadeq's ouster, the legislative bodies were revived.
  • 1961, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi dissolved both the Majlis and Senate;[8] some time later they were restored.

Bibliography

  • M. Ghiai, Iran Senate House, Max Gerard Edt.Draeger Paris, 1976 ISBN 2-85119-008-3

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Max Gérard, Iran Senate House Heydar Ghiaï, Editions Draeger, 1976
  2. ^ Central Bank of Iran. Banknotes & Coins: 100 Rials. – Retrieved on 24 March 2009.
  3. ^ Muslims (Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices), page 213, ISBN 978-0-415-34882-9
  4. ^ Iranian.com | Archive Pages
  5. ^ [2]Memoirs of Sharif-Emami, Prime Minister Persian Language ISBN 0-932885-22-5
  6. ^ IRANIAN ORAL HISTORY PROJECT HARVARD UNIVERSITY
  7. ^ Historical Setting: MOSSADEQ AND OIL NATIONALIZATION
  8. ^ Confidential, U.S. State Department, Central Files IRAN, 1960-January 1963, Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs
  9. ^ "Iranian senate's approval of Shahpour Bakhtiar's government noted" ABC Evening News for Monday, Jan 15, 1979

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.