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Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

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Title: Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Capital punishment in Serbia, Capital punishment in Turkmenistan, New Zealand contributions to human rights instruments, Human rights in East Timor, Human rights in Liechtenstein
Collection: 1989 in New York, Death Penalty Law, Human Rights Instruments, Treaties Adopted by United Nations General Assembly Resolutions, Treaties Concluded in 1989, Treaties Entered Into Force in 1991, Treaties Extended to Aruba, Treaties Extended to Greenland, Treaties Extended to the Faroe Islands, Treaties Extended to the Netherlands Antilles, Treaties of Albania, Treaties of Andorra, Treaties of Argentina, Treaties of Australia, Treaties of Austria, Treaties of Azerbaijan, Treaties of Belgium, Treaties of Benin, Treaties of Bolivia, Treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Treaties of Brazil, Treaties of Bulgaria, Treaties of Canada, Treaties of Cape Verde, Treaties of Chile, Treaties of Colombia, Treaties of Costa Rica, Treaties of Croatia, Treaties of Cyprus, Treaties of Denmark, Treaties of Djibouti, Treaties of East Germany, Treaties of East Timor, Treaties of Ecuador, Treaties of El Salvador, Treaties of Estonia, Treaties of Finland, Treaties of France, Treaties of Gabon, Treaties of Georgia (Country), Treaties of Greece, Treaties of Guinea-Bissau, Treaties of Honduras, Treaties of Hungary, Treaties of Iceland, Treaties of Ireland, Treaties of Italy, Treaties of Kyrgyzstan, Treaties of Latvia, Treaties of Liberia, Treaties of Liechtenstein, Treaties of Lithuania, Treaties of Luxembourg, Treaties of Malta, Treaties of Mexico, Treaties of Moldova, Treaties of Monaco, Treaties of Mongolia, Treaties of Montenegro, Treaties of Mozambique, Treaties of Namibia, Treaties of Nepal, Treaties of New Zealand, Treaties of Nicaragua, Treaties of Norway, Treaties of Panama, Treaties of Paraguay, Treaties of Poland, Treaties of Portugal, Treaties of Romania, Treaties of Rwanda, Treaties of San Marino, Treaties of Serbia and Montenegro, Treaties of Seychelles, Treaties of Slovakia, Treaties of Slovenia, Treaties of South Africa, Treaties of Spain, Treaties of Sweden, Treaties of Switzerland, Treaties of the Czech Republic, Treaties of the Netherlands, Treaties of the Philippines, Treaties of the Republic of MacEdonia, Treaties of the United Kingdom, Treaties of Turkey, Treaties of Turkmenistan, Treaties of Ukraine, Treaties of Uruguay, Treaties of Uzbekistan, Treaties of Venezuela, Treaties of West Germany, United Nations Treaties
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Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

The Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty is a side agreement to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It was created on 15 December 1989 and entered into force on 11 July 1991. As of April 2014, the Optional Protocol has 81 states parties. In addition, three states (Angola, Madagascar, and São Tomé and Príncipe) have signed, but not yet ratified the Protocol.[1]

The Optional Protocol commits its members to the abolition of the death penalty within their borders, though Article 2.1 allows parties to make a reservation allowing execution "in time of war pursuant to a conviction for a most serious crime of a military nature committed during wartime".[2] (Brazil, Chile, El Salvador). Cyprus, Malta and Spain initially made such reservations, and subsequently withdrew them. Azerbaijan and Greece still retain this reservation on their implementation of the protocol, despite both having banned the death penalty in all circumstances. (Greece has also ratified Protocol no.13).

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^

External links

  • Text of the Protocol
  • List of parties
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