World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Sanshokaku, the visitors' center
Denomination Sōtō Zen Buddhism
Founded 740, rebuilt 1911
Founder(s) Keizan
Address 1-1, Tsurumi 2-chome, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
Country Japan

Sōji-ji (總持寺) is one of two daihonzan (大本山, "head temples") of the Sōtō school of Zen Buddhism.[1] The other is Eihei-ji temple in Fukui Prefecture. Fodor's calls it "one of the largest and busiest Buddhist institutions in Japan".[2] The temple was founded in 740 as a Shingon Buddhist temple. Keizan, later known as Sōtō's great patriarch Taiso Jōsai Daishi, founded the present temple in 1321,[3] when he renamed it Sōji-ji with the help and patronage of Emperor Go-Daigo.[4][5] The temple has about twelve buildings in Tsurumi, part of the port city of Yokohama, one designed by the architect Itō Chūta.


  • History 1
  • Routine 2
  • Abbot 3
  • Temple compound 4
  • School 5
    • Affiliates 5.1
  • Branches 6
    • In the U.S.A 6.1
  • See also 7
  • Gallery 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Keizan, the temple's founder

Giving it the name Morooka-dera (諸岳寺) circa 740, Gyōki (668-749) founded the temple as a Shingon Buddhist temple in Noto, a peninsula on Honshu, Japan's largest island. At that time, the temple was a small chapel within the precincts of a larger Shinto shrine called Morooka Hiko Jinja. By 1296, the temple had grown enough to support a full-time priest and a master ajari named Jōken was assigned there.[6]

The Shrine was relocated 1321 to a new estate and Jōken went with it. Jōken entrusted the former temple to Keizan,[6] who then changed the temple from Shingon to a Sōtō temple named Shogakuzan Sōji-ji[4] (ji means Buddhist temple in Japanese).[7] The first official abbot, Gasan, was installed months later. However, the original Buddhist deity enshrined, Kannon Bodhisattva, was still enshrined in the temple, and for a time esoteric rituals were still carried out for the temple's patrons.[6] Because Keizan had originally previously founded another temple, Yōkōji, a complicated rivalry existed between the two temples, leading to open conflict during the Tokugawa Period, with Sojiji gradually replacing Yōkōji as the head temple of Keizan and the lineage of Gikai.[8] This ascension of Sojiji happened in part due to its efforts to send monks out into the countryside, and over generations these monks would often convert small, village chapels (nominally Tendai or Shingon) into full-time temples, which in turn helped Sojiji's network grow.[8]

The temple was totally destroyed by fire in 1898. It was rebuilt over a period of several years and, in order to bring more Sōtō Zen to eastern Japan, reopened in 1911 in its present location at Tsurumi, Yokohama. Sojiji-soin (the "father" temple)[9] was built on the original Noto site for monks in training. It sustained considerable damage in the 2007 Noto earthquake.[10]


Monk in the corridor which is polished like glass twice a day

According to a mid-20th century description, the monks' day begins at 3 a.m. in summer and one hour later in winter. First they practice zazen for two hours, then attend a service and sutra reading for 75 minutes. They later eat breakfast (rice gruel, tea and pickles). Then for 90 minutes they clean the buildings and the grounds. At 8 a.m. they study Chinese poetry and the writings of Zenjis like Dōgen and Keizan. At 11 a.m. they go to the Butsuden where they perform services or read sūtras for visitors. They eat rice and vegetables for lunch and then from 1 to 3 p.m. they return to perform services for visitors. They eat rice gruel for dinner at 5 p.m. From 6 to 8 p.m. the head monk teaches them sutra reading, from 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. they return to practice zazen, and then go to sleep at 9 p.m.[11]



  • Sojiji web site
  • Films about Sojiji
  • Film 'Life of Zen', depicting life at Eiheiji and Sojiji

External links

  1. ^ "Touring Venerable Temples of Soto Zen Buddhism in Japan Plan". SotoZen-Net. Retrieved March 16, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Soji-ji". Random House. Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Head Temples". Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Sojiji". A Guide to Kamakura. Asahi net. March 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2012. 
  5. ^ Heine, Steven (2008). Zen skin, Zen marrow: will the real Zen Buddhism please stand up?. Oxford University Press. p. 88.  
  6. ^ a b c Bodiford, William M. (2008). Soto Zen in Medieval Japan (Studies in East Asian Buddhism). University of Hawaii Press. pp. 97–99.  
  7. ^ "Kanji for JI". Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Bodiford, William M. (2008). Soto Zen in Medieval Japan (Studies in East Asian Buddhism). University of Hawaii Press. pp. 108–112, 122.  
  9. ^ "Daihonzan Sojiji Soin Temple". Noto Style. Retrieved March 16, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Sojiji Temple". Japan Guide. Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  11. ^ "A Soto-Shu Monk" (PDF). Zen Notes (First Zen Institute of America) 1 (4). April 1954. Retrieved March 16, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Sotoshu Shumucho (planner and producer), Kindai Eiga Kyokai (production). Life of Zen. Event occurs at Sojiji 5:00, 6:45, 8:28, 9:45. Retrieved March 15, 2012. 



See also

In the U.S.A




The Koshakudai holds the monks' living quarters.[4]

Blue skies, pointed roof on a building in front
The Koshakudai building contains the kitchen.

Among outreach activities, the Sōji Gakuen Academy is a school system where the students study the Buddha's teaching. The academy has a kindergarten, middle school, high school, and university. Sōji also has child care and a hospital.[12]

The core of the temple consists of seven structures forming the so-called Shichidō garan. The sanmon gate, built in 1969, is, according to the temple's pamphlet the largest such structure in Japan. Itō Chūta (1867–1954) designed the Daiso-dō or Hattō, which honors Keizan and other founders, and the Senbutsujo, the hall used as the monks' main training center and to ordain monks. The Sanshōkaku, constructed in 1990 and equipped with computers and other modern amenities, is a visitors' center for practice and workshops for lay persons aimed at fulfilling Keizan Zenji's vow to help all sentient beings. The Butsuden (Buddha Hall) enshrines a statue of Gautama Buddha (Shaka Nyorai). The Shōkurō contains the bonshō bell, the drum, the cloud gong or umpan, and the wooden drum (moppan), used to signal the monks' daily routine. The Hōkō-dō is used for memorial rites to ancestors of lay persons, for whom the monks perform services.[12]

Elaborately decorated room, symmetrical, with a gold colored statue on an altar

Temple compound


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.