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Rutul people


Rutul people

Мыхабыр, Mykhabyr
Total population
97 500
Regions with significant populations
 Dagestan ( Russia) 35,240 (2010)[1]
 Azerbaijan 17 000 (~2000)[2]
 Ukraine 137 (2001)[3]
 Georgia 103 (1989)[4]
Sunni Islam

Rutuls (Mykhabyr in Rutul, рутульцы in Russian) are an ethnic group in Dagestan (Russia) and some parts of Azerbaijan. According to the 2010 Russian Census, there were 35,240 Rutuls in Russia.[1] In 1989 Soviet Census in Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan SSR then) there were 336 Rutuls.[5] The Rutul language is a member of the Northeast Caucasian language family; its speakers often have a good command of Azeri and Russian, as Rutul was not a written language until 1990. The Rutul culture is close to that of the Tsakhur and other peoples who inhabit the basin of the upper reaches of the Samur River. Most of the Rutuls are engaged in cattle breeding (mostly sheep husbandry), farming, and gardening.


  • Religion 1
  • Famous people 2
    • Science 2.1
    • Other scientists 2.2
    • Sports 2.3
    • Rutuls in Turkey 2.4
    • Rutuls in Syria 2.5
    • Culture and art 2.6
    • Others famous rutuls 2.7
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5


The Rutuls adhere to Sunni Islam. The earliest attempts of Arabs to affirm as Dagestan concern the 7th century, and in Rutul's territory they made the greatest success. The earliest monument of Muslim culture testifies to it on caucasus - a tombstone of Sheikh Magomeda-ibn-Asada-ibn-Mugal, buried in Khnov in 675 d.C. About early Islamisation of Rutuls the earliest testify also in mountains of Dagestan monuments building epygraphic, found in some Rutul villages. It is a stone in a wall of a building of a mosque of settlement village Luchek on which the chronograph text in the Arabian language is cut, Islam carrying the statement here to 128 of Hijra, that is 745-746. Other stone with the chronograph text has remained in a settlement Ihrek mosque of Ihrek, in it is spoken «about restoration of the destroyed mosque in 407 of Hijra»

Famous people

  • Gasret Aliev - the Hero of Soviet Union, the 1st secretary of the CPSU in Rutul 1957–1961, the resident of the village Hin, the participant of the World War II.


  • Saeed Efendi I (v. Shinaz, 13th century, dynasty of Saeedar) - the medieval philosopher, rhetoric, the physicist, the astronomer, the poet. It had been opened in village Shinaz medieval university, an observatory and library. Last scientist from this dynasty Ismail Efendi have buried in 1929.
  • Verdiev Mikail Gadjimagomedovich - Heads physics chair at the Dagestan State technical university (since July, 2004), the senior lecturer of engineering science, the professor, the full member of the International academy the Colds (M.O.V.E.), the Deserved inventor of the Russian Federation and Republic of Dagestan.
  • Musaev Gamzat Magomedsaidovich - the senior lecturer of chair of history of Dagestan State University.

Other scientists


Rutuls in Turkey

  • İbrahim Şinasi I (19th century) - the large military leader of Turkey. Was lost under Shumla.
  • İbrahim Şinasi (junior) - after study in France began to let out the most popular newspaper in Turkey «Gyasfiru efkyar» («the Image of thoughts»). Şinasi has taken a great interest in reform of Turkish language, creation of the present Turkish literature and achieved, that books wrote not for the elite, and for the people. Besides, Şinasi with Namik Kemal was engaged in reform of a state system of Turkey and became the founder of tanzimat, continued by Atatürk in 1918-1919.

Rutuls in Syria

Culture and art

  • Kur Radjab Ihrekdy – the classic of rutul poetry which verses sing till now poets of Dagestan and Azerbaijan. His used huge popularity in second half XVIII – the beginning of 19th centuries in Dagestan and Azerbaijan.
  • Hazarchi – a national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Gadzhiev – a national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Jamiseb Sallarov – a national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Samed – a national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Nurahmed Ramazanov – a national poet (first half of the 20th century)
  • Garay Fazli – a poet.
  • Ismail Dagestanly – an honoured artist of the USSR, the winner of the Lenin award
  • Yosoof Ihrekdy – a writer and poet. Creativity — 1960–1990
  • Shafi Amsarsdy – a poet and composer. Creativity – 1960–1990
  • Kavha (Abdulmanaf) Vurushdy – a poet, writer, and composer. Creativity – 1960–1990
  • Sakit Hinavi – a poet, writer, and composer, «the Nightingale of Dagestan and Azerbaijan»

Others famous rutuls

  • K.Magomedov - a member of the Russian academy of public service at the president of the Russian Federation
  • G.Gadzhimuradov - the deputy minister of trade of Degestan Republic (Russia)
  • I.Ibragimov - the head of department at Government of Degestan Republic (Russia)
  • D.Tairov - the chief of department Minnatsinformvneshsvjazi of Degestan Republic (Russia)
  • T.Ashurbekov - the head of department of republican Office of Public Prosecutor
  • M.Babayev - the colonel, chief of Department Makhachkala-customs
  • I.Garunov - a member of Supreme Court of Degestan Republic (Russia)
  • N.Magomedov - the head of joint-stock company "Arsi".
  • R.Aliev - the deputy director of joint-stock company "Yugstalkonstructsia"
  • M.Mamadaev - the colonel
  • J.Magomedov - the judge of the Kirov (Dagestan, Russia) regional court

See also


  1. ^ a b Официальный сайт Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года. Информационные материалы об окончательных итогах Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года All Russian census, 2010
  2. ^ Rutuls in Azerbayjan
  3. ^ &n_page=4 State statistics committee of Ukraine - National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
  4. ^ Перепись в Грузии 1989 года - Census in Georgia, 1989
  5. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР

External links

  • Folk Songs and Dances of the Rutuls of Azerbaijan
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