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Reyfad

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Reyfad

Reyfad (from Irish Rath Fada, meaning "long fort") is a townland in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It lies in the land division of Old Barr, in the civil parish of Boho.[1] The townland has also been known as Rayfadd - 1659; Raffada (Magheryboy)- 1672c ; Ráith Fada "long fort" - 1833. This high plateau is known for its extensive cave system (see Caves of the Tullybrack and Belmore hills) and Neolithic stones.[2]

The summit of a nearby hill is known as Tullybrack or Reyfad Mountain (398 metres (1,306 ft)) but it is in fact situated in the townland of Aghamore, County Fermanagh, also within the Boho area.[3]

History

Nearby to Tullybrack summit lies Two Dogs (derived from the Irish: Sliabh Dá Chon meaning "the hill of the two hounds"),[4] which was the site of an ancient clan battle, as recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters:

A great number of the men of Breifny[note 1] were disabled and slain by Muinter-Feodachain, on the hill of Odhra, in Sliabh-da-Chon. They lost no less than forty men, together with Conor, the son of Donnell Mac Sweeny, who had gone on that incursion through folly and youth. Some of the men of Dartry, and others of the people of the Clann-Hugh Maguire, were slain there.[5]

Reyfad Stones

The Reyfad Stones are located behind the Sacred Heart Church in Boho (OS Ref (GB): H112462 / Sheet: 17). These are designated as a scheduled monument (SM 210:13) by the Environment and Heritage service at the Department of the Environment. There are six stones on the side of a hill, five of which have curvilinear cup and ring markings which date from the Neolithic to the Iron Age, about 5000 years ago.[6][7] The largest stone measures over 3 by 2 metres (10 ft × 7 ft) and has megalithic inscriptions all across its surface; this pattern is inscribed deeper on the smaller stones.[8] Similar megalithic art found at Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth is dated circa 3200 BC.[9]

Notes

  1. ^ See Breifne.

References

  1. ^ Boho Heritage Organisation (2009). Edel Bannon, Louise Mclaughlin, Cecilia Flanagan, ed. Boho Heritage: A treasure trove of history and lore. Nicholson & Bass Ltd, Mallusk, Northern Ireland. p. 246.  
  2. ^ Andrew Halpin, Conor Newman (2006). Ireland: an Oxford archaeological guide to sites from earliest times to AD 1600. Oxford University Press. p. 8.  
  3. ^ "Mountain views". 
  4. ^ RootsWeb - O'Donovan
  5. ^   CELT editions. Full scans at Internet Archive: Vol. 1; Vol. 2; Vol. 3; Vol. 4; Vol. 5; Vol. 6; Indices.
  6. ^ Andrew Halpin, Conor Newman (2006). Ireland: an Oxford archaeological guide to sites from earliest times to AD 1600. Oxford University Press. p. 8.  
  7. ^ "The Irish Quaternary Studies Online Project". IRQUAS. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  8. ^ "Boho Heritage Sites". Discover Briefne. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  9. ^ "Newgrange". 

External links

  • The Megalithic Portal
  • The Modern Antiquarian
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