World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Respect Party

Respect Party
Leader [1]
Chairman Abjol Miah
Deputy Leader Dawud Islam[2]
Founded 25 January 2004 (2004-01-25)
Youth wing Student RESPECT
Ideology Democratic socialism
Trade unionism
Political position Left-wing[3][4][5]
European affiliation European Anticapitalist Left
Colours Red and green
House of Commons
0 / 650
Local government[6]
5 / 21,871
Politics of the United Kingdom
Political parties

The Respect Party is a left-wing political party in the United Kingdom founded in 2004. A socialist party,[3][4] its name is a contrived acronym standing for Respect, Equality, Socialism, Peace, Environmentalism, Community, and Trade Unionism.[4] The Respect Party was established in London in January 2004; it grew out of the Stop the War Coalition, opposing the Iraq War.

The Respect Party's highest profile figure and leader is

  • 727 KB PDF documentPeace Justice Equality: the Respect manifesto for the May 2005 election. Retrieved 5 May 2005.
  • 435 KB PDF documentWhere now for Respect?. John Rees, Respect National Secretary. 22 June 2004. Retrieved 5 May 2005.

Respect publications

  • Respect official site

External links

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b Helen Pidd "Who is the leader of the Respect party these days?" (The Northerner Blog), 28 October 2013
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^ Chris Chilvers. "All the small things – the recent by-election results" (Sunday, 2 December 2012)
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^ Matthew Tempest "Monbiot quits Respect over threat to Greens",, 17 February 2004
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ Nick Cohen "Saddam's very own party", New Statesman, 7 June 2004
  13. ^ Respect – The Unity Coalition – Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2006
  14. ^ a b
  15. ^
  16. ^ "Profile: George Galloaway", BBC News, 30 March 2012
  17. ^ Patrick Barkham "MP accuses Galloway backers of anti-semitism", The Guardian, 12 April 2005
  18. ^ a b Andrew Gilligan "'Britain's Islamic republic': full transcript of Channel 4 Dispatches programme on Lutfur Rahman, the IFE and Tower Hamlets", Daily Telegraph, 22 October 2010
  19. ^ a b c
  20. ^ Andrew Gilligan "The Islamic Forum of Europe becomes a three-time loser in the complaint stakes", Daily Telegraph, 19 October 2011
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^ Galloway slams own Respect party, The Muslim Weekly, 14 September 2007
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^ a b Alex Nunns "Car crash on the left", Red Pepper, December 2007
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^ London Elects – Combined Mayoral Results
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^ London Elects – London Assembly results Archived 5 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^ "Abjol Miah Elected National Chair of Respect", East London News, 21 January 2011
  56. ^
  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^ Former MP George Galloway to stand in Bradford West BBC News
  62. ^
  63. ^ Andrew Gilligan "Fundamentalist liar loses another complaint against us", Daily Telegraph, 12 October 2010
  64. ^ Andy McSmith "Andy McSmith's Diary: Respect MP George Galloway needs to work on his swing", The Independent, 26 March 2015
  65. ^ Andrew Woodcock "Respect chief Salma Yaqoob quits over George Galloway rape row", The Independent, 12 September 2012
  66. ^ Aida Edemariam "Respect's Salma Yaqoob: 'Why I quit'", The Guardian, 22 September 2015
  67. ^ Helen Pidd "George Galloway: is Bradford losing respect for its maverick MP?", The Guardian, 14 October 2012
  68. ^ "Galloway Rape Remark: Respect Candidate Quits", Sky News, 4 September 2012
  69. ^ "Yvonne Ridley Respect candidate in Rotherham election", BBC News, 12 November 2012
  70. ^ "Respect is a 'Zionist Free Party' - Yvonne Ridley", Engage, 17 February 2006
  71. ^
  72. ^
  73. ^ Marcus Dysch "Galloway in bid for Boris’s job?", The Jewish Chronicle, 13 June 2013
  74. ^ Dolores Cowburn "George Galloway: 'I could stand for Mayor of London'", Telegraph & Argus, 10 August 2013
  75. ^ a b c Helen Pidd "George Galloway urged to resign as MP if he wants to be London mayor", The Guardian, 13 August 2013
  76. ^ a b c "Bradford councillors resign from Respect party", BBC News, 15 August 2013
  77. ^ Dolores Cowburn "George Galloway: 'I could stand for Mayor of London'", Telegraph & Argus, 10 August 2013
  78. ^ PA "George Galloway's ex-secretary gets conditional discharge for data breaches",, 31 July 2014
  79. ^ a b Andrew Robinson "No respect as Bradford councillors quit Galloway’s party", Yorkshire Post, 25 October 2013
  80. ^ "Bradford Respect councillors resign in George Galloway row", BBC News, 25 October 2013
  81. ^ Helen Pidd "Respect councillors in Bradford resign en masse",, 25 October 2013
  82. ^ Helen Pidd "Labour gains control of Bradford as Respect fails", (blog), 23 May 2014
  83. ^ Rob Lowson "Four Bradford councillors rejoin Respect", Bradford Telegraph & Argus, 29 March 2015
  84. ^ Claire Wilde "Sitting Bradford councillor defects from Labour party to Respect", Bradford Telegraph & Argus, 27 March 2015
  85. ^ Helen Pidd "Four Bradford councillors rejoin George Galloway's Respect party", The Guardian, 31 March 2015
  86. ^ "Councillor announces his defection", Bradford Telegraph & Argus, 14 April 2015
  87. ^ "UK General Election 2015 candidates: Other candidates", Political
  88. ^ "Election 2015: Bradford West", BBC News
  89. ^
  90. ^
  91. ^ Michael Gove, Celsius 7/7 p118, 2006
  92. ^
  93. ^
  94. ^
  95. ^ Looking at the figures of political donations to Respect of £15457 is the second highest after Mrs J Turner , search must be re-conducted, look for all donations to Respect – The Unity Coalition
  96. ^
  97. ^
  98. ^
  99. ^
  100. ^
  101. ^
  102. ^
  103. ^
  104. ^
  105. ^
  106. ^ a b Jennifer Lipman "Respect activist: was Hitler the bad guy?", The Jewish Chronicle, 25 October 2012
  107. ^ David Aaronovitch "The everyday language of hate", The Jewish Chronicle, 4 November 2012
  108. ^ a b Marcus Dysch "Tower Hamlets Respect chair guilty of assault at Tesco demo", The Jewish Chronicle, 2 February 2012
  109. ^ Marcus Dysch "Anti-Israel activist Carole Swords wins appeal", The Jewish Chronicle, 6 December 2012
  110. ^
  111. ^ "Carole Swords of Respect: 'Go back to Russia!'"
  112. ^ Rob Williams "'I don't debate with Israelis': George Galloway accused of racism after walking out of Middle East debate at Oxford", The Independent, 21 February 2013
  113. ^ a b Warren Murray and Sam Jones "George Galloway refuses to debate with Israeli student at Oxford", The Guardian, 21 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
  114. ^ "British lawmaker Galloway called 'racist' for quitting debate with Israeli", jta,.org, 21 February 2013


See also

On 20 February 2013 George Galloway walked out of a debate organised by Christ Church, Oxford University because his opposer was a speaker with Israeli citizenship Eylon Aslan-Levy, a student at Brasenose College, Oxford.[112] Galloway wrote on his Facebook page that he had refused to debate with "a supporter of the apartheid state of Israel".[113] He expanded: "The reason is simple: no recognition, no normalisation. Just boycott, divestment and sanctions, until the apartheid state is defeated. I never debate with Israelis nor speak to their media. If they want to speak about Palestine – the address is the PLO."[113] The Zionist Federation called it a "racist" walkout displaying "xenophobic" tendencies.[114]

In 2011 Carole Swords, the chairwoman of the Respect Party in Tower Hamlets, was convicted for a public order offence after an altercation with a Jewish counter-protester at a protest inside a Covent Garden Tesco Metro supermarket. She was alleged to have struck him in the face while he was protecting Israeli goods from potentially being damaged.[108] A subsequent appeal in December cleared her of the offence.[109] Swords had earlier described Zionists as "cockroaches ... bugs [which] need to be stomped out"[108] and at a different rally, Swords had told a Jewish protester to "go back to Russia".[110][111]


Following Naz Khan's appointment as Respect's women's officer in Bradford in October 2012, it emerged that Khan had recently commented on Facebook that "history teachers in our school" were and are "the first to start brainwashing us and our children into thinking the bad guy was Hitler. What have the Jews done good in this world??"[106] David Aaronovitch in The Jewish Chronicle wrote: "'What have the Jews done good in this world?' clearly means 'The Jews do only bad'. The Jews haven’t suffered as much as they say they have, but insofar as they have suffered it's their own fault and, in any case, they have gone on to inflict equal or more suffering on others. That's 'the Jews' as a group, not 'many Jews', 'some Jews' or 'a few Jews.'"[107] Ron McKay, Galloway's spokesman, said Khan's comments had been written shortly before she joined Respect, on an "unofficial site" (the Respect Bradford Facebook page), and that she "now deeply regrets and repudiates that posting."[106]

Abul Hussain, a former member of Respect's national council, posted antisemitic comments on Facebook and was expelled from the party in 2010. The councillor joked about chopping off a Jewish person's sidelocks and confiscating their kippah. He also wrote about Jews, "Here's a penny go put it in the bank and [you] just might get a pound after ten years interest!". The Respect Party stated that "such views are demonstrably incompatible with party membership".[105]


Birmingham Respect councillors Salma Yaqoob and Mohammed Ishtiaq stayed seated with their arms folded at a council meeting to honour L/Cpl Taliban grenade in Helmand in 2008 to protect his colleagues, and was applauded by the entire council except for the two Respect councillors. This led to criticism from other councillors, including allegations that it was a disrespectful act. The two councillors argued that they were protesting against "false patriotism" by politicians, while defending their own record of support of individual soldiers.[104]

Controversy about anti-war protest

In January 2006, an article attacking Tatchell's opposition to the party was written by Respect member and journalist same-sex unions, describing them as a front for "tax fraud". Tatchell called on Respect to expel Yosef but the party responded with the following statement: "Adam Yosef has the right to voice his own opinions in his own column – they range from an ecstatic review of Birmingham's gay pride to venting his thoughts about Peter Tatchell."[100] However, in October 2009, Yosef pledged his formal support to Tatchell's General Election parliamentary candidacy, calling for the left to "embrace a mutual personal and political commitment towards equality and human rights".[101][102][103]

According to a resolution at that year's conference, Respect's 2005 manifesto omitted the "defence of LGBT rights despite policy adopted at last year's AGM and contained in the founding statement". A resolution was passed calling for the end to all discrimination against lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and [97] Naseem, however, stated that the Islamic Party was now little more than a thinktank, and furthermore, disagreed with the statements on the Islamic Party website which Tatchell pointed to, stating his views on homosexuality as follows: "These things are a matter of personal choice [...] I am not concerned with what people do in their bedrooms."[98] Naseem was also present at Respect's 2005 conference, where the vote to reaffirm Respect's support of LGBT rights was passed unanimously.[99]

Respect has been accused of abandoning some traditional liberal-social issues, including women's rights, abortion, gay rights and fighting homophobia to attract Muslim support.[91] While Respect included opposition to discrimination based on gender and sexual orientation in its founding declaration,[92] critics claim Galloway has tended to avoid Commons votes involving equal rights for gay people – although he did vote to lower the age of consent for gay people in England and Wales to sixteen in 2000, earning him an invitation to open a new Lesbian and Gay centre in Glasgow. He has also praised New Labour's record on improving gay rights, and says of his absence from one vote that "there was never any doubt about the passage of the civil partnerships [bill], I wholly support it".[93]


Criticisms of Respect

In 2005, Respect took part in the second congress of the New Anticapitalist Party in France.[90]

Respect is registered as a political party in Scotland but have claimed that this is just so no one else uses their name in Scotland. They have only once stood in Glasgow list (Solidarity agreed not to stand in Glasgow and contested the remaining seven regions), and have in all other elections urged voters to support the Scottish Socialist Party (SSP).

While Respect is not part of any international organisation and has no formal links to any party from other countries, it does have fraternal links with various organisations. Respect participates however in the European Anticapitalist Left.

International affiliation

At the 2015 general election, Respect had four candidates, in Naseem Shah became the constituency's MP with a majority of 11,420 votes.[88]

2015–present: general election and after

This changed in March 2015 when 4 of the former Respect councillors rejoined and a Labour member of the council, Asama Javid, left the party and aligned herself with Respect.[83][84][85] The remaining councillor of the five who resigned in August 2013, Mohammad Shabbir, announced he was joining the Labour group on the council in mid-April 2015 with immediate effect rather than rejoining Respect with his former colleagues.[86]

In the 2014 local elections, Respect stood eight candidates in Bradford, but none of them won in their council wards.[82] Two other Respect councillors lost their seats, leaving Respect without any representation on local authorities.[6]

Galloway had also claimed that the councillors were working against him and the party with Aisha Ali Khan, his former aide, and her husband.[76] (Both Ali Khan and her husband later received criminal convictions related to her former employment by Galloway.)[78] After no retraction of the assertions made against them had been forthcoming,[79] the five councillors entirely severed their connections with Respect towards the end of October and then intended to sit as independents for the remainder of their term of office.[80] Claims that they had been "conniving" with Galloway's former aide were false, they said.[81] A spokesman from Respect accused them of attempting to gain control of the party in Bradford.[79]

The five Respect councillors in Bradford elected the previous year resigned from the party whip on 15 August 2013[76] after coming into conflict with Galloway over his comments on 10 August that he might run in the 2016 London Mayoral election.[77] They argued that the MP was needed in Bradford.[76] Two of the councillors had said the MP should resign if he intended to stand in London; Galloway and his associates had immediately suspended them, although their three fellow council members were in agreement.[75] One of the other three councillors, Alyas Karmani, then leader of the Respect group on Bradford City Council, said the party had not, in fact, been consulted about Galloway's plans.[75]

After several months of inconclusive reports in the media,[73] on 10 August 2013, the Bradford Telegraph & Argus reported that Galloway might not be a candidate in Bradford at the 2015 general election and instead stand in the 2016 London Mayoral election.[74] Two of the five Respect councillors in Bradford, elected shortly after his by-election win, were suspended after they said that Galloway should resign as an MP if he intended to stand in the London election for Mayor.[75]

Respect won five seats on Bradford Council in May 2012 following Galloway's success in the byelection at the end of March. Amid a fiercely fought campaign, there were claims and complaints of violence and harassment from both Respect's opponents and the Respect party itself.[72] The party came second in Oldham's Werneth ward and Tower Hamlets' Weavers ward.

2012–15: Respect's Bradford councillors

In November 2012, at a rally in Rotherham, Respect announced Yvonne Ridley had been chosen to contend the Rotherham by-election.[69] In 2006, Ridley described Israel as a "vile little state" and said that any Zionists "in the Respect Party ... would be hunted down and kicked out. We have no time for Zionists."[70] The election took place on 29 November 2012; Ridley finished 4th with 8% of the vote, ahead of both the Conservative and Liberal Democrat candidates.[71]

Later that month, on 29 October, Chair of London Race and Criminal Justice Consortium and former Senior Policy Advisor to the then Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, Lee Jasper, was selected as the candidate for the Croydon North by-election which took place on 29 November 2012; Jasper finished 6th out of 12 candidates.

Kate Hudson had originally been selected for the Manchester Central by-election, but stood down in early September following Galloway's comments on rape,[68] and left the party in October. In the same month, Respect announced that Catherine Higgins, a local "community advocate", would contest the by-election on 15 November 2012. Higgins finished 9th out of 12 candidates.

Other 2012 by-elections

Salma Yaqoob resigned as leader of the party in September following Galloway's remarks about rape with respect to the Julian Assange case.[65] Yaqoob said, in an interview with Aida Edemariam of The Guardian, that she had been forced to make a "false choice" between Galloway;'s "anti-imperialist stance" and women's rights.[66] In October 2012, party secretary Chris Chilvers said Respect had 2,000 members, while before the by-election it had 300.[67]

George Galloway successfully contested Bradford West in a by-election held on 29 March, following the resignation of Labour MP Marsha Singh due to ill health.[61][62] Galloway and his supporters, such as the Muslim Public Affairs Committee (MPACUK), were active in a campaign against Imran Hussein, the Muslim deputy leader of Bradford City Council, whose commitment to his faith was queried because he is reported to drink alcohol.[19] Meanwhile, one of Galloway's supporting speakers at a rally on the Sunday before the byelection was Abjol Miah, once group leader of the Respect councillors in Tower Hamlets, who is also active in the IFE.[19][63] Galloway was elected with a majority of 10,140 with one of the largest swings in the polls against the defending political party in modern political history.[64]

2012 Bradford West by-election

During the 2010 General Election the Green Party stood down in favour of Respect candidates in Birmingham Sparkbrook and Manchester, Blackley and Broughton indicating the beginning of a tentative co-operation.[60]

Respect fielded eight more candidates in other constituencies, who together polled 4,319 votes. Arshad Ali received 1,245 votes, 3.1%, in Bradford West, and Kay Phillips received 996 votes, 2.9%, in Blackley and Broughton.[57] In total, Respect candidates received 33,269 votes, which amounted to 6.8% of the total vote in the constituencies where they stood and 0.1% of the total UK vote.[58][59]

However the party had better results elsewhere. In Birmingham Hall Green constituency Respect candidate Salma Yaqoob performed better, receiving 12,240 votes, 25.1%, placing second after Labour candidate Roger Godsiff, who received 16,039 votes, 32.9%[56] making this a marginal seat. In the 2005 general election, she had stood as the Respect candidate for the Birmingham Sparkbrook and Small Heath constituency, since abolished, and also finished in second place, with 27.5% of the vote.

George Galloway, Respect's only Member of Parliament, had announced in 2007 that he would not stand again for Bethnal Green & Bow at the next General Election. Instead, while another Respect member would contest Bethnal Green & Bow, Galloway was going to be a candidate for the nearby, newly created and notionally fairly safe Labour seat of Poplar and Limehouse.[53] The strategy backfired, with Labour's Jim Fitzpatrick easily achieving re-election in Poplar and Limehouse with 18,679 votes (40.0% of the vote, up +4.7%). Conservative Tim Archer came in second (12,649; 27.1%, up 2.6%) and Galloway a distant third with 8,460 votes, 17.5%, down 0.7%, ahead of Liberal Democrat Jonathan Fryer (5,209; 11.2%, down −2.8) and others. Meanwhile, in Galloway's former constituency, Respect's candidate Abjol Miah received 8,532 votes, 16.8%, fewer than either the Labour or the Liberal Democratic candidate.[54] Miah was elected as the National Chair of Respect in January 2011.[55]

2010 general election

During the European elections in 2009 many Respect members supported a vote for the Green lists, especially in the north of England. This included prominent Respect supporter Salma Yaqoob.[52]

Respect Renewal stood 10 candidates in the local council elections also taking place on 1 May across England and Wales. They returned one new councillor, Nahim Khan, in Birmingham Sparkbrook, who received 42.64% of the vote.[50] The Left list stood or supported 24 candidates. Most received few votes, but they came second in Preston Town Centre and Sheffield Burngreave.[51]

In the Assembly election, the Left List constituency candidates polled an average of 1.37%. On the London-Wide Assembly Lists, the Left List and Respect (George Galloway) received 0.92% (22,583) and 2.43% (59,721) respectively, compared to the 2004 vote for Respect of 4.57%.[49]

[48][47] Both Respect Renewal and the Left List stood candidates for the

Lindsey German stood as the Left List candidate for London mayor.[40][41][42] Some members of Respect Renewal supported Lindsey German, while others supported the incumbent, Labour Party candidate Ken Livingstone.[43] The International Socialist Group, part of Respect Renewal, called for a first preference vote for the Green Party candidate, Siân Berry, rather than Lindsey German. [44] Lindsey German received 0.68% of the vote (16,796), compared to 3.21% when standing for Respect in 2004, coming 8th out of 10 candidates [45]

As a result of the 2007 split there were two organisations, both claiming legitimacy over the Respect identity. The group led by the SWP stood as the see below for information on the split).

2008 and 2009 elections

Post-split developments

In December 2009, the party de-registered (removed) itself from the Register of Political Parties for Northern Ireland,[39] but remains registered for England, Scotland and Wales.

In October 2008, representatives of both sides made an agreement, with the result that "former Respect Treasurer Elaine Graham-Leigh has signed the official forms required for a member of Respect (Renewal) to be registered as the party treasurer."[38] Will McMahon's appointment removed the obstacles preventing Galloway's organisation from full control over the organisation's name and legal status.

In 2008, one Left List councillor defected to the Conservative Party. In June, the three remaining Left List councillors in Tower Hamlets, including the Chair and Nominating Officer of the Left List, defected to the Labour Party as did one Respect Renewal councillor.[36][37] Left Alternative subsequently deregistered from the Electoral Commission Register of Political Parties in April 2010.

Following the split, the side that included the SWP (but not Galloway or Linda Smith) nominated candidates in two district council by-elections. They could not use the name "Respect" on ballot papers without the signature of the nominating officer. Instead, both were labelled "Independent" on the ballot papers.[35] The SWP faction stood as the Left List in those elections, and later renamed itself the Left Alternative.

The Electoral Commission continued to recognise Linda Smith as the Nominating Officer for Respect.[33] This meant that her signature was required for candidates wishing to use the electoral label "Respect" (and similar registered names) on ballot papers in British elections. A letter from the Electoral Commission to Linda Smith on 23 January 2008, set out its position on the split, following confusion on the matter from both sides. [34]


Linda Smith, Respect's national chair at the time of the split, has claimed: "The sectarianism and 'control freak' methods of the SWP have led us to a situation where Respect is irretrievably split."[31] The SWP has attributed the split to a shift to the right by George Galloway and his allies, motivated by electoralism (seeking to gain Muslim votes) and attacks on the left.[32] SWP dominated branches of Respect were reportedly less active than those with far fewer members of that group. A narrow failure of John Rees in 2006 to gain election in the Tower Hamlets local elections, while the 12 candidates from the Bangladeshi community were all elected, was also alleged to have alienated the SWP from the project.[32]

Reasons for the split

[30] On 3 November 2007 Galloway's side announced plans to hold a "

In the course of the dispute, the SWP expelled three members who sided with Galloway: Kevin Ovenden and Rob Hoveman, who both worked for George Galloway, and Nick Wrack, who was nominated for the position of national organiser.

The letter was the opening shot in a dispute in Respect between Galloway and his supporters including [29]

In September 2007 LGBT rights event.

The crisis in Respect

The split in Respect

Respect stood a total of 48 candidates in 2007 and although only three candidates were elected (Mohammed Ishtiaq in Birmingham Sparkbrook, Ray Holmes in Bolsover Shirebrook and Michael Lavalette retained his seat in Preston Town Centre[27]), the number of people voting for Respect increased, with candidates coming in 2nd and 3rd places in many boroughs throughout the country. Their wins brought the total number of Respect councillors in Britain to 18.

In the days before the elections Respect lost one of its Tower Hamlets councillors, Waiseul Islam who returned to the Labour Party. Islam has since expressed his reasons for doing so saying, "I reject the notion of dividing the local community for political gain, which is what I believe Respect are effectively doing."[26]

2007 local elections

In February 2007, Respect picked up another councillor when Councillor Wayne Muldoon in Loughborough defected from Labour.[25]

In December 2006, Respect gained another councillor in Birmingham, Abdul Aziz, who defected from the Liberal Democrats, bringing their total in the city to 2.

In the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley Worsborough by-election on 16 November, Respect polled 91 votes, 5.5%.

Respect stood Dave Ellis, a trade unionist who organised one of the largest continuous strikes in recent years at Huddersfield Technical College, in the Greenhead ward by-election on 27 July in the district of Kirklees. Ellis got 3.9 percent of the vote, coming fourth and narrowly beating the British National Party's candidate who finished last.[24]

2006 by-elections

The party won only one ward in Newham despite winning 26% of the total vote – a greater proportion than that gained in Tower Hamlets. In total Respect gained fifteen new councillors including Salma Yaqoob in Birmingham who won 49% of the vote.[21] Respect narrowly missed winning another council seat in Preston by seven votes where they already had Michael Lavalette as a councillor, some members noting that a Green candidate in the ward had taken 82 votes, possibly splitting Respect's vote.[22] Other second places were achieved in Preston and wards in Sheffield, Bristol, and several London councils. The party also achieved some strong results in areas with a small Muslim population; for example, Jerry Hicks, standing in Bristol Lockleaze, came second in a ward that is 4% Muslim.[23]

Respect put forward a limited number of candidates nationally and concentrated on Tower Hamlets, where it managed to win twelve council seats. Although Respect defeated several high-profile Labour councillors including council leader Michael Keith and Cabinet member for Housing David Edgar, most of Respect's gains were at the expense of the Liberal Democrats and the council remained in Labour control.

Respect candidate Ghazi Khan, with someone dressed as the then British prime minister Tony Blair, at the 18 March 2006 Anti-War Protest in London

2006 local elections

Respect came second in three constituencies: Birmingham Sparkbrook and Small Heath, East Ham and West Ham. By far their best result outside London was in Birmingham Sparkbrook and Small Heath, where Respect candidate Salma Yaqoob came second with 27.5% of the vote.

Abjol Miah is a Respect activist who was involved in the campaign to elect Galloway.[18] Miah is also active in the Islamic Forum of Europe (IFE), which wishes to create a sharia state in Europe.[19] The Channel 4 series Dispatches revealed in 2010 that after gaining his seat in Bethnal Green at the 2005 general election, Galloway was secretly recorded speaking at a dinner. He commented to his audience that the IFE played "the decisive role" in his win. "I am indebted more than I can say to the Islamic Forum of Europe", he was recorded as saying during his speech. The IFE denied it had campaign for Galloway in the programme, although Galloway himself admitted in a statement that the allegation was true.[18] The Disaptches reporter was Andrew Gilligan, who also wrote about the issue for The Daily Telegraph newspaper. Miah subsequently made several unsuccessful complaints to the broadcasting regulator Ofcom and the Press Complaints Commission about Gilligan's coverage of issues with which Miah is connected.[20]

[17]. According to King during the campaign, Respect canvassers had urged Muslims not to vote for her because she is Jewish. Respect threatened legal action if King repeated the claim.Bethnal Green and Bow, who had supported the Iraq War, in Oona King Galloway overturned a large Labour majority to succeed [16] In the

Salma Yaqoob (c.2005), co-founder of Respect

2005 general election

Respect won its first election on 29 July 2004, when Oliur Rahma won a ward from Labour in Tower Hamlets. The election was called after a Labour councillor was expelled for alleged corruption. In September 2004, Respect candidate Paul McGarr stood in the Tower Hamlets Millwall ward by-election and came second, pushing Labour into third place.[15]

The results at the Birmingham Hodge Hill and Leicester South by-elections in 2004, were 6.3% and 12.7% of the vote respectively – enough to retain the deposits in both seats (which requires a minimum of 5% of the vote). It was claimed that in Birmingham Hodge Hill the "anti-war" vote was split between Respect and the Liberal Democrats and, as a result, the Labour candidate won the seat.

In their first European Parliament elections (also in 2004), Respect's proportion of the national vote was 1.7%, and they failed to win any seats. Ron McKay, their spokesman, had been anticipating that the Coalition might win one or two MEPs during the campaign.[14] Their best result was in London itself, with a relatively strong 4.8%, and their worst was in Wales and the South West, with 0.6% and 0.7% respectively. Their strongest borough was Newham, London, with 21.41% of the vote.

Respect candidate Lindsey German came fifth in the 2004 London mayoral election. Its largest constituency vote in the 2004 assembly elections was in City and East London, where it polled 13.46%, reaching third place.

2004 elections

The Respect Party sought to challenge Prime Minister Tony Blair's New Labour Party from the left at the London Assembly and European Parliament elections in 2004, and gained a quarter of a million votes. The party claims that this support was achieved primarily as a result of the anti-war protests and by attracting votes from "disillusioned" Labour voters.[14] The correlation between the performance of Respect and the Muslim population of an area suggested that it succeeded in attracting the votes of some Muslims who felt alienated by Labour's support for the war in Iraq. Respect almost immediately won a council seat in Preston as SWP member Michael Lavalette was elected as a Socialist Alliance candidate in 2003, but subsequently voted with the majority of the SWP to wind down the Socialist Alliance in favour of the newly formed party, who was joined by a former Labour councillor, Steve Brooks.

Respect campaigners decorating a bus in Manchester for the 2005 elections

The alliance with the Socialist Workers Party

Originally Respect did not have a leader as such and was run by an elected "national council", but this later changed. The former party leaders include Salma Yaqoob, Linda Smith and Nick Wrack.

In its 2006 accounts filed with the Electoral Commission, the party noted it had three paid employees, including John Rees and 5,739 registered members on 31 December 2006 (2005: 5,674). It has 42 branches (2005: 25) and had a total income of £273,023 and expenditure of £228,100.[13]

Respect allows its members to hold membership of other political organisations. The coalition has the support of members of the Muslim Association of Britain and Muslim Council of Britain. Nick Cohen wrote of Respect in June 2004 "for the first time since the Enlightenment, a section of the left is allied with religious fanaticism and, for the first time since the Hitler-Stalin pact, a section of the left has gone soft on fascism."[12]

The party was originally launched by Birmingham Stop the War Coalition chair Salma Yaqoob.[3] The party was opposed to the War in Iraq and the War in Afghanistan. It seeks to "provide a broad-based and inclusive alternative to the parties of privatisation, war, and occupation" and has a socialist agenda.[8]

Monbiot left in February 2004 because the party now intended to stand candidates against the Green Party. Respect had offered to form a pact with the Green Party standing on joint lists in the European elections, but this was rejected by the Greens.[9] The Greens also said that they had selected their candidates months previously by postal ballot for the 2004 European Parliamentary elections and were sceptical of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP) influence on Respect.[10]

In its founding constitution the Respect Party states its overall aim is to "help create a socially just and ecologically sic] and accountable way practicable based on common ownership and democratic control".[8] Galloway said in April 2004: "Respect. It's a young word. It's a black word. It's the first postmodern name for an electoral political movement; most are one or other arrangement of the words The, Something, and Party. With respect, we're different."[11]

Respect fringe meeting at the 2004 ESF



  • Founding 1
  • The alliance with the Socialist Workers Party 2
    • 2004 elections 2.1
    • 2005 general election 2.2
    • 2006 local elections 2.3
    • 2006 by-elections 2.4
    • 2007 local elections 2.5
  • The split in Respect 3
    • The crisis in Respect 3.1
    • Reasons for the split 3.2
    • Regrouping 3.3
  • Post-split developments 4
    • 2008 and 2009 elections 4.1
    • 2010 general election 4.2
    • 2012 Bradford West by-election 4.3
    • Other 2012 by-elections 4.4
    • 2012–15: Respect's Bradford councillors 4.5
    • 2015–present: general election and after 4.6
  • International affiliation 5
  • Criticisms of Respect 6
    • Equality 6.1
    • Controversy about anti-war protest 6.2
    • Antisemitism 6.3
    • Anti-Zionism 6.4
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

[7], while its National Secretary is Chris Chilvers.Bethnal Green and Bow and Bradford West former MP for [2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.