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Republican Fascist Party

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Title: Republican Fascist Party  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: National Fascist Party, Italian Social Movement, Benito Mussolini, Licio Gelli, Nicola Bombacci
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Republican Fascist Party

Republican Fascist Party
Partito Fascista Repubblicano
Leader Benito Mussolini
Founded September 13, 1943
Dissolved April 28, 1945
Preceded by National Fascist Party
(not legal predecessor)
Succeeded by Italian Social Movement
(not legal successor)
Headquarters Milan, Italy
Paramilitary wing National Republican Guard
Ideology Republicanism
Political position Third Position (proclaimed)
Politics of Italy
Political parties

The Republican Fascist Party (Partito Fascista Repubblicano, PFR) was a political party led by Benito Mussolini during the German occupation of Central and Northern Italy. It was founded as the successor of former National Fascist Party as an anti-monarchist party. It considered King Victor Emmanuel III to be a traitor after he had signed the surrender to the Allied powers.

After the Nazi-engineered Gran Sasso raid liberated Mussolini, on September 13 1943, the PNF was revived as the PFR and as the single party of the Northern and Nazi-protected Italian Social Republic (the Salò Republic). Its secretary was Alessandro Pavolini. The PFR itself did not outlast Mussolini's execution and the disappearance of the Salò state in April 1945, even if many of its members founded the Italian Social Movement after the war; Italy's postwar constitution forbids the formation of any overtly Fascist party.

Secretary of the PFR

National Congress

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