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Rabbinical Conference of Brunswick

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Title: Rabbinical Conference of Brunswick  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Samuel Holdheim, Kol Nidre, Samuel Hirsch, Interfaith marriage, Áron Chorin, Grand Sanhedrin, Salomon Formstecher, Interfaith marriage in Judaism, Mendel Hess, Hirsch Lehren
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Rabbinical Conference of Brunswick

The Rabbinical Conference of Brunswick was a conference held in 1844 in Brunswick, convoked by Levi Herzfeld and Ludwig Philippson. Other attendees included Solomon Formstecher, Samuel Hirsch, Mendel Hess, Samuel Holdheim. Although he did not attend due to impending death, following the conference Áron Chorin, on his death-bed, wrote a declaration of his support of its conclusions.

Responding to the various complaints raised over the centuries against the Kol Nidre, the rabbinical conference decided unanimously that the formula was not essential, and that the members of the convention should exert their influence toward securing its abolition,[1] before the following Yom Kippur.[2]

The conference endorsed the Grand Sanhedrin's conclusions, except that they went further in relation to inter-faith marriage, arguing that the marriage of a Jew with the adherent of any monotheistic religion is permissible in Judaism, as long as the civil law in the place of marriage permits the children of such a union to be raised in the Jewish religion.[2]

They also decided that the oath of a Jew would be binding if it invoked the name of God, regardless of any other consideration.[2]

Some Jews opposed the decisions of the conference; Israel Moses Hazan wrote a letter condemning the reforms advocated by it.[3] Hirsch Lehren, circulated a letter among several rabbis, which in the autumn following the conference resulted in a protest, signed by seventy-eight Orthodox rabbis of Germany, Bohemia, Moravia, and Hungary, against the results of the conference.[4]

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