World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Prefect (France)

A prefect in dress uniform
Uniform hat of a French prefect during the Second World War

A prefect (French: préfet) in France is the State's representative in a department or region. Sub-prefects (French: sous-préfets) are responsible for the subdivisions of departments, arrondissements. The office of a prefect is known as a prefecture and that of a sub-prefect as a subprefecture.

Prefects are appointed by a decree of the President of the Republic in the Council of Ministers, following the proposal of the Prime Minister and the Minister of the Interior.[1] They serve at the Government's discretion and can be replaced at any meeting of the Council.

From 1982 to 1988 prefects were called commissaires de la République (the Republic's commissioners) and the sub-prefects commissaires adjoints de la République.[2]

Contents

  • Roles 1
  • Special cases 2
  • Québec 3
  • References 4
  • See also 5

Roles

The main role of the prefects are defined in article 72 of the Constitution of France:

In the local governments of the Republic, the representative of the State, representing each member of the Government, is in charge of national interests, of administrative checks, and the respect of Law.

The exact role and attributions are defined in decrees, most notably decrees of 1964, 1982, 2004, each replacing the preceding one.

The prefect of the département containing the chef-lieu de région is also the préfet de région, or the prefect of the région.

Prefects operate under the Minister of the Interior. Their main missions include.

  • representing the state to local governments;
  • security
  • safety
    • the decision to evacuate zones facing natural disasters; the organisation of relief operations;
  • responsibility for official documents, such as
  • ensuring respect for legality: officials working for the prefect verify the legality of decisions made by local governments and submit doubtful cases to administrative courts or to financial auditing courts.

Prefects may issue administrative orders in areas falling within the competency of the national government, including general safety. For instance, they may prohibit the use of certain roads without special tyres in times of snow. The prohibition on smoking or leaving the motor running while filling the fuel tank of a motor vehicle is another example of a matter typically decided by a prefectoral administrative order.

On official occasions, prefects wear uniforms.

Prefects originally had fairly extensive powers of supervision and control over departmental affairs. With the decentralization of local government in recent years, the prefect's role has largely been limited to preventing local policies from conflicting with national policy.

Special cases

Québec

In Québec, the word is used to refer to the unelected administrator of a Municipalité régionale de comté. There is no equivalent of French arrondissements, and instead, the word "arrondissement" always refers to a submunicipal division with an elected leader.

References

  1. ^ (French) Decree 64-805 of July 29, 1964, current version
  2. ^ See 1982 decree amended by a 1988-02-29 decree.
  • (French) Decree of March 14, 1964, regarding the powers of prefects
  • (French) Decree of May 10, 1982, regarding the powers of prefects
  • (French) Decree of April 29, 2004, regarding the powers of prefects

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.