World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Port of Chittagong

Article Id: WHEBN0004441784
Reproduction Date:

Title: Port of Chittagong  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chittagong, Bangladeshi Declaration of Independence, Bangladesh, Economy of Chittagong, Akhaura–Laksam–Chittagong line
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Port of Chittagong

Port of Chittagong

The Port of Chittagong (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম বন্দর) is the largest seaport in Bangladesh, located by the estuary of the Karnaphuli River in Patenga, near the city of Chittagong. It is a deepwater seaport dominated by trade in containerised manufactured products (especially garments, jute and jute goods, leather products, fertilisers and seafood), raw materials and to a lesser extent passengers. It is one of the two main sea port of Bangladesh - most of the export and import of the country are handled via this port. Window berthing system was introduced at the seaport on August 6, 2007, enabling the sea port to provide the arrival and departure times of all ships. Two berths at the port terminal are kept in reserve for emergency. In 2011, the port handled 43 million tonnes of cargo and 1.4 million tonnes of containers.[1] The port handled 1.5 million TEUs (twenty equivalent units) containers in 2010-11, up from 12.12 lakh TEUs in the previous year, according to the CPA Traffic Department. Port of Chittagong is ranked as world's 90th busiest port in the world [2]

Early history

Elephant loading in Chittagong port (1960)

The history of Chittagong port dates back to the fourth century B.C. Malayan history chronicles the journey of the sailor Buddha Gupta from Chittagong to Malaya in the 4th century B.C.[3] The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea documents the existence of Chittagong port in the ancient times. The Arab traders considered Chittagong to be the delta of the Ganges.

Chittagong port has been mentioned in the works of Ptolemy, Fa-hien, Hieu-en tsng, and Ibn Battuta. This was an important port used by the traders from the Middle East, China, Turkey, Europe to trade with this part of the world.

During the 9th century the activities of the port increased tremendously as the Arab traders started using the port as their base port. They used to call the port "Samunda". The port was under their control at the time.

The 16th century saw the arrival of the Portuguese. João da Silveira was the first Portuguese Captain to reach the port. He arrived with his ship “LOPO SOANA” in 1517. The Portuguese named the port "PORTO GRANDE" (a great Port ). The records show that the Porto Grande offered easy access and safe anchorage to ships of 20 feet draught.

It remained a port during Moghul time. Later in early 19th century the British took control of the Chittagong port.The port of Chittagong became a natural outlet for the Northeastern regions of the then British-India that led to the enactment of Port Commissioner’s Act of 1887. At that time the facilities of the port consisted of five wooden and one pontoon jetties. In the year 1889-90 the port handled exports totalling 1.25 lac tons.[4]


For Ocean-Going Vessels:

General Cargo Berths ----------------- 12  
Container Berths --------------------- 8

Specialised Berths for Bulk handling:

Dolphin Oil Jetty (For POL) ---------- 1   
Grain Silo Jetty --------------------- 1   
Cement Clinker Jetty ----------------- 1   
TSP Jetty ---------------------------- 1   
CUFL Jetty --------------------------- 1   
KAFCO Urea Jetty --------------------- 1  
Ammonia Jetty ------------------------ 1  

Repair Berths

Dry Dock Jetty ----------------------- 2   

Mooring Berths

River Mooring ------------------------ 10

For Inland Coasters and Vessels:

Jetty Berths (For (POL) -------------- 1 
Concrete Berth (For Grain Handling) -- 1  
Pontoon Berths (For POL) ------------- 3   
Pontoon Berths (For Cement) ---------- 1   
Single Point Mooring ----------------- 10

See also


  1. ^ 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "cpa". 
  4. ^ "dailystar". 

External links

  • Article on Chittagong Port, Banglapedia
  • Chittagong Port Authority Website
  • Chittagong Port Ship Service

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.