World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pope Boniface IV

Article Id: WHEBN0000024056
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pope Boniface IV  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pope Adeodatus I, Pope Boniface III, List of canonised popes, Columbanus, 610s
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pope Boniface IV

Pope Saint
Boniface IV
Papacy began 25 September 608
Papacy ended 8 May 615
Predecessor Boniface III
Successor Adeodatus I
Personal details
Born c. 550
Valeria, Byzantine Empire
Died 25 May 615(615-05-25)
Rome, Byzantine Empire
Other popes named Boniface
Papal styles of
Pope Boniface IV
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style Saint

Pope Boniface IV (Latin: Bonifatius IV; c. 550 – 25 May 615) was Pope from 25 September 608 to his death in 615. He is venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church.[1]


Son of Johannes, "a physician, a Marsian from the province and town of Valeria; he succeeded Boniface III after a vacancy of over nine months."[2] He was consecrated on either 25 August (Duchesne) or 15 September (Jaffé) in 608. His death is listed as either 8 May or 25 May 615 by these same two authorities.[1]

In the time of Pope Gregory I, he was a deacon of the Roman Church and held the position of dispensator, that is, the first official in connection with the administration of the patrimonies.[1]

Boniface obtained leave from the Byzantine Emperor Phocas to convert the Pantheon in Rome into a Christian church, and on 13 May 609 (?), the temple erected by Agrippa to Jupiter the Avenger, Venus, and Mars was consecrated by the pope to the Virgin Mary and all the Martyrs. It was the first instance at Rome of the transformation of a pagan temple into a place of Christian worship. Twenty-eight cartloads of sacred bones were said to have been removed from the Catacombs and placed in a porphyry basin beneath the high altar.[1]

During the pontificate of Boniface, Mellitus, the first Bishop of London, went to Rome "to consult the pope on important matters relative to the newly established English Church".[3] While in Rome he assisted at a council then being held concerning certain questions on "the life and monastic peace of monks", and, on his departure, took with him to England the decree of the council together with letters from the pope to Lawrence, Archbishop of Canterbury, and to all the clergy, to King Æthelberht of Kent, and to all the English people "concerning what was to be observed by the Church of England". The decrees of the council now extant are spurious. The letter to Æthelberht[4] is considered spurious by Hefele,[5] questionable by Haddan and Stubbs,[6] and genuine by Jaffé.[7]

Between 612 and 615, the Irish missionary Saint Columban, then living at Bobbio in Italy, was persuaded by Agilulf, King of the Lombards, to address a letter on the condemnation of the "Three Chapters" to Boniface IV. He tells the pope that he is suspect of heresy for accepting the Fifth Ecumenical Council (the Second Council of Constantinople in 553), and exhorts him to summon a council and prove his orthodoxy.[1]

Boniface had converted his own house into a monastery, where he retired and died. He was buried in the portico of St. Peter's Basilica. His remains were three times removed — in the tenth or eleventh century, at the close of the thirteenth under Boniface VIII, and to the new St. Peter's on 21 October 1603.[1]

Boniface IV is commemorated as a saint in the Roman Martyrology on his feast day, 25 May.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g  
  2. ^ [1] Catholic Encyclopedia, Pope Boniface IV
  3. ^ Bede, H. E., II, iv.
  4. ^ In William of Malmesbury, De Gest. Pont., I, 1464, ed. Migne.
  5. ^ Conciliengeschichte, III, 66.
  6. ^ Councils, III, 65.
  7. ^ Regest. RR. PP., 1988 (1548).



  • Bede. Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum
  • Gasquet, Francis Aidan. A Short History of the Catholic Church in England, 19
  • Gregorovius, Ferdinand. II, 104
  • Hunt, William. The English Church from Its Foundation to the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. "A History of the English Church", W. R. W. Stephens and William Hunt, ed. London: Macmillan and Co., 1901. 42
  • Jaffé, Regesta Pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum 1198. Berlin, 1851; 2d ed., Leipsic, 1881–88. I, 220
  • Joseph Langen, Geschichte der Römischen Kirche, 501
  • Liber Pontificalis (ed. Duchesne), I, 317
  • Mann, Horace K. Lives of the Popes I, 268–279
  • Mansi, Gian Domenico. X, 501
  • Paul the Deacon, History of the Longobards, IV, 36 (37)

External links

  • "Pope Boniface III" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
  • Biography from
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Boniface III
Succeeded by
Adeodatus I
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.