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Poonch District (AJK)

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Title: Poonch District (AJK)  
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Subject: Azad Kashmir, List of districts of Pakistan, Bagh District, Rawalakot, List of districts of Jammu and Kashmir, Pallandri, Bhalgran, Hurnamaira, Poonch, Toli Pir
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Poonch District (AJK)

For Poonch district administered by India, see Poonch district, India.
Poonch
District
Poonch
Azad Kashmir with Poonch highlighted

Coordinates: 33°51′14″N 73°45′03″E / 33.8540°N 73.7507°E / 33.8540; 73.7507Coordinates: 33°51′14″N 73°45′03″E / 33.8540°N 73.7507°E / 33.8540; 73.7507

Country Pakistan
Province Jammu and Kashmir
Area
 • Total 855 km2 (330 sq mi)
Population (1998)
 • Total 459,000
 • Density 548/km2 (1,420/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Poonch (Urdu: ضلع پونچھ ‎) is one of the eight districts of Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Poonch district borders Indian-administered Kashmir that comes under the Kashmir section which is part of the greater dispute between India and Pakistan.

The capital of the district is Rawalakot with the Sudhan,Awans tribes being the dominant groups in the district. This region has produced numerous business, political and military leaders.

History

From the end of seventeenth century up to 1837 CE, Poonch was ruled by the Muslim Rajas of Loran in Tehsil Haveli. It then fell into the hands of Raja Faiztalab Khan of Rajuri to whom it was handed over by the Punjab Government. Poonch was included in the transfer of the hilly country to Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1848. Before this transfer, Poonch was considered a district of Lahore. Maharaja Gulab Singh granted Chibal, Poonch and other areas to Jawaharr Singh and Moiti Singh. The Raja of Poonch had to present to the Maharaja of, what is now known as Jammu and Kashmir, one horse with gold trappings. The Raja of Poonch was not to effect any administrative changes in the territory of Poonch without previous consultation with the Maharaja of Kashmir.

Separation of Poonch


After independence in 1947, Pakistan and India fought a war over Kashmir. As a result of the war, Poonch was split between the two nations. Prior to the division of Poonch, the only high school in the district was in the city of Poonch; this city now forms the capital of Indian-controlled Poonch.

Lohar Dynasty

The centre of Lohar/Tarkan dynasty was at Loharin which is now in Poonch district of the state Kashmir. Prominent kings of this dynasty have carved out a special place in the history of Kashmir.

This clan is famous in Kashmir history since it gave a whole dynasty which ruled for a long time called 'Lohar dynasty'. Their settlement in India, Loharin, is located in Pir Panjal Range. The Lohar fort is named after them. The famous queen Dida, married to Kshemagupta, was daughter of King Simha Raja Lohar, who himself was married to a daughter of Shahenshah Lalli Bhima (Jat Clan) of Kabul. Lohar Kot was the name of the royal palace of the Lohar Dynasty. Alberuni (Abu Rayhan Biruni) refers to this castle Lohar Kot-as Loha Kot, and Mahmud Ghazni’s attack on Loha Kot was a dismal failure. Farishta tells that Muhmud failed because the fort “was remarkable on account of its height and strength. The Lohars had enough strength to defend the towering palace.

Lohar Dynasty ruled Kashmir for more than a century when Kshtriya rituals entered the Brahamnic cult. As is common with despotic rule the whole period suffered from murders, suicides, corruption-material and moral- a record of which has been prepared by Kalhan Pandit who followed in the 12th century in the reign of Jayasinha. The mysticism that the Lohars from Iran introduced was a slow but soothing stream aimed at raising up of moral and spiritual values and oneness of God. Therefore, Kashmiris readily accepted it in all its traits in which the Reshi order of Nundrishi was also contained. So Kashmiri thinking evolved out of a happy amalgam of Sanskrit, Buddhist and Islamic values.

The decline of Buddhism was a result of anarchy that the Iranian Lohars introduced to the state of Kashmir.

Main places

Sehra: Sehra is a beautiful town located left bank of poonch river,7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Tatapani on Poonch Road.Sehra is a union council having surrounding small villages Dara Sher Khan, Dalairy, Chakrali, Kanoian, Tahi, Sawa, Darochian, Natar, Lachyal etc. A crossing point is also located here in lachyal.The village's literacy rate is more than 90%. There are many primary schools, 1 boys high schools & 1 Girls College in the government sector, 2 public schools, many village development organizations, lot of companies, and number of farmer associations in the town.There is web of roads and pavements in the town. Jamma Masjid is located in the center of the town, Meelad chok is a famous place of the town. There is one police station in sehra covering areas from Kanoian to Mandhole and Dara Sher khan to Dharmassal.This Beautiful town is forehead of Dist. Poonch.

Dara Sher Khan: The village of Dara Sher Khan is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Tatapani and is located near Goi, Bhabra and Sehra. It was named by Sardar Sher Khan. Two main tribes live there: the Douli Sardars and the Gujars. Others castes like the Saadat, Bhati, Malik and Qureshi also live there. Many government officers and doctors come from Dara Sher Khan. The village's literacy rate is relatively high. There are 11 primary schools, 2 high schools in the government sector, 2 public schools, 4 village development organizations, more than 30 companies, and 4 farmer associations. mandhole is situated 7 km from tatapani

Transport

A bus across the LOC, the Poonch-Rawalakot bus has helped to re-establish ties across the border.

Gallery

External links

  • Official website of the Government of Azad Kashmir
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