World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Paolo Giovio

Article Id: WHEBN0007245679
Reproduction Date:

Title: Paolo Giovio  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Angelokastro (Corfu), Michelangelo, Battle of Flodden, Italian military historians, Tuman bay II
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Paolo Giovio

Paolo Giovio
Paolo Giovio
Born (1483-04-19)April 19, 1483
Isola Comacina of Lake Como
Died December 11, 1552(1552-12-11) (aged 69)
Florence
Other names Paulus Jovius, Paulo Jovio
Occupation historian

Paolo Giovio (also spelled Paulo Jovio; Latin: Paulus Jovius; April 19, 1483 – December 11, 1552) was an Italian physician, historian, biographer, and prelate.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Works 2
  • References 3
  • Sources 4
  • External links 5

Biography

Little is known about Giovio's youth. He was a native of Como; his family was from the Isola Comacina of Lake Como. His father, a notary, died around 1500. He was educated under the direction of his elder brother Francesco, a humanist and historian. Although interested by literature, he was sent to Padua to study medicine. He graduated in 1511.

He worked as physician in Como but, after the spreading of the plague in that city he moved to Rome, settling there in 1513. Pope Leo X assigned him a cathedra of Moral Philosophy and, later, that of Natural Philosophy in the Roman university. He was also knighted by the Pope.[1] In the same period he started to write historical essays. He wrote a memoir of Leo soon after his death.

In 1517 he was appointed as personal physician by the Cardinal Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici (the future pope Clement VII). In the field he wrote some treatises, like the De optima victus ratione, in which he expresses his doubts about the current pharmacology, and the need to improve prevention before the cure.

He helped Clement VII during the 1527 sack of Rome. From 1526 to 1528, he stayed on the island of Ischia as Vittoria Colonna's guest.[2] In 1528, he became bishop of Nocera de' Pagani. Giovio wrote an account of Dmitry Gerasimov's embassy to Clement VII, which related detailed geographical data on Muscovy.

In 1536 Giovio had a villa built for him on Lake Como, which he called Museo, and which he used for his collection of portraits of famous people. After Clement's death, he had retired. As well as paintings, he sought antiquities, etc., and his collection was one of the first to include pieces from the New World. A set of copies of the paintings from the collection, now known as the Giovio Series, is on display in the Uffizi Gallery.

In 1549 Pope Paul III denied him the title of Bishop of Como, and he decided to move to Florence, where he died in 1552.

Works

Monument to Paolo Giovo by Francesco da Sangallo, in San Lorenzo Basilica, Florence

He is chiefly known as the author of a celebrated work of contemporary history, Historiarum sui temporis libri XLV, of a collection of lives of famous men, Vitae virorum illustrium (1549‑57), and of Elogia virorum bellica virtute illustrium, (Florence, 1554), which may be translated as Praise of Men Illustrious for Courage in War (1554). He is best remembered as a chronicler of the Italian Wars. His eyewitness accounts of many of the battles form one of the most significant primary sources for the period. Many pages of his work are devoted to Skanderbeg.[3]

Giovio's notable work include:

  • De romanis piscibus (1524)
  • De legatione Basilii Magni Principis Moschoviae (1525)
  • Commentario de le cose de’ Turchi (1531)
  • Elogia virorum litteris illustrium or Elogia doctorum virorum (1546)
  • Descriptio Britanniae, Scotiae, Hyberniae et Orchadum (1548)
  • Vitae (1549)
  • Pauli Jovii historiarum sui temporis (1550–52)
  • Elogia virorum bellica virtute illustrium (1554), as an eye witness of many people involved in the Italian Wars including Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba
  • Dialogo dell'imprese militari et amorose (1555)

References

  1. ^ Schlager, Patricius (12 July 2013) [1910]. "Paulus Jovius".  
  2. ^ Zimmerman, T. C. Price (1995). "Ischia, 1527-1528". Paolo Giovio: The Historian and the Crisis of Sixteenth-Century Italy (Princeton University Press). pp. 86–105.  
  3. ^ Comparative literature. 1953. p. 20. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 

Sources

  • Oman, Charles (1937). A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century. London: Methuen & Co. 
  • Zimmerman, T. C. (1995). Paolo Giovio: The Historian and the Crisis of Sixteenth-Century Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  
  • Giovio, Paolo (2013). Gouwens, Kenneth, ed. Notable Men and Women of Our Time. The I Tatti Library. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.  

External links

  • Catholic EncyclopediaArticle in the
  • onlineElogia Doctorum Virorum (English translation, with life of Paulus Jovius)
  • Vita de Leonis X (Latin text)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.