World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000023796
Reproduction Date:

Title: Panarchism  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Minarchism, Private defense agency, Law of equal liberty, Political philosophy, Walter Block
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Panarchism is a political philosophy emphasizing each individual's right to freely join and leave the jurisdiction of any governments they choose, without being forced to move from their current locale. The word "panarchy" was invented and the concept proposed by a Belgian political economist, Paul Émile de Puydt, in an article called "Panarchy" published in 1860.[1] The word "panarchy" has since taken on additional, separate meanings, with the word "panarchism" referring to the original definition by de Puydt.[1]

De Puydt, a proponent of laissez-faire economics,[1] wrote that "governmental competition" would allow "as many regularly competing governments as have ever been conceived and will ever be invented" to exist simultaneously and detailed how such a system would be implemented. As David M. Hart writes: "Governments would become political churches, only having jurisdiction over their congregations who had elected to become members."[2]

Panarchism has been embraced by some libertarians and socialists, including some of those promoting secession from existing states and those advocating creation of new micronations. Max Nettlau in the early 1900s and John Zube in the latter part of the century wrote extensively on the concept in articles found on Panarchy.Org.

Two similar ideas are "Functional Overlapping Competing Jurisdictions" (FOCJ) advocated by Swiss economists Bruno Frey and Reiner Eichenberger and "multigovernment" advocated by Le Grand E. Day and others.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b c P. E. de Puydt, "Panarchy", first published in French in the Revue Trimestrielle, Bruxelles, July 1860.
  2. ^ David M. Hart, Department of History, Stanford University, Gustave de Molinari and the Anti-statist Liberal Tradition Part I11, The Journal of Libertarian Studies VI. No. I (Winter 1982)
  3. ^ Le Grand E. Day, The Theory of Multigovernment, 1969–1977.

External links

  • – original usage of the word "panarchy"
  • – the full philosophy (oldest site, "The Exterritorial Imperative")
  • – ongoing discussion of panarchy.
  • Why I Am a Panarchist – A famous article from a libertarian perspective, by Michael S. Rozeff
  • Some Notes For A Talk On Panarchism to Anarchists by John Zube
  • Panarchy South Jersey – a local activist group.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.