World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pan Africanist Congress

Pan Africanist Congress of Azania
President Letlapa Mphahlele
Chairperson Bishop Waters Toboti
Secretary-General Narius Moloto
Founder Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe
Slogan Izwe Lethu!!
Our Land!!
Founded 6 April 1959 (1959-04-06)
Split from African National Congress
Headquarters 10th Floor, Marble Towers, cnr Eloff & Marshall Streets, Johannesburg, Gauteng[1]
Student wing Pan Africanist Student Movement of Azania
Youth wing Pan Africanist Youth Congress of Azania
Women's wing Pan Africanist Women's Organisation
Paramilitary wing Azanian People's Liberation Army (formerly)
Ideology Pan-Africanism,
Black nationalism,
National Assembly seats Template:Infobox political party/seats
Party flag
Politics of South Africa
Political parties

The Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (once known as the Pan Africanist Congress, abbreviated as the PAC) is a South African Black Nationalist[2] movement, and is now a minor political party. It was founded by Robert Sobukwe.


The PAC was formally launched on 6 April 1959 at Orlando Communal Hall in Soweto. A number of African National Congress (ANC) members broke away because they objected to the substitution of the 1949 Programme of Action with the Freedom Charter adopted in 1955. Further they objected to the inclusion of other national groups such as the Communist Party of South Africa. Robert Sobukwe was elected as the first president, and Potlako Leballo as the Secretary General.

On 21 March 1960, the PAC organized a campaign against pass laws. People gathered in Sharpeville and Langa and Sobukwe and other top leaders were arrested and later convicted for incitement. Sobukwe was sentenced to three years and Potlako Leballo to two years in prison. Sobukwe died in Kimberley, Cape Province, 1978 of lung cancer. Immediately after the Sharpeville massacre the National Party Government banned both the ANC and PAC on 8 April 1960. The PAC responded by founding its armed wing, the Azanian People's Liberation Army.


The PAC followed the idea that the South African Government should be constituted by the African people owing their allegiance only to Africa, as stated by Sobukwe in the inaugural speech of the PAC:

"We aim, politically, at government of the Africans by the Africans, for the Africans, with everybody who owes his only loyalty to Afrika and who is prepared to accept the democratic rule of an African majority being regarded as an African."[3]

It is Pan Africanism with three principles of African W. E. B. Du Bois.

Election results

National elections

Election Votes % Seats
2009 48,530 0.27 1
2004 113,512 0.73 3
1999 113,125 0.78 3
1994 243,478 1.25 5

Municipal elections

Election Votes %
2011 118,822 0.4%
2006 306,747 1.2%
2000 1.2%
1995-96 104,455 1.2%

See also


External links

  • Official Website of the Pan Africanist Congress
  • Pan Africanist Congress Publications Collection 1958-1995
  • Archival Information can be found at the Congress of South Africa

Template:Political history of South Africa

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.