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Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–90)

Ottoman–Safavid War of 1578–1590
Part of the Ottoman–Persian Wars
Date 1578–1590
Location Mesopotamia (Iraq), Caucasus
Result Ottoman victory, Treaty of Istanbul (1590)
Safavid Empire
Kingdom of Kartli
 Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Mohammed Khodabanda
Shah Abbas I
Sultan Murad III
Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha
Sinan Pasha
Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha

The Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590) was a war between Safavid Persia under Mohammed Khodabanda and later Abbas I, and the Ottoman Empire under Murad III. It began in 1577-1578 and ended in 1590.

The Ottomans started the war, with the objective of conquering Kizilbash tribes, which formed the backbone of the Safavid military, submitted without any significant resistance in order to protect their own interests.[3] As a result, the Ottomans effectively came to rule over Azerbaijan and the Caucasus as far as the Caspian Sea.[4]

The battles of the war included:

A peace of Istanbul was concluded on 21 March 1590, in which Iran confirmed these Ottoman conquests, as well as promising to end Shiite propaganda in Ottoman territories and persecution of Sunnis in its own lands.[4]

The advent of the Ottoman-Safavid war temporarily deflected Ottoman interest from European affairs, where the Ottoman Empire had been active with the Franco-Ottoman alliance and the support of the Dutch Revolt, in an interesting episode of mutually-supportive relations between Islam and Protestantism.

See also


  1. ^ Peter N. Stearns, p.352The Encyclopedia of world history
  2. ^ by Gerhard Endress, p.194Islam
  3. ^ Maeda, Hirotake (2006). "The forced migrations and reorganisation of the regional order in the Caucasus by Safavid Iran: Preconditions and developments described by Fazli Khuzani". In Ieda, Osamu; Uyama, Tomohiko. Reconstruction and interaction of Slavic Eurasia and its neighbouring worlds. Slavic Eurasian Studies, No.10. Sapporo: Slavic Research Centre, Hokkaido University. p. 243.  
  4. ^ a b Stearns, p.352
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