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Olympic Park

 

Olympic Park

An Olympic Park is a sports campus for hosting the Olympic Games. Typically it contains the Olympic Stadium and the International Broadcast Centre. It may also contain the Olympic Village or some of the other sports venues, such as the aquatics complex in the case of the summer games, or the main ice hockey rink for the winter games. The Olympic Park is often part of the "legacy" which provides benefit to the host city after the games have ended. As such it may subsequently include an urban park and a museum or similar commemoration of the games that were hosted there.

The 1908 Olympic organising committee specified "As far as possible all the competitions, including swimming, archery, fencing, wrestling, &c., will be held on the same site in which the amphitheatre for the track-athletics and cycling will be erected."[1] Not every games has a centralised complex of this type. The 1992 and 2010 Winter Games had widely dispersed venues; "Whistler Olympic Park" was the venue for the nordic skiing events in 2010. Venues of the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro will be split among four "clusters" rather than concentrated in a single Park.

List

Olympics City Park Notes
1896 Summer Athens National Gardens of Athens Also used for the 1906 Intercalated games
1904 Summer St. Louis Louisiana Purchase Exposition fairgrounds Also the site of the concurrent Louisiana Purchase Exposition
1906 Intercalated Games Athens National Gardens of Athens Also used for the 1896 Summer Olympics
1908 Summer London White City Also the site of the concurrent Franco-British Exhibition
1928 Summer Amsterdam Olympic Sportspark
1932 Winter Lake Placid Olympic Center Also used for the 1980 Winter Olympics
1932 Summer Los Angeles Exposition Park Also used for the 1984 Summer Olympics
1936 Summer Berlin Olympiapark Berlin
1948 Summer London Wembley Empire Exhibition Grounds
1952 Winter Oslo Holmenkollen National Arena
1952 Summer Helsinki Eläintarha
1956 Summer Melbourne Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct The Olympic Park Stadium within the precinct was so named in 1934.[2]
1960 Winter Squaw Valley Squaw Valley Ski Resort All venues of these games, except McKinney Creek Stadium, were laid out within walking distance of each other.[3][4]
1960 Summer Rome Foro Italico
1964 Winter Innsbruck OlympiaWorld Innsbruck Also used for the 1976 Winter and the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics.
1964 Summer Tokyo Komazawa Olympic Park and Yoyogi Park
1968 Summer Mexico City Chapultepec, Ciudad Universitaria and Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City
1972 Winter Sapporo Makomanai Park
1972 Summer Munich Olympiapark
1976 Winter Innsbruck OlympiaWorld Innsbruck Also used in the 1964 Winter and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics
1976 Summer Montreal Olympic Park
1980 Winter Lake Placid Olympic Center and Lake Placid Olympic Sports Complex Olympic Center was also used for the 1932 Winter Olympics.
1980 Summer Moscow CSKA Moscow, Dynamo Stadium, Krylatskoye Sports Complex, Luzhniki Olympic Complex and Olympiysky Sports Complex
1984 Summer Los Angeles Exposition Park Also used for the 1932 Summer Olympics
1988 Winter Calgary Canada Olympic Park, Stampede Grounds and University of Calgary
1988 Summer Seoul Olympic Park and Seoul Sports Complex
1992 Summer Barcelona Anella Olímpica
1994 Winter Lillehammer Stampesletta Also used for the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics
1996 Summer Atlanta Centennial Olympic Park
2000 Summer Sydney Sydney Olympic Park
2002 Winter Salt Lake City Utah Olympic Park
2004 Summer Athens Athens Olympic Sports Complex, Faliro Coastal Zone Olympic Complex, Goudi Olympic Complex and Hellinikon Olympic Complex
2006 Winter Turin Torino Olympic Park
2008 Summer Beijing Olympic Green Also to be used for the 2022 Winter Olympics
2012 Winter (Youth) Innsbruck OlympiaWorld Innsbruck Also used for the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics
2012 Summer London Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
2014 Winter Sochi Sochi Olympic Park
2014 Summer (Youth) Nanjing Nanjing Olympic Sports Center
2016 Winter (Youth) Lillehammer Stampesletta Also used for the 1994 Winter Olympics
2016 Summer Rio de Janeiro City of Sports Complex
2018 Winter Pyeongchang Gangneung Olympic Park and Pyeongchang Olympic Plaza
2022 Winter Beijing Olympic Green Also used for the 2008 Summer Olympics

References

  1. ^ Cooke, Theodore Andrea (May 1909). "The Fourth Olympiad; being the Official Report of the Olympic Games of 1908" (PDF).  
  2. ^ "Melbourne & Olympic Parks: 1909-2009" (PDF). Melbourne & Olympic Parks. Retrieved 1 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Squaw Valley Organizing Committee (1960)
  4. ^ Findling & Pelle (2004)
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