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Oceana, West Virginia

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Oceana, West Virginia

Oceana, West Virginia
Town
Cook Parkway in Oceana
Cook Parkway in Oceana
Location of Oceana, West Virginia
Location of Oceana, West Virginia
Coordinates:
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Wyoming
Area[1]
 • Total 1.33 sq mi (3.44 km2)
 • Land 1.29 sq mi (3.34 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation 1,263 ft (385 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,394
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,364
 • Density 1,080.6/sq mi (417.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 24870
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-60364[4]
GNIS feature ID 1544323[5]

Oceana is a town in Wyoming County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 1,394 at the 2010 census.

Oceana is the oldest city in Wyoming County.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • In popular culture 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

History

Established in 1797 by early settler and Revolutionary War veteran John Cooke, it was county seat of Wyoming County until 1907, Oceana, when Pineville was designated after a series of disputed elections.[6]

Geography

Oceana is located at (37.692976, -81.634386).[7] The confluence of the Clear Fork and the Laurel Fork is in the town.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.33 square miles (3.44 km2), of which, 1.29 square miles (3.34 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Oceana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,394 people, 595 households, and 408 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,080.6 inhabitants per square mile (417.2/km2). There were 651 housing units at an average density of 504.7 per square mile (194.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 595 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.4% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the town was 44.8 years. 21% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 31.2% were from 45 to 64; and 18.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,550 people, 660 households, and 460 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,163.4 inhabitants per square mile (450.0/km²). There were 739 housing units at an average density of 554.7 per square mile (214.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.65% White, 0.06% Native American, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

There were 660 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,273, and the median income for a family was $25,938. Males had a median income of $36,016 versus $15,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,925. About 27.2% of families and 33.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.6% of those under age 18 and 19.7% of those age 65 or over.

In popular culture

Oceana was the subject of the 2013 documentary film Oxyana, which portrayed a bleak picture of a community affected by widespread abuse of the prescription painkiller Oxycontin. The film premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival.[12][13]

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ unknown (October 22, 2010). "The West Virginia Encyclopedia: Pineville". West Virginia Humanities Council. Retrieved 2011-07-23. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  8. ^ West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.:  
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Oceana, West Virginia
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Oxyana Not 'Ruin Porn' Says Documentary Maker". CBC. August 22, 2013. 
  13. ^ MacGillis, Alec (July 10, 2013). "A Hard Film to Swallow: The Anti-Drug Documentary that West Virginians Refuse to Watch". New Republic. 

Further reading

  • "I've Done Horrible Things for Dope", an article in The Atlantic about Sean Dunne's documentary film

External links

  • Rural Appalachian Improvement League
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