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Nokia X family

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Nokia X family

Nokia X family
the first-generation Nokia X
Manufacturer Microsoft Mobile (2014)
Nokia (2014)
Series X
Availability by country 2014
Predecessor Nokia Asha series
Successor Microsoft Lumia 435 and 532
Type Smartphone
Form factor Bar
Operating system Nokia X platform (a fork of Google Android)
Data inputs Touch screen
Development status Discontinued

The Nokia X family is a range of smartphones produced and marketed by Microsoft Mobile. It was introduced in February 2014 by Nokia. The smartphones run on the Nokia X platform, an Android-based operating system. The Nokia X devices contain various Lumia features, and resemble some of the newer Asha phones. They have a single "back" button like the Asha 50x and 230. A "home" button was added to the X2 series when they were released in June 2014.[1]

Stephen Elop called it the Nokia X family during an announcement, possibly to distinguish it from the unrelated Xseries that ran from 2009 to 2011.

In a company memo released in July 2014, it was announced that as part of cutbacks, Microsoft would end the Asha, Series 40, and X range entirely in favor of the Windows Phone.[2]

Background

Despite choosing the Windows Phone operating system for its Lumia series of smartphones, Nokia had experimented with the Android platform in the past. Images of a Nokia N9 running Android 2.3 were leaked in 2011. They were believed to be genuine, as Steven Elop mentioned Nokia had considered using Android at one time.[3]

2013 events

On 13 September 2013, the New York Times writer Nick Wingfield revealed that Nokia had been testing the Android operating system on its Lumia hardware, and a second project, known as 'Asha on Linux' used a forked version of Android without Google services.[4]

The Asha series had previously used phones running the Java-based Series 40 and Asha platforms, which did not provide the full smartphone experience of a similarly priced low-end Android handset, in a price range that Windows Phone devices were unable to be provided in.[5] Meltemi, a Linux-based operating system designed to replace Series 40 had previously been scrapped by the company.[6]

The Chinese technology site CTechnology revealed that, despite the announced merger of Nokia's handset division with Microsoft, development of the Asha on Linux project was continuing until November and 10,000 prototype units had been manufactured by Foxconn containing a Qualcomm Snapdragon 200 8225Q chip.[7]

However, a new report by Tom Warren from The Verge on 11 December 2013 showed the Asha-like device, codenamed 'Normandy' for the first time, stating that "despite the finalisation of the acquisition, development of the device is continuing."[8] (As of late January 2014 the deal stands as not finalized because of scrutiny from Chinese regulators.[9]) AllThingsD suggested that Microsoft may not actually axe development on the device.[10]

A further 14 December 2013 report by CTechnology claims that the device development had been halted, along with an Android-based 7 inches (18 cm) Snapdragon 400 tablet. The two projects were, it was claimed, to have been created by Nokia’s CTO division which is not being acquired by Microsoft, with Peter Skillman, the head of UX Design, at the helm of the UI design. The report claims wearable devices are the new focus of the CTO division.[11][12][13]

A further leak by @evleaks showed a press image with several colour options for the phone.[14]

According to NokiaPowerUser, the device is dual-SIM with a 4 inches (10 cm) display, stating that the model number is RM-980, and has a 640×360 resolution.[15] In a second report, they suggest the device may be a member of the Asha range as team was headed by Egil Kvaleberg (from Smarterphone) and UI lead by Peter Skillman (who worked on the Asha Platform's Swipe UI).[16]

A tweet by @evleaks on 31 December 2013 stated that "The reports of Normandy's death have been greatly exaggerated".[17]

2014 events

A leak on the ITHome technology website showed a blurred image of the phone, and the app drawer of its UI in operation, confirming it is a dual-SIM device. However, no Nokia logos were found on the device.[18]

@evleaks later posted screenshots of the UI, showing the lock screen and Skype in action.[19]

The device later showed up on the AnTuTu benchmark software as Nokia A110, with KitKat 4.4.1, a 5MP camera and an 854 x 480 display.[20]

Two new photos of the Engineering prototype were once again leaked, and the device is widely expected to be released at MWC 2014, according to sources speaking to The Verge.[21] One shows a different app launcher to one in a previous leak, suggesting it is a placeholder.[22]

On 13 January 2014, a press photo showing the tile-like UI of the home screen was leaked,[23] and was accompanied by a screenshot of the Asha platform's Fastlane-style notification centre the next day.[24]

According to Eldar Murtazin, Microsoft is not keen on the idea, mentioning there are “too many politics” around the project. He claims, if it is released at all, it will have to be in February, before Nokia's devices acquisition is finalised.[25]

Another source, speaking to TechnoBuffalo, in contrast, suggested Microsoft may use the device as a trojan horse to increase Windows Phone adoption.[25]

The phone (with the model code RM-980) was certified by the Indonesian authorities on 21 January 2014, suggesting a close launch date.[26]

On 23 January 2014, Nokia sent out invitations to its press event at Mobile World Congress on 24 February 2014, where the device would be unveiled if it is not cancelled by Microsoft.[27]

@evleaks later tweeted that the name of the phone is Nokia X.[28]

A few days later, the specifications were leaked by @evleaks, with the device having a dual core Snapdragon processor, 512 MB of RAM, 4 GB internal storage memory, 1500 MAh battery, Nokia Store and third-party app stores, confirming its placement into the low-end market segment.[29]

On 30 January 2014, French website nowhereelse.fr released more photos of the device, showing its form factor and rear view for the first time.[30]

According to GoAndroid, an anonymous Senior Nokia Executive Officer in India revealed that the device will debut in India in March under the Asha lineup.[31]

NokiaPowerUser later revealed that the phone later gained certification in Thailand and Malaysia.[32][33]

The Wall Street Journal confirmed with its sources that Nokia is indeed revealing the device at the MWC in Barcelona at the end of February.[34]

Reports from Artesyn Technologies and tech.qq claim that Nokia X is the first of several Android devices from Nokia, including high-end models. The report claims these additional devices, with one named Nokia XX, will be released during May or June 2014, and are claimed to be out of beta and may soon receive FCC certification.[35][36]

Nokia's social media accounts on Twitter and Facebook changed colour to green, which is suggested by WPCentral to be a veiled reference to the Android operating system.[37][38]

A new press render was leaked by @evleaks, confirming the Nokia X branding of the phone.[39] Rumours of devices being sent to developers in India were published at GSMArena.[40]

As the release date closens, teaser videos on Nokia's YouTube and Vine accounts under the hashtag #GreenDuck, as well as teaser images, such as a treasure map with an X marking the spot on the Sina Weibo microblog in China were released. More images of the leaked interface also surfaced, showing the finalised product for the first time.[41][42]

Hungarian technology website, tech2.hu on 18 February 2014 claimed the device is under mass production at Nokia's Komárom plant in Hungary.[43]

At a pre-MWC event on 23 February 2014, Microsoft VP for the Windows Phone platform, Joe Belfiore was asked about how the company would feel in the event Nokia released an Android phone. His response was as follows:

Unveiling

First generation

The phone was unveiled by Nokia CEO at Mobile World Congress on 24 Feb 2014. Contrary to previous leaks, two variants, Nokia X and Nokia X+ were released, with the Nokia X+ having 768 MB RAM as opposed to 512 MB RAM as well as a microSD card included in the box. The phone also contained the Lumia-inspired UI design, in addition to the Nokia suite of mobile applications as previously leaked.[45]

Nokia XL, released at the end of Q2

A third phone, the Nokia XL, was released, with a larger screen, front-facing camera, rear flash and greater battery life.[46] which features 768 MB of RAM and a Qualcomm Snapdragon S4 chipset with a dual-core 1.0 GHz Cortex-A7 CPU.[47]

Nokia X2

On 24 June 2014, Microsoft launched the Nokia X2, which features 1 GB of RAM and a Qualcomm Snapdragon 200 chipset with a dual-core 1.2 GHz Cortex-A7 CPU.[48] It launched with an official price of €99 (US$135; £80).[1] it also has a single and dual-SIM options mainly comes in Bright Green, Bright Orange, Black, White.[49]

Nokia XL 4G

The Nokia XL 4G was released in China in July 2014. It features a 1.2 GHz quad-core CPU over the 1.0 GHz dual-core CPU in the original Nokia XL, LTE support of Long-Term Evolution Time-Division Duplex bands, 1 GB of RAM over the original 768 MB and a lower weight.

Model comparison

The source of information is from the developer.nokia.com and the website of Microsoft mobile China.[46]
  Nokia X Nokia X+ Nokia XL Nokia X2[50] Nokia XL 4G[51]
Screen 4 in (10 cm) IPS LCD,
800 × 480 px
4 in (10 cm) IPS LCD,
800 × 480 px
5 in (13 cm) IPS LCD,
800 × 480 px
4.3 in (11 cm) IPS LCD,
800 × 480 px
5 in (13 cm) IPS LCD,
800 × 480 px
RAM 512 MB 768 MB 768 MB 1 GB 1 GB
Internal storage and included microSD card 4 GB internal
Up to 32 GB MicroSD card support
4 GB internal
Up to 32 GB MicroSD card support, 4 GB card included
4 GB internal
Up to 32 GB MicroSD card support, 4 GB card included
4 GB internal
Up to 32 GB MicroSD card support, 4 GB card included
4 GB internal
Up to 32 GB MicroSD card support, 4 GB card included
Rear camera 3 MP fixed focus 3 MP fixed focus 5 MP, autofocus and LED flash 5 MP, autofocus and LED flash 5 MP, autofocus and LED flash
Front camera - - 2 MP 2.0 MP 2.0 MP
SoC Qualcomm Snapdragon S4 MSM8225
1 GHz dual-core
Qualcomm Snapdragon S4 MSM8225
1 GHz dual-core
Qualcomm Snapdragon S4 MSM8225
1 GHz dual-core
Qualcomm Snapdragon 200 MSM8210
1.2 GHz dual-core
Qualcomm Snapdragon 400 MSM8926
1.2 GHz quad-core
Networks GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900
WCDMA 900 / 2100
GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900
WCDMA 900 / 2100
GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900
WCDMA 900 / 2100
GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900
WCDMA 900 / 2100
GSM 900 / 1800 / 1900
WCDMA 850 / 900 / 2100
TD-SCDMA band 39/F (1880-1920 MHz)
TD-LTE bands - 38 (2570-2620 MHz),39 (1880-1920 MHz),40 (2300-2400 MHz)[52]
Dimensions 115.5 x 63 x 10.4 mm 115.5 x 63 x 10.4 mm 141.3 x 77.7 x 10.8 mm 121.7 x 68.3 x 11.1 mm 141.3 x 77.7 x 10.8 mm
Weight 128.66 g 128.66 g 190 g 150 g 190 g
Battery life (on standby) 2G = Up to 28.5 days
3G = Up to 22 days
2G = Up to 28.5 days
3G = Up to 22 days
2G = Up to 41 days
3G = Up to 26 days
2 SIM cards = Up to 23 days Up to 37 days
Battery life (talk time) 2G = Up to 13.3 hours
3G = Up to 10.5 hours
2G = Up to 13.3 hours
3G = Up to 10.5 hours
2G = Up to 16 hours
3G = Up to 13 hours
2G = Up to 10 hours
3G = Up to 13 hours
2G = Up to 15 hours
3G = Up to 11 hours
4G = ?
Operating system Nokia X 1.x software platform (AOSP 4.1.2) Nokia X 1.x software platform (AOSP 4.1.2) Nokia X 1.x software platform (AOSP 4.1.2) Nokia X 2.x software platform (AOSP 4.3) Nokia X 1.x software platform (AOSP 4.1.2)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^ a b
  26. ^
  27. ^ Nokia Normandy Android phone may see MWC reveal, if Microsoft doesn't stop it | News | TechRadar
  28. ^ Android-based Nokia Normandy smartphone gets a name: Call it the 'Nokia X' - Winbeta
  29. ^ Nokia X specs leak, confirm low-end Android
  30. ^ NOKIA X : Photos et caractéristiques finales du NOKIA sous Android?
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^ Nokia Releasing First Android Phone - Wall Street Journal
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^ Nokia goes green, teases upcoming Mobile World Congress Android reveal
  38. ^ Nokia's turning green, Android is green — this is not a coincidence
  39. ^ Another marketing render from the Android-based Nokia X leaked - Neowin
  40. ^ Nokia sends Nokia X Normandy to developers in India - GSMArena
  41. ^ Nokia X A110 photo gives us first peek at new UI - GSMArena
  42. ^ Nokia teases ‘Nokia X’ with “Green Duck” video now. Says, 5 days to Go!! - NPU
  43. ^ Komáromban már gyártják az első androidos Nokia okostelefont -tech2.hu
  44. ^ Live Blog - Microsoft Media and Analyst day - WPCentral
  45. ^
  46. ^ a b
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^ http://bestmobs.com/nokia-x2/
  51. ^ http://www.androidcentral.com/nokias-last-hurrah-4g-version-nokia-xl
  52. ^ http://www.microsoft.com/zh-cn/mobile/phone/nokia-xl-4g/specifications/

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
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