World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nazo Tokhi

Article Id: WHEBN0026461863
Reproduction Date:

Title: Nazo Tokhi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pashtuns, Malalai of Maiwand, Pashto, Ahmad Shah Durrani, Pashtun
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nazo Tokhi

Nazo Tokhi
Mother of Mir Wais Hotak
Nazo Tokhi seen in this painting on a white horse helping Afghan warriors during a battle with the Safavid Persians
Born 1651
Spogmayiz Gul, Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died 1717 (aged 65–66)
Other names Nazo Ana, Nazoo Nia
Ethnicity Pashtun
Known for Poetry, Afghan unity, bravery and Mother of Mirwais Hotaki
Spouse(s) Salim Khan Hotak

Nazo Tokhi (نازو توخۍ), known mostly as Nazo Ana or Nazoo Anaa (Pashto: نازو انا‎) was a Pashtun female poet and a literary figure of the Pashto language.[1] Mother of the famous early-18th century Afghan King Mir Wais, she grew up in an influential family in the Kandahar region.[2] Nazo Tokhi is remembered as a brave woman warrior in the history of Afghanistan, who eventually became the legendary "Mother of Afghan Nation".[3][4]

Early life and family background

Nazo Tokhi was born in or about 1651 in Spogmayiz Gul near Thazi, Kandahar Province of Afghanistan, into a powerful and wealthy Pashtun family. Her father, Sultan Malakhai Tokhi, was a prominent head of the Tokhi Pashtun tribe and governor of the Ghazni region.[5] She was married to Salim Khan Hotak, son of Karam Khan.[4] The famous Afghan ruler of the Hotaki dynasty, Mir Wais Hotak, was her son, and Mahmud Hotaki and Hussein Hotaki were her grandsons.[6]

Nazo Anaa became a learned poet and courteous person, people knew her by her loving and caring. Nazo's father paid close attention to her education and upbringing. He induced training and full education from the learned personalities of the time in Kandahar. She eventually became the legendary "Mother of Afghan Nation", and gained authority through her poetry and upholding of the Pashtunwali code.[3] She called for Pashtunwali to be the law of the confederacy of the Pashtun tribes, and she arbitrated conflicts between Ghilzai and Sadozai Pashtun tribes so as to encourage their alliance against the Persian Safavid rulers. Her contribution as a poet is uniquely considered invaluable even today.

When her father was killed in battle near Sur mountain, her brother went into the battlefield to avenge his father's death, leaving her in charge of household and fortress. She put on a sword and defended the fortress alongside the men against the enemy. [7]


Below is a piece of the poetry works of Nazo Tokhi.
"Dew drops from an early dawn narcissus as if tear drops from a melancholy eye, O beauty, I asked, what makes you cry life is too short for me, it answered My beauty blooms and withers in a moment as if smile comes and forever fades away "[8]
—Nazo Tokhi

Special dream

It is believed that Nazo Ana had a special dream on the night her son Mir Wais Hotak was born.


Nazo Ana died in or about 1717 at the approximate age of 66, two years after her son's (Mirwais') death. After Nazo Anaa's death, her cause was picked up by Zarghona Anaa, the mother of Afghan Emir Ahmad Shah Durrani.


Nazoicihis is revered as a female hero among the Afghans. There are a number of schools and other institutions named after her throughout Afghanistan.[9][10][11][12]

See also


  1. ^ Anjuman-i Tārīkh-i Afghānistān (1967). Afghanistan, Volumes 20-22. Historical Society of Afghanistan. p. 53.  
  2. ^ a b Mirwais Neeka
  3. ^ a b "Tribal Law of Pashtunwali and Women’s Legislative Authority".  
  4. ^ a b Hōtak, Muḥammad; ʻAbd al-Ḥayy Ḥabībī; Khushal Habibi (1997). Pat̲a k̲h̲azana. United States:  
  5. ^ Anjuman-i Tārīkh-i Afghānistān (2009). The Kingdom of Afghanistan: A Historical Sketch. BiblioBazaar, LLC. p. 36.  
  6. ^ "Nazo Anaa". Afghanan Dot Net. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  7. ^ The Hidden Treasure: A Biography of Pas̲htoon Poets By Muḥammad Hotak, ʻAbd al-Ḥayy Ḥabībī, p.135
  8. ^ "Naz o Ana by Mohammad Osman Mohmand". 2003. Retrieved 2011-08-20. 
  9. ^ "Nazo Ana Primary School in Afghanistan". Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  10. ^ Nazo Ana High School for girls in Kandahar, Afghanistan
  11. ^ Nazo Ana Clinic in Kabul, Afghanistan
  12. ^

External links

  • Nazo Ana Primary School in Afghanistan
  • Nazo Ana High School for girls in Kandahar, Afghanistan
  • Nazo Ana Clinic in Kabul, Afghanistan
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.