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Murghab River


Murghab River

The generators of Hindu Kush hydro power plant (Гиндукушская ГЭС) on Murghab River soon after its completion in 1909 by the Hungarian Ganz Works. At the time, it was the largest hydro power generating station of the Russian Empire

The Murghāb River (Persian/Pashto: مرغاب), also called Margos, Margu and Margiana River (Old Greek: Μαργιανή), and also transliterated as Murgab (from Russian Мургаб) and Murgap (from Turkmen), is an 850-kilometre (530 mi) long river in Central Asia. It rises in central-western Afghanistan and runs north-west towards the Murghab District, which takes its name from the river, and then the Kara Kum desert in Turkmenistan, where it peters out.


  • Geography 1
  • Catchment area 2
  • Hydrometry - the flows at Takhta-Bazaar 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The Murghab originates in central-western Afghanistan, on a plateau situated among the chain of mountains of Kushk. Reaching the oasis of Merv, the Murghab mingles its waters with those of the Karakum Canal, a diversion of water from the Amu-Darya.

Catchment area

The catchment area of the Murghab is estimated at 46,880 square kilometres (18,100 sq mi).[1]

Hydrometry - the flows at Takhta-Bazaar

The flow of Murghab was observed during 50 years (1936–85) at Takhta-Bazaar, a location in Turkmenistan about 30 kilometres (19 mi) after the Murghab leaves the Afghan territory, and a score of kilometers upstream of the confluence with the Kushk.[2] At Takhta-Bazaar, average annual flow observed over this period was 48.7 cubic metres per second (1,720 cu ft/s) for an observed surface area of 34,700 square kilometres (13,400 sq mi), which is 74 percent of the totality of the catchment area of the river. The geographically-averaged hydrometric flow passing through this part of the basin, by far greatest from the point of view of the flow, thus reached the figure of 44.3 millimeters per annum, which is very appreciable in this particularly desiccated area.

Monthly mean flows of Murghab (in cubic meters per second) measured at the hydrometric station of Takhta-Bazaar
Data calculated over 50 years


  1. ^ Surface water resources in North Afghanistan
  2. ^ UNESCO - Bassin du Murghab - Station : Takhta-Bazar

External links

  • Delft Hydraulics - Integrated Water Resources Management for the Sistan Closed Inland Delta - ANNEX B : Forecasting the Flow from Afghanistan - Page 18 : cartes hydrographiques d'Afghanistan PDF (1.50 MB) (English)
  • Map of the province of Ghor, with trace of the flow of water
  • Map of vegetation cover in the province of Badghis, with trace of the flow of water
  • "Morghab River", in Britannica

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