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Title: Morbihan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Brittany, Brittany (administrative region), List of football clubs in France, Lorient, List of basilicas in France
Collection: 1790 Establishments in France, Departments of Brittany, Morbihan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Coat of arms of Morbihan
Coat of arms
Location of Morbihan in France
Location of Morbihan in France
Country France
Region Brittany
Prefecture Vannes
Subprefectures Lorient
 • President of the General Council François Goulard
 • Total 6,823 km2 (2,634 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 702,487
 • Rank 32nd
 • Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 56
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 21
Communes 261
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Morbihan (French pronunciation: ​; Breton: Mor-Bihan, IPA: ) is a department in Brittany, situated in the northwest of France. It is named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. It is famous for the Carnac stones, which predate and are more extensive than the more familiar Stonehenge.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Art and culture 3
  • Governance 4
  • Tourism 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


Morbihan is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from a part of the Duchy of Brittany. It is the only French department whose name comes from the Breton language.


Morbihan is part of the current region of Brittany and is surrounded by the departments of Finistère, Côtes-d'Armor, Ille-et-Vilaine, and Loire-Atlantique, and the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest.

The Gulf of Morbihan has many islands: 365 according to legend, but, in reality, between 30 and 40, depending on how they are counted. There are also many islets which are too small to be built on. Of these islands, all but two are private: l'Île-aux-Moines and l'Île-d'Arz. The others are privately owned, some by movie stars or fashion designers.

In the department of Morbihan, but outside the Gulf, there are four inhabited islands:

  • Meaban, just outside the Port du Crouesty is an ornithological reserve and it is forbidden to alight there.

Art and culture

The Breton language is an important issue, with many advocating bilingual education.

The painter Raymond Wintz (1884–1956) depicted locations around the Gulf of Morbihan.


As of 2014, the préfet of Morbihan is Jean-François Savy, previously head of the Prefectures of Ardennes and of Hautes-Alpes.[1]


See also


  1. ^ "Le préfet du Morbihan". Morbihan Prefecture website. 

External links

  • (French) Prefecture website
  • (French) General Council website
  • (English) Morbihan at DMOZ
  • (French) Cultural Heritage
  • (French) Tourism website
  • (English) Hiking in Morbihan
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