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Mandi Gobindgarh

 

Mandi Gobindgarh

Mandi Gobindgarh
Steel Town
City
Nickname(s): Mandi
Mandi Gobindgarh is located in Punjab
Mandi Gobindgarh
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Punjab
District Fatehgarh Sahib
Population (2011)
 • Total 73,130
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 147301
Telephone code 01765
Vehicle registration PB 23
Sex ratio 878/1000 /

Mandi Gobindgarh is a town and a municipal committee in Fatehgarh Sahib district in the Indian state of Punjab. It is also sometimes referred to as Steel Town or simply "Loha Mandi" ("Iron Market"), because of a large number of steel mills and factories. This town is famous not only in India but abroad also for the large number of forging and foundry units. Also the municipal committee of this town is one of the richest in whole Punjab.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Economy 3
  • Transport 4
  • Education 5
  • Local 6
  • References 7

History

The local tradition which was authenticated by the SGPC holds that the sixth Sikh Guru Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib stayed for 40 days during 1646, at the bank of a big sarovar known as 'Barhi Dhab'. He was accompanied by his followers and warriors. A skirmish occurred between Guru Sahib`s men and a contingent of the Mughal forces. In the clash, the weapons of Guru Sahib's men got damaged. His men pleaded before Guru Sahib that not even a tiny tissue of steel was available in the area for the repair of their weapons, how could they fight further.

Guru Sahib smilingly said "Some day this place will be a big steel-producing centre in the country, where you say, no steel is available for repair of your weapons". A magnificent Gurdwara in the holy memory of the Guru Hargobind Sahib is situated near the railway station. The place known as 'Barhi Dhab' then became known as Gobindgarh after the name of Guru Hargobind ji. The sagacious Maharaja Hira Singh of Nabha in whose territory Gobindgarh then lay, sowed the seeds of industry by starting some industrial units in this town in 1902.

This lead was followed by Maharaja Partap Singh who took some special measures for the industrial development of the town. Accordingly, Gobindgarh was declared a free trade zone for steel in 1928. Thereafter it began to make tremendous progress in steel business. Land was made available to local blacksmiths at nominal rates in early 1940. This move led to establishment of a number of workshops on both sides of the G.T.Road at Gobindgarh. This was the nascent stage of development of the 'steel town'.

This was originally a walled town with four gates. One was near Modi Mills, another was near Munilal Om Prakash, the third near the present main post office and the fourth near Krishna Mandir. All these gates used to be closed by sunset till 1950. After 1950, the gates were demolished one by one.

This town is a Sub-Tehsil of Distt. Fatehgarh Sahib, which is also known as the Steel Town of India.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[1] Gobindgarh had a population of 55,416. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. Gobindgarh has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 67%. In Gobindgarh, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy

The economy of the town is mainly based on steel and allied industries. It has a large number of steel-rolling mills - nearly 200 - serving 25% of the secondary steel market of the country. There are about 48 induction furnaces producing raw material for the rolling mills, about 12 forging units catering to the needs of the steel-rolling mills, sugar and paper industry, some 40 foundry units, 90 scrap-cutting units and 12 oxygen plants catering to the local requirements of industry. Besides all this, there are another 67 industrial units associated with the main industry.

Transport

Mandi Gobindgarh railway station is on Ambala-Attari line.

Mandi Gobingarh Bus Stand on National Highway 1 (India) OR NH01

Education

Today, Gobindgarh is home to many educational and vocational institutions run by philanthropists and big industrial houses of the township. For example:

  • Om Parkash Bansal Modern School, Sirhind Road
  • Desh Bhagat university, Gobindgarh road, Amloh
  • Sacred Heart Sen.Sec. School Jalalpur MANDI GOBINDGARH
  • SNAS Sr. Sec School & SNAS Modal School
  • Gobindgarh group of Institutes
  • RIMT Group of Institutes
  • Saint Farid Public School,Mandi Gobindgarh
  • Guru Hargobind Sr. Sec. Scool (Khalsa School)
  • Govt. Girls School

Local

There are many beautiful public parks in Mandi Gobindgarh viz. Maharaja Agrasain Park (Rose Garden), Green Park and most famous Ladies' Park exclusively for ladies.

For entertainment there is one theater(Shyam Picture Palace).

It also has main market named MAIN BAZAR.

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

Desh Bhagat university

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