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MIVILUDES (an acronym for the French-language phrase Mission interministérielle de vigilance et de lutte contre les dérives sectaires, i.e. "Interministerial Mission for Monitoring and Combatting Cultic Deviances"), a French government agency, has the task of:

  • observing and analyzing movements perceived as constituting a threat to public order or that violate French law
  • coordinating the appropriate response
  • informing the public about potential risks
  • helping victims to receive aid

The mission of MIVILUDES involves analysing "the phenomenon of movements with a cultic character whose actions affront the rights of man and fundamental liberties, or which constitute a threat to public order or which are contrary to the laws and regulations".[1]

MIVILUDES originated in a

  • MIVILUDES website
  • Miviludes report 2006
    • English translation of the 2006 MIVILUDES annual report
  • Miviludes report 2004
  • Miviludes report 2003

External links

  1. ^ From the ^ a b Mission Interministérielle de VIgilance et de LUtte contre les DÉrives Sectaires
  2. ^ Historique//La MIVILUDES
  3. ^ Mission Interministérielle de VIgilance et de LUtte contre les DÉrives Sectaires
  4. ^ 'France and "cults": a new orientation' - Interview with Jean-Louis Langlais, by Willy Fautré. Compass Direct, 5 April 2003. Available online; retrieved 2007-01-28
  5. ^ Mission Interministérielle de VIgilance et de LUtte contre les DÉrives Sectaires
  6. ^ "Open Letter to Alain Vivien about Religious Freedom in France". June 15, 2000. 
  7. ^ L'Humanité, January 14, 1999;
  8. ^ Alain Vivien Resigns from President of the French Anti-Cult Mission
  9. ^ United States Commission on International Religious Freedom
  10. ^ Circulaire du 27 mai 2005 relative à la lutte contre les dérives sectaires (Circulaire of 27 May 2005 concerning the struggle against cultic manifestations)


See also

Cette vigilance doit s'exercer en tenant compte de l'évolution du phénomène sectaire, qui rend la liste de mouvements annexée au rapport parlementaire de 1995 de moins en moins pertinente. On constate en effet la formation de petites structures, diffuses, mouvantes et moins aisément identifiables, qui tirent en particulier parti des possibilités de diffusion offertes par l'internet. [Translation: We must exercise this vigilance in taking account of the evolution of the cult-phenomenon, which makes the list of movements attached to the Parliamentary Report of 1995 less and less pertinent. Indeed, one can observe the formation of small groups, scattered, mobile and less-easily identifiable, and which make use in particular of the possibilities of spreading offered by the Internet.] [...] et le recours à des listes de groupements sera évité au profit de l'utilisation de faisceaux de critères. [Translation: one should avoid lists of groups in favor of the ulitization of specific criteria.][11]

On 27 May 2005 (just before he left office), the then Prime Minister of France, Jean-Pierre Raffarin, issued a circulaire on cultic activities in France. He called for increased vigilance and activity from public servants and indicated that the list of cults published on the parliamentary report had become less pertinent because of the way in which cults had evolved, and that in certain circumstances public servants should substitute specific criteria.

The 2004 report of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, concluded with an assessment that the restructuring of the main French agency concerned with this issue — referring to the new MIVILUDES replacing its predecessor, the Mission Interministérielle pour la Lutte contre les Sectes [Interministerial Commission to Combat the Cults] (MILS) — had reportedly improved religious freedoms in France.[10]

Vivien resigned in June 2002 under criticism.[9]

The "Interministerial Mission in the Fight Against Cults" (MILS) headed by International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights;[7] as well as from the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (a government agency of the United States of America). (See also About-Picard law#Reactions). In January 1999 Vivien requested and received police protection following threats and the burglary of his home.[8]

The French authorities set up MIVILUDES as the successor to MILS (Mission interministérielle de lutte contre les sectes or "Interministerial Mission in the Fight Against Cults"), which itself functioned from 7 October 1998 as the successor to the Observatoire interministériel sur les sectes established on 9 May 1996.


MIVILUDES provides information related to "cultic deviances" to the media, to the French government, and to individuals. It recommends contacts and other organizations, and produces and archives documentation and discussion-papers on groups considered cults.[6]



  • Activities 1
  • Chronology 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

In an interview given in March 2003, Langlais emphasized the fight not against "sects" (cults), but against "sectarian deviances". He stated that "current French law" lacks a definition for a "sect" and, therefore "the law cannot define sectarian deviances". Nevertheless he portrayed the role of MIVILUDES as contributing "to defining what could simply be an administrative jurisprudence".[5]

In its announcement of the formation of MIVILUDES, the French government acknowledged that the predecessor of MIVILUDES, MILS (the Mission interministérielle de lutte contre les sectes or "Interministerial Mission in the Fight Against Cults"), had received criticism from outside France for certain actions potentially interpretable as contrary to religious freedom. The decree establishing MIVILUDES[4] referred to MILS only indirectly in announcing the abrogation (in Article 8) of the decree establishing MILS.


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