World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Little White Schoolhouse

Article Id: WHEBN0015017489
Reproduction Date:

Title: Little White Schoolhouse  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: National Historic Landmark, Education museums in the United States, Wisconsin
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Little White Schoolhouse

Little White Schoolhouse
The Little White Schoolhouse
Little White Schoolhouse is located in Wisconsin
Little White Schoolhouse
Location 303 Blackburn Street, Ripon, Wisconsin
Built 1854
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 73000079
Significant dates
Added to NRHP August 14, 1973[1]
Designated NHL May 30, 1974[2]

The Republican Schoolhouse, also known as Little White Schoolhouse or Birthplace of the Republican Party, in Ripon, Wisconsin is a National Historic Landmark. Now located at the southeast corner of Blackburn and Blossom Streets in Ripon, it has been moved several times.[3]



The structure was built in its original location in 1853 as a school building for the young town of Ripon, Wisconsin. It was championed as part of a wider education initiative by a New York transplant, Alvan Bovay.[4] Bovay used his position in founding the school to further involve himself in politics, becoming a founder of the Republican Party, which formed during a meeting at the schoolhouse (see Politics).

The town quickly outgrew the small building, and built a larger brick building to replace it. The old building was sold to Wisconsin governor George Peck, for use as a home.

By the early twentieth century, it had fallen into disuse, and was in danger of being demolished. Due to its historical significance, effort was put into saving the building and marketing it (see Preservation).


In 1854, opposition grew to the proposed Kansas-Nebraska Bill. The bill was championed by the dominant Democratic Party, and the opposition was split among several smaller parties, including the Whig Party, the Free Soil Party, and some internal Democratic Party splintering. In Ripon, Bovay, who had gotten the schoolhouse built, lead the opposition, and canvassed support among opposition members of all the local parties. He called a meeting on March 20. The Whig and Free Soil parties dissolved themselves in favor of forming a new, united party to be called "Republican," with some Democrats also defecting from their local party branch to join the new party. With publicity from the New York Tribune, word of the party spread, other local chapters and state-level parties started forming by July or earlier, and a national party was formed by 1856.[4]


By the early twentieth century, it had fallen into disuse, and was in danger of being demolished.

Local civic and historical organizations, considering its local and national historical significance, raised funds to save it. The building was refurbished, and moved to the campus of Ripon College. Later, it was moved twice more to other locations on campus.

Its fourth and final move, in 1951, was to its present location.

Twenty-two years later, it was recognized it as a historic site by the United States National Park Service, which declared it a National Historic Landmark in 1974.[2][3]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b and Accompanying 3 photos, exterior, from 1972 and 1973. PDF (1.05 MB)
  4. ^ a b

External links

  • Official website
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. WI-15, "Republican Schoolhouse, Second & Elm Streets, Ripon, Fond du Lac County, WI", 1 photo, 2 measured drawings, 3 data pages, supplemental material
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.