World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of Egyptian flags

Article Id: WHEBN0028017360
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of Egyptian flags  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of USSR navy flags, List of flags of Kenya, List of Falkland Islands flags, List of flags of Latvia, List of Cambodian flags
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of Egyptian flags

This is a list of flags used by and in Egypt. For more information about the national flag, visit the article Flag of Egypt.

National flags

Flag Date Use Description
1984 – present Current national flag
(adopted by Law No. 144 of 1984)
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with the golden Eagle of Saladin centered in the white band.[1]
1971 – 1984 Flag of Egypt as part of the Federation of Arab Republics
(adopted by Law No. 3 of 1971)
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with the golden Hawk of Quraysh centered in the white band.[1]
1958 – 1971 Flag of Egypt as part of the United Arab Republic
(adopted by Law by Resolution No. 12 of 1958)
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with two five-pointed green stars in the white band, symbolizing Egypt and Syria.[2]
1952 – 1958 Egyptian Revolution Flag
Alternate flag of the Republic of Egypt
Following the Revolution of 1952, the Free Officers retained the flag of the Kingdom, but also introduced the Arab Liberation flag of red, white, and black horizontal bands, with the emblem of the Revolution, the Eagle of Saladin, in the center band, with a green escutcheon with a white crescent and five stars.
1923 – 1958 Flag of the Kingdom of Egypt and the Republic of Egypt
(adopted by Law No. 47 of 1923)
Green flag with a white crescent containing three five-pointed white stars.[3]
1914 – 1923 Flag of the Sultanate of Egypt Identical to the national flag used between 1867 and 1881 (see description below).[3]
1881 – 1914 Flag of the Khedivate of Egypt under British occupation Identical to the national flag used between 1826 and 1867 (see description below).[3]
1867 – 1881 Flag of the Khedivate of Egypt Red flag with three white crescents, each containing a five-pointed white star.[3]
1844 – 1867 Flag of self-declared Khedivate of Egypt introduced by Muhammad Ali Red flag with a white crescent containing a five-pointed white star.[3]
1793 - 1844 Flag of Ottoman Egypt Red flag with a white crescent containing a six-pointed white star.[3]
14th century Flag of pre-Ottoman Mamluk Egypt (1341-1517), according to the Catalan Atlas (1375)
12 till 14th century Flag of Egypt under the Ayyubid Dynasty (1171-1341)
10 till 12th century Flag of the Fatimid Caliphate, with capital in Cairo from 973 to 1171
8 till 10th ( till 13th century at Bagdad) Black flag, Abbasids (750–1258) like which used by Prophet Muhammad (570–632) and Rashidun Caliphate (632–661)[4][5]
7 & 8th century White flag, used by Umayyads (661–750)[6]
7th century Black flag, Rashidun Caliphate (632–661) like which used by Prophet Muhammad (570–632),[7][8]

Presidential standards

Throughout the republican era, the Standard of the President of Egypt has been identical to the national flag, with the addition of the coat of arms (eagle or hawk) in the upper-left corner.[1] Even though the Constitution of Egypt states that the President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces (article 150), the flag of the Supreme Commander differs from the Presidential Standard. It is identical to the national flag, with the addition in the upper-left corner of a white Eagle of Saladin contained between two crossed swords. The Supreme Commander also has his own naval ensign, air force flag and air defence flag. Military ordinances state that the flags of the Supreme Commander must be hoisted during the President's visits to each military unit. The national flag must be hoisted in the middle, with the Presidential Standard on its right side, and the flag of the Supreme Commander on its left side.[9]

Flag Date Use Description
1984 – present Current Presidential Standard Identical to the current national flag—tricolour featuring the golden Eagle of Saladin—with a second Eagle of Saladin added in the upper-left corner of the red band.[9]
1972 – 1984 Federation of Arab Republics Presidential Standard Identical to Federation of Arab Republics' flag—tricolour featuring the golden Eagle of Quraish on the upper-left corner of red band.[9]

Royal standards

Flag Date Use Description
1923 – 1953 Standard of the King of Egypt
(adopted by Royal Ordinance No. 90 of 1923)
Identical to the national flag of the Kingdom of Egypt, with the royal crown added in the upper-left corner.
? – 1953 Naval Ensign of the King of Egypt
1946 – 1953 Flag of the King's Air Force
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 40 of 1946)
1946 – 1953 Flag of the King's Airplane
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 40 of 1946)
1946 – 1953 Standard of the Crown Prince
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)
1946 – 1953 Naval Ensign of the Crown Prince
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)
1946 – 1953 Flag of the Crown Prince's Air Force and Airplane
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)

Military flags

Flags of Governorates

Flag Date Use Description
Alexandria Governorate
Aswan Governorate
Asyut Governorate
Beheira Governorate
Beni Suef Governorate
Cairo Governorate
Dakahlia Governorate
Damietta Governorate
Faiyum Governorate
Gharbia Governorate
Giza Governorate
Ismailia Governorate
Kafr el-Sheikh Governorate
Matruh Governorate
Minya Governorate
Monufia Governorate
New Valley Governorate
North Sinai Governorate
Port Said Governorate
Qalyubia Governorate
Qena Governorate
Red Sea Governorate
Sharqia Governorate
Sohag Governorate
South Sinai Governorate
Suez Governorate
Luxor Governorate
The flag depicted here was that of the City of Luxor, which became a separate governorate in December 2009. It is unclear whether the change in administrative status has led to a flag change.

Unofficial flags

Flag Date Use Description
1952 – 1958 Arab Liberation Flag used after the Revolution of 1952
The green monarchical flag (see above) remained the national flag of Egypt until 1958, even after the proclamation of the Republic. The Arab Liberation Flag never attained official status, although it was hoisted alongside the green flag during popular, national occasions.[2]
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with the republican eagle bearing the green field, and white crescent and stars of the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt and Sudan centred in the white band.
1919 Flag used during the anti-British Revolution of 1919 Green flag with a white crescent and a white cross symbolizing the common struggle of Egyptian Muslims and Egyptian Christians against the British occupation.[3]
1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities.
1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities.
1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities.
1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities.
1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities. The Hill Appear on top left stands for Mount Catherine.
1919 Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities. The white curve displayed on green field stands for Nile River.
2005 Unofficially adopted by Coptic activists in 2005 as a symbol of Coptic identity (see Coptic flag). Blue cross on a white background with a coat of arms in the centre.

References

  1. ^ a b c el Ansary 2001, p. 146
  2. ^ a b el Ansary 2001, p. 145
  3. ^ a b c d e f g el Ansary 2001, p. 144
  4. ^ http://www.passia.org/palestine_facts/flag/04.htm
  5. ^ http://www.passia.org/palestine_facts/flag/08.htm
  6. ^ http://www.passia.org/palestine_facts/flag/06.htm
  7. ^ http://www.passia.org/palestine_facts/flag/04.htm
  8. ^ http://www.passia.org/palestine_facts/flag/08.htm
  9. ^ a b c el Ansary 2001, p. 147

Bibliography

  • el Ansary, Nasser (2001). "Évolution du drapeau égyptien" [Evolution of the Egyptian flag]. L'Encyclopédie des souverains d'Égypte des pharaons à nos jours [The Encyclopedia of rulers of Egypt from the Pharaohs until today] (in French). Alleur: Éditions du Perron. pp. 142–147.  

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.