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Jasenovac, Sisak-Moslavina County

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Title: Jasenovac, Sisak-Moslavina County  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Operation Una, Jasenovac concentration camp, Jasenovac, Mlaka, Croatia, Wolves of Vučjak
Collection: Bosnia and Herzegovina–croatia Border Crossings, Municipalities of Croatia, Populated Places in Sisak-Moslavina County, Slavonia
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Jasenovac, Sisak-Moslavina County

Jasenovac
Jasenovac is located in Croatia
Jasenovac
Jasenovac
Location of Jasenovac in Croatia
Coordinates:
Country Croatia
County Sisak-Moslavina
Government
 • Mayor Marija Mačković (HDZ)
Population (2001)
 • Total 2,391
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Image of Jasenovac Municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County

Jasenovac is a village and a municipality in Croatian Slavonia, in the southern part of the Sisak-Moslavina County at the confluence of the river Una into Sava.

The name means "ash tree" or "ash forest" in Croatian, the area being ringed by such a forest. During the Second World War, it was the site of the Holocaust in the Jasenovac concentration camp.

Contents

  • Demographics 1
  • History 2
  • Culture 3
  • Sport 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Demographics

In 1991, the total population was 3,599, Croats made up 2,419 (67.21%), while Serbs were noticeable population with 911 (25.31%).

In 2001, the municipality's population was 2,391, composed of 2,179 (91%) Croats and 141 Serbs (5.90%).

In 2011, the total population was 1,997, with 1,807 (90.49%) Croats and 152 Serbs (7.61%).[1]

The municipality of Jasenovac consists of 10 villages:

History

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Jasenovac was part of the Požega County of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia.

Jasenovac attained tragic notoriety during the Holocaust through the Jasenovac concentration camp giving its name to the Ustaša complex of WWII concentration camps.

During the Croatian War of Independence, in 1991, Serb forces destroyed the local three-way bridge over the Una and the Sava linking the town to Bosnia and Herzegovina. The area was subsequently mined. The town was liberated as part of Operation Flash on 1 May 1995.

In 2005, a new three-way bridge was opened with financing from Croatia and the European Commission.[2] Demining operations in the area were ongoing in 2009.[3]

Culture

Jasenovac is home to a library with over 10,000 items.[4] Jasenovac celebrates May 1, the day of its liberation as part of Operation Flash, as its municipal holiday.[5]

The village of Krapje in the Jasenovac municipality houses the headquarters of the Lonjsko Polje Nature Park: the largest protected wetland in Croatia.[6]

Sport

The municipality is home to the football club NK Jasenovac.

References

  1. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Sisak-Moslavina". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb:  
  2. ^ Predsjednik Vlade na otvorenju mosta u Jasenovcu
  3. ^ Novi projekt razminiranja u Općini Jasenovac [New de-mining project in the Municipality of Jasenovac], Croatian Mine Action Centre, 23 June 2009.
  4. ^ Desetljeće rada Narodne knjižnice Jasenovac, Vjesnik
  5. ^ Jasenovac: Uz "Bljesak" i Dan općine Jasenovca
  6. ^ http://www.pp-lonjsko-polje.hr/new/english/kako_do_nas_en.html

External links

  • Jasenovac Municipality website

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