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Independent Baptist

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Title: Independent Baptist  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pensacola Christian College, Pillsbury Baptist Bible College, Hyles–Anderson College, Jack T. Chick, Jack Hyles
Collection: Baptist, Baptist Denominations in North America, Fundamentalist Denominations
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Independent Baptist

Independent Baptist churches (some also called Independent Fundamental Baptist, or IFB) are Christian congregations, generally holding to conservative (primarily fundamentalist) Baptist beliefs. The term "independent" refers to the doctrinal position of church autonomy and a refusal to join any affiliated convention or hierarchical structure.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The Independent Baptist tradition began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries among local denominational Baptist congregations concerned about the perceived advancement of modernism and liberalism into national Baptist denominations and conventions in the United States and United Kingdom.[1]

In response to the concerns, some local Baptist churches separated en masse from their former denominations and conventions and reestablished the congregations as Independent Baptist churches. In other cases, the more conservative members of existing churches withdrew from their local congregation and set about establishing new Independent Baptist churches.[2]

Demographics

Members of Independent Baptist churches comprised two and a half percent of the United States adult population according to a 2008 survey.[3] According to the same survey, they represent between ten and fifteen percent of adults who consider themselves Baptist.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Marsden (1980), pp. 55-62, 118-23.
  2. ^ Beale, David O. (1986). In Pursuit of Purity: American Fundamentalism Since 1850.  
  3. ^ a b "Religious Composition of the U.S.". U.S. Religious Life Survey (PDF).  
  • Marsden; George M. (1980). Fundamentalism and American Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-502758-2

External links

  • Independent Baptists at DMOZ


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