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Haruhiko Kuroda

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Haruhiko Kuroda

Haruhiko Kuroda
黒田 東彦
31st Governor of the Bank of Japan
Incumbent
Assumed office
20 March 2013
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Deputy Kikuo Iwata
Hiroshi Nakaso
Preceded by Masaaki Shirakawa
8th President of the Asian Development Bank
In office
1 February 2005 – 18 March 2013
Preceded by Tadao Chino
Succeeded by Takehiko Nakao
Special Advisor to the Cabinet
In office
March 2003 – January 2005
Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi
Vice Minister of Finance for International Affairs (Ministry of Finance)
In office
8 July 1999 – 14 January 2003
Preceded by Eisuke Sakakibara
Succeeded by Zenbee Mizoguchi
Director General of the International Bureau (Ministry of Finance)
In office
15 July 1997 – 8 July 1999
Preceded by Eisuke Sakakibara
Succeeded by Zenbee Mizoguchi
Personal details
Born 黒田東彦 (Kuroda Haruhiko)
(1944-10-25) 25 October 1944
Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
Alma mater University of Tokyo
University of Oxford

Haruhiko Kuroda (黒田 東彦 Kuroda Haruhiko, born 25 October 1944), is 31st and current Governor of the Bank of Japan (BOJ). He was formerly the President of the Asian Development Bank from 1 February 2005 to 18 March 2013.[1][2]

Kuroda has been an advocate of looser monetary policy in Japan.[3] His February 2013 nomination by the incoming government of Shinzo Abe had been expected. Also nominated at the same time were Kikuo Iwata — "a harsh critic of past BOJ policies" — and Hiroshi Nakaso, a senior BOJ official in charge of international affairs, as Kuroda's two deputies. The former governor, Masaaki Shirakawa, left in March 2013.[4]

"There is plenty of room for monetary easing" in Japan, Kuroda said in a February 2013 interview, adding that the BOJ could go beyond purchasing government bonds to include corporate bonds "or even stocks". The yen, which "has fallen 10% against the dollar since Abe began his campaign in November", also fell on the news of Kuroda's nomination. However, the new governor is "expected to use his experience as Japan’s top currency official until 2003 to rebut overseas criticism that Tokyo is using easy monetary policy to drive the yen lower, triggering a war of competitive currency devaluation".[4] Bloomberg quoted Stephen Roach, a senior fellow at Yale University, as saying about Kuroda's goals: “It’s a strong pledge from a well-intended man, but I’m not convinced it’s going to work."[5] When Kuroda was asked the same question in his assumption of office's press conference on March 21, Kuroda said the BOJ's role is to stabilize prices, and stabilizing exchange rates is the role of the Ministry of Finance.[6][7][8][9] He also said that BOJ's "Quantitative and Qualitative Monetary Easing" policy does not intend to devalue, aiming to grow out of deflation by targeting inflation.[10][11] Although there was opposition from developing countries, the policy was accepted by the other developed countries in the G20 summit. However, G20 members emphasized to Japanese policymakers that it must be used domestically while highlighting the importance of a Japanese effort to reduce government debt.[12][13]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Haruhiko Kuroda is ADB president".  
  2. ^ "Biographies of past ADB presidents". Asian Development Bank (ADB). Archived from the original on 21 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Nikkei jumps to 53-month high as Kuroda seen likely next BOJ chief".  
  4. ^ a b Sekiguchi, Toko (27 February 2013). "Tokyo nominates Haruhiko Kuroda as BOJ chief".   Archived on 21 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Kuroda talks up bond buying to hit price target". Bloomberg via Japan Times. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  6. ^ "日銀・黒田総裁 新政策を初めて語る! 特別会見全編配信". Nikkei Channel. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 
  7. ^ "総裁・副総裁就任記者会見(3月21日)要旨". Bank of Japan. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  8. ^ Bank of Japan Act, Article 2; Currency and monetary control by the Bank of Japan shall be aimed at achieving price stability, thereby contributing to the sound development of the national economy.
  9. ^ 財務省設置法 第三条  財務省は、健全な財政の確保、適正かつ公平な課税の実現、税関業務の適正な運営、国庫の適正な管理、通貨に対する信頼の維持及び外国為替の安定の確保を図ることを任務とする。
  10. ^ "Quantitative and Qualitative Monetary Easing". Bank of Japan. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  11. ^ "BOJ Gov Kuroda: BOJ Easing Policy Not Targeting Exchange Rates". The Wall Street Journal. 2013-04-12. Retrieved 2013-04-12. 
  12. ^ "Lew says Bank of Japan action aimed at domestic demand". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Communiqué G20 Meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Washington DC, April 19, 2013". G20 Information Centre. Retrieved 2013-04-23. 
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Tadao Chino
President of the Asian Development Bank
2005–2013
Succeeded by
Takehiko Nakao
Government offices
Preceded by
Masaaki Shirakawa
Governor of the Bank of Japan
2013–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
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