World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Golden number (time)

Article Id: WHEBN0001276249
Reproduction Date:

Title: Golden number (time)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Golden number, The Vacheron Constantin Reference 57260, Robert Hare (antiquary), Calendars, Zimmer tower
Collection: Calendars, Time in Astronomy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Golden number (time)

A golden number (sometimes capitalized) is a number assigned to each year in sequence to indicate the year's position in a 19-year Metonic cycle. They are used in the computus (the calculation of the date of Easter) and also in the Runic calendar. The golden number of any Julian or Gregorian calendar year can be calculated by dividing the year by 19, taking the remainder, and adding 1. (In mathematics this can be expressed as (year number modulo 19) +1.)

For example, 2016 divided by 19 gives 106, remainder 2. Adding 1 to the remainder gives a golden number of 3.

The term golden number is first documented in Hildegard of Bingen's Ordo Virtutum (ca. 1151) and in the computistic poem Massa Compoti by Alexander de Villa Dei in 1200. Later, a scribe added it to tables originally composed by Abbo of Fleury in 988.


  • "Metonic Cycle". Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.