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Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah

Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah (reigned: 1533–1538) was the last Sultan of the Hussain Shahi dynasty of Bengal.[1] The dynasty was founded by Alauddin Husain Shah in 1494.


Banglapedia assesses him as a "weak, pleasure loving and easy-going ruler" who "...had neither diplomatic foresight, nor any practical approach to the political problems which beset Bengal during his reign."[1] His reign was marked by rebellions, including those by Khuda Bakhsh Khan, his general and governor of the Chittagong area, and Makhdum Alam, the governor of Hajipur.[1]

During his reign the Portuguese arrived in Chittagong in 1534, and were captured and sent to Gaur as prisoners on charges of misbehavior.[1] But, in the face of enemy superiority he reconciled with them and permitted to establish factories at Chittagong and Hughli.[1] Ghiyasuddin and his Portuguese allies were defeated by Sher Shah Suri and his Afghans on 6 April 1538, as his appeals to Mughal Emperor Humayun went unanswered.[1]

Preceded by
Alauddin Firuz Shah
Hussain Shahi dynasty
Succeeded by

See also


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