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Galerie des batailles

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Title: Galerie des batailles  
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Galerie des batailles


The Galerie des Batailles (Gallery of Battles) is a 120 metre long and 13 metre wide gallery occupying the first floor of the aile du midi of the Palace of Versailles, joining onto the grand and petit 'appartements de la reine'. It is an epigone of the Grande galerie of the Louvre and was intended to glorify French military history from the Battle of Tolbiac (traditionally dated 495) to the Battle of Wagram (5–6 July 1809).

History

Its creation was the idea of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French and it replaced apartments which had been occupied in the 17th and 18th centuries by

The architects Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine[1] and Frédéric Nepveu created a solemn decorative scheme for it, with a wide cornice supporting a coffered painted ceiling with entablatures supported by Corinthian columns along the length of the gallery. 13 bronze tablets on the wall are inscribed with the names of princes, admirals, constables, marshals and warriors killed or wounded whilst fighting for France. There are also busts placed on supports against the columns and between the paintings.

The main contents of the rooms, however, were envisaged as the vast paintings showing major military events in French history, some already in existence but mostly specially commissioned for the Galerie. While a number of them were of questionable quality, a few masterpieces, such as the Battle of Taillebourg by Eugène Delacroix, were displayed here.

List of busts and paintings

Numbers correspond to plan.

  • 1) Joseph-Antoine, prince Poniatowski, maréchal de l'Empire (1762–1813). Artist : François-Augustin Caunois (1787–1859).
  • 2) Théophile-François Marcel Bra (1797–1863).
  • 3) Jean-Baptiste Bessières, duc d'Istries, maréchal de l'Empire (1768–1813). Artist : François Masson (1745–1807).
  • 4) Henri LXI, prince de Reuss-Schleiz, général de brigade in French service (1784–1813). Artist : Charles-François Lebœuf.
  • 6) Jean-Jacques Feuchère (1807–1852).
  • 8) Hugues Quieret, French admiral, died 1340. Artist : Charles Émile Seurre (1798–1858).
  • 9) Nicolas Béhuchet, French admiral, died 1340. Artist : Bernard Seurre (1795–1867).
  • 10) Commemorative tablet at the north end of the galerie.
  • 11) Commemorative tablet at the north end of the galerie.
  • 16) Nicolas Charles Oudinot.
  • 17) Antoine Louis Charles, comte Lasalle, général de division (1775–1809). Artist : after Auguste Taunay (1768–1824).
  • 18) duc d'Istrie.
  • 19) Jean-Baptiste Cervoni, général de division (1765–1809). Artist : after Pietro Cardelli (1776–1822).
  • 20) Battle of Jena, 14 October 1806, 5.43m by 4.65m, showing Napoleon I, Joachim Murat and Louis Alexandre Berthier, dated and signed "Horace Vernet 1836"
  • 21) duc de Montebello, maréchal de l'Empire (1769–1809). Artist : François Masson (1745–1807).
  • 22) Jean Rapp, 9.58m by 5.10m
  • 23) Nicolas-Bernard, général-baron Guiot de Lacour, général de division (1771–1809). Mortally wounded at Wagram (wearing the cross of the Légion d'honneur and the cross of the Ordre de Saint-Henri of Saxony). Artist : Jean-Baptiste Joseph Debay, le Fils (1802–1862)
  • 24) Emmanuel de Grouchy, Jean de Habsburg, signed "H Schopin".
  • 25) André Bruno de Frévol, comte de La Coste, général de brigade (1775–1809). After : Claude Michel (known as Clodion) (1738–1814).
  • 26) Louis-Philippe in 1835, 5.43 m by 4.65 m
  • 28) Battle of Rivoli.
  • 30) Joseph Sécret Pascal-Vallongue, général de Brigade (1763–1806). Artist : Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Debay, le Père (1779–1863).
  • 32) Prigent de Coëtivy, sire de Coëtivy, Admiral of France. Killed at the siege of Cherbourg (1450).
  • 33) Philippe de Valois. 23 August 1328. 5.43m by 4.65m, showing Philip and Nicolas Zonnekin, dated and signed "Scheffer Henry 1837".
  • 34) Battle of Verneuil (1424).
  • 36) battle of Agincourt in 1415.
  • 37) Eugène Delacroix (1798–1863). Date : 1837. 4.89m by 5.54 m
  • 38) Jacques Dampierre de Châtillon, sire de Amiral de France. Killed at the battle of Agincourt 1415.
  • 39) Horace Vernet (1789–1863). Date : 1827. Technique : oil on canvas, 5.1m by 9.58m
  • 40) battle of Nicopolis 1396.
  • 41) Count Eudes defending Paris against the Normans in 885, 5.42m by 4.65m, commissioned by Louis-Philippe in 1834, signed "V. Schnetz".
  • 45) Abd-el-Rahman, dated and signed "STEUBEN 1837".
  • 52) Jean de Bourbon, comte de Soissons. Killed at Saint-Quentin, 1557.
  • 58) Lord Talbot, 17 July 1453.
  • 59) Charles de La Rochefoucauld, comte de Randan.
  • 64) Fernand de Nogaret, seigneur de Lavalette
  • 65) Alexandre-Évariste Fragonard (1780–1850) 4.65m by 5.43m
  • 70) André Baptiste de Brancas, seigneur de Villars, amiral de France, killed at the Siege of Doullens, in 1595. (Victor Thérasse)
  • 71) Battle of Rocroi, 19 May 1643, the duc d'Enghien ordering his troops to stop fighting the Spanish, who have come to him to surrender. Artist : François Joseph Heim (1787–1865.)vers 1834, 4.65m by 5.43m
  • 72) Fontaneto in the Milanais. 1636. (Calnouet)
  • 73) The Grand Condé at the battle of Lens, 20 August 1648, victory over the Spanish troops commanded by archduke Leopold. Circa 1835, Artist : Jean-Pierre Franque (1774–1860). 4.65m by 5.43m
  • 75) Charles-Philippe Larivière(1798–1876). Date : 1837. 4.65m by 5.43m
  • 77) battle of Orbetello, 1646
  • 79) Jacques marquis de Castelnau, maréchal de France. Killed at Dunkirk in 1653.
  • 81) Jean Bernard Duseigneur)
  • 82) Capture of Valenciennes, 17 March 1677. "Louis XIV", oil on canvas, dated "1837", the year it was commissioned by Louis-Philippe; 4.65m by 4.15m
  • 86) Nicolas de la Brousse comte de Vertillac. Maréchal des camps et armées du roi. Killed near Bossu. 1693. (Lescorné)
  • 87) Charles Paris d’Orléans, duc de Longueville. Killed during the Rhine crossing in 1672. (François Jouffroy)
  • 88) Jean-Baptiste Cassagnet marquis de Tilladet, lieutenant général des armées du roi. Killed at Steenkerque en 1692. (Debay)
  • 90) Béat Jacques de la Tour Chatillon comte de Zurlauben. Lieutenant général des armées du roi. Killed at Hochstett in 1704. (François Jouffroy)
  • 93) Jean Alaux, known as Le Romain (1786–1864). Date : 1839. 4.65m by 5.43m
  • 95) dauphin; Artist : Horace Vernet (1789–1863). Date : 1828. 5.1m by 9.58m
  • 99) Pierre Lenfant (1704–1787). Period : reign of Louis XV (1723–1774). 2.75m by 2.5m
  • 101) Orange on 26 June 1794. Date : 1837. Oil on canvas, 4.65m by 5.43m.
  • 103) Jean Gilles André Robert, général de brigade. Killed at the Battle of Arcole in 1796. (Gois fils)
  • 104) Martial Beyrand, général de brigade. Killed at Castiglione in 1796. (Corbet)
  • 107) Jean-Jacques Causse. Général de brigade. Killed at Dego. 1796. (E. Dumont)
  • 108) Pierre Banel. Général de Brigade. Killed at Cossaria. 1796. (Lorenzo Bartolini)
  • 111) Commemorative plaques
  • 113) François Paul Brueys, comte d’Aigalliers. Vice-amiral. Killed at the Battle of the Nile in 1799. (Flatters)
  • 116)
  • 117) Jean Baptiste Kléber, général en chef (1753–1800). After Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire (1798–1880) (location uncertain)

Damage

In 1978, Breton nationalists of the Breton Revolutionary Army caused major damage to the Galerie[2] in planting a bomb. Having failed to plant one in the Hall of Mirrors, they moved to the galerie des Batailles, targeting Napoleon as a symbol of French colonialism.

References

Bibliography

  • Constans, Claire (1985). "1837: L'inauguration par Louis-Philippe du musée dédié 'À Toutes les gloires de la France'". Colloque de Versailles
  • Mauguin, Georges (1937). "L’Inauguration du Musée de Versailles". Revue de l’histoire de Versailles: 112–146
  • Verlet, Pierre (1985). Le château de Versailles. Paris: Librairie Arthème Fayard.

Coordinates: 48°48′16″N 2°07′15″E / 48.80444°N 2.12083°E / 48.80444; 2.12083

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