World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article




A fedora made by Borsalino with a gutter-dent, side-dented crown, the front of the brim "snapped down" and the back "snapped up"

A fedora is a felt hat with a wide brim and indented crown.[1][2] It is typically creased lengthwise down the crown and "pinched" near the front on both sides.[3] Fedoras can also be creased with teardrop crowns, diamond crowns, center dents, and others, and the positioning of pinches can vary. The typical crown height is 4.5 inches (11 cm).

The brim is usually approximately 2.5 inches (6.4 cm) wide, but may be wider,[1] can be left "raw edged" (left as cut), finished with a sewn overwelt or underwelt, or bound with a trim-ribbon.

The term fedora was in use as early as 1891. Its popularity soared, and eventually it eclipsed the similar-looking homburg.[1]


  • History 1
  • In popular culture 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Another example of a fedora made by Borsalino, with a pinch-front teardrop-shaped crown

The word fedora comes from the title of an 1882 play by dramatist Victorien Sardou, Fédora being written for Sarah Bernhardt.[4] The play was first performed in the United States in 1889. Bernhardt played Princess Fédora, the heroine of the play. During the play, Bernhardt – a notorious cross-dresser – wore a center-creased, soft brimmed hat. The hat was fashionable for women, and the women's rights movement adopted it as a symbol.[5][2] After Prince Edward of Britain started wearing them in 1924, it became popular among men for its stylishness and its ability to protect the wearer's head from the wind and weather.[2][5] Since the early part of the 20th century, many Haredi and other Orthodox Jews have made black fedoras normative to their daily wear.[6]

In popular culture

Fedoras have become widely associated with gangsters and Prohibition, which coincided with the height of the hat's popularity in the 1920s to early 1950s.[5][2] In the second half of the 1950s, it fell out of favor in a shift towards more informal clothing styles.[2][5]

Indiana Jones re-popularized the fedora in the Indiana Jones franchise.[7]

American college football coach Bear Bryant could be seen on national television wearing his trademark plaid and houndstooth fedoras. He also appeared on the cover of Time magazine in 1980 (under a headline reading "Supercoach") wearing a fedora.[8] Coach Tom Landry also wore the hat while he was the head coach of the Dallas Cowboys. It would later become his trademark image. A cenotaph dedicated to Landry with a depiction of his fedora was placed in the official Texas State Cemetery in Austin at the family's request.[9] In addition the Cowboys wore a patch on their uniforms during the 2000 season depicting Landry's fedora.[10]

Michael Jackson frequently wore a fedora in public appearances, concerts and video clips.[11][12]

The character Neal Caffrey can be seen wearing a fedora quite frequently on the TV series White Collar.

German anatomist Gunther von Hagens always wears a fedora during public appearances, including dissections of bodies.[13]

The fedora hat of the 9th president of Turkey, Süleyman Demirel, was a famous part of his image.[14] Anecdotes surrounding his hat – until he died 90 years old – are numerous.

See also


  1. ^ a b c Kilgour, Ruth Edwards (1958). A Pageant of Hats Ancient and Modern. R. M. McBride Company.
  2. ^ a b c d e "History of Fedora Hats". History of Hats. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  3. ^ Cotton, Elizabeth (1999). Hats. Stewart, Tabori & Chang.
  4. ^ Encarta Dictionary, Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite 2004.
  5. ^ a b c d Rath, Robert (2014-03-06). "The History And Abuse of The Fedora". The Escapist. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  6. ^ Shields, Jody; Dugdale, John (1991). Hats: A Stylish History and Collector's Guide. Clarkson Potter.
  7. ^ Hellqvist, David (2013-09-04). "The Hats: Heads Up". Port Magazine. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  8. ^ B.J. Phillips (29 September 1980). "Football's Supercoach".  
  9. ^ "Thomas Wade Landry". Texas State Cemetery. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  10. ^ "ESPN DALLAS Hall of Fame - Tom Landry no longer top of mind".  
  11. ^ Campbell, Lisa D. (1994). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop's Darkest Hour. Branden Books. p. 34.  , And Leonard Cohen. Extract of page 34
  12. ^ Andersen, Christopher P. (1995). Michael Jackson: unauthorized. Pocket Books.  
  13. ^
  14. ^ His hat rode on top of his coffin during his state funeral.

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.