World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (Nakhla)

Article Id: WHEBN0031703437
Reproduction Date:

Title: Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (Nakhla)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Raid of Sa'd ibn Zaid al-Ashhali, Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (Banu Jadhimah), Raid of Amr ibn al-As, Battle of Mu'tah, Banu Salim
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (Nakhla)

The expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid [1] to Nakhla took place in January 630 AD, 8AH, in the 9th month of the Islamic Calendar.[2]

Khalid ibn al-Walid was sent to destroy the idol Goddess al-Uzza which was worshipped by polytheists; he did this successfully.[3][4]

Expedition and demolition of Temple

Statues of Pagan goddess Al-Uzza, from the Manatu temple at Petra, the Main Temple in Nakhla, dedicated to Al-Uzza was demolished by Khalid ibn al-Walid[5][6][7]

Soon after the Conquest of Mecca, Muhammad began to dispatch expeditions on errands aiming at eliminating the last symbols reminiscent of pre-Islamic practices.

He sent Khalid bin Al-Walid in Ramadan 8 A.H. to a place called Nakhlah, where there was an idol of the goddess called Al-‘Uzza worshipped by the Quraish and Kinanah tribes, and guarded by custodians from Banu Shaiban. Khalid, at the head of thirty horsemen, arrived at the spot and destroyed the idol.

Upon his return, Muhammad asked him if he had seen anything else there, to which Khalid replied, "No". He was told that the idol had not been destroyed and that he must go back and fulfill the task. Khalid went again to Nakhlah and there saw a black Abyssinian (Ethiopian) woman, naked with disheveled hair. He struck her with his sword and cut her into "two pieces", according to the Muslim scholar, Saifur Rahman al Mubarakpuri. He returned once again and narrated his story to Muhammad, who then confirmed the fulfillment of the task, saying that the black Ethiopian woman was the real "al-Uzza". [8][9][10]

Islamic Primary sources

The Muslim historian Hisham Ibn Al-Kalbi mentions the event in his book the "Book of Idols" as follows: The event is also mentioned in the Sunni Hadith collection Al-Sunan al-Sughra, which was collected by Al-Nasa'i. The Muslim scholar Ibn Kathir references the Hadith and the event in his Tafsir, as follows

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Abu Khalil, Shawqi (1 March 2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Dar-us-Salam. p. 226.  
  2. ^ List of Battles of Muhammad
  3. ^ The sealed nectar, By S.R. Al-Mubarakpuri, Pg256
  4. ^ "He sent Khalid bin Al-Waleed in Ramadan 8 A.H", Witness-Pioneer.com
  5. ^ The rights of women in Islam, By Asgharali Engineer, Pg 42
  6. ^ The sealed nectar, By S.R. Al-Mubarakpuri, Pg256
  7. ^ "He sent Khalid bin Al-Waleed in Ramadan 8 A.H", Witness-Pioneer.com
  8. ^ The life of Mahomet and history of Islam, Volume 4, By Sir William Muir, Pg 135 See bottom, Notes section
  9. ^ The sealed nectar, By S.R. Al-Mubarakpuri, Pg256
  10. ^ "He sent Khalid bin Al-Waleed in Ramadan 8 A.H", Witness-Pioneer.com
  11. ^ Muhammad and the origins of Islam, By Francis E. Peters, Pg 237
  12. ^ Ibn al Kalbi, Hisham (1952). The book of idols: being a translation from the Arabic of the Kitāb al-asnām. Princeton University Press. p. 25.  A full online version of it is available here
  13. ^ Tafsir ibn Kathir: (abridged), By Ibn Kathir, Translated by Safiur Rahman Al Mubarakpuri,Pg 320 and, see also Tafsir Ibn Kathir,53:19- Text Version

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.