World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Expedition of Abdullah Ibn Unais

Article Id: WHEBN0030893343
Reproduction Date:

Title: Expedition of Abdullah Ibn Unais  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Expedition of Al Raji, Expedition of Bir Maona, Espionage, Conquest of Fadak, Caravan raids
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Expedition of Abdullah Ibn Unais

Expedition of Abdullah ibn Unais (Sirya of Muhammad)
Date Muharam, 624CE, 3 A.H
Location Nejd
Result Abdullah ibn Unais beheads the Banu Lahyan chief, and brings his head back to Muhammad[1][2]
Muslims Banu Lahyan
Commanders and leaders
Abdullah ibn Unais Khaled bin Sufyan Al-Hathali
Unknown [1][2] Unknown
Casualties and losses
0 Chief of Banu Lahyan Killed

The Expedition of Abdullah ibn Unais, also known as the Assassination of Khaled bin Sufyan was the 1st attack against the Banu Lahyan, which took place in the month of Muharam in the year 4 A.H. it was reported that Khaled bin Sufyan Al-Hathali (also known as Hudayr, the chief of the Banu Lahyan tribe), considered an attack on Madinah and that he was inciting the people on Nakhla or Uranah to fight Muslims. So Muhammad sent Abdullah ibn Unais to assassinate him. After cutting off Sufyan bin Khalid's head at night,[3] Unais brought it back to Muhammad.[1][2][4][5]

Attack on the chief of Banu Lahyan

Abdullah ibn Unais found Hudayr in the company of his wife, when asked about his identity. Unais replied:
"I am an arab tribesman who has heard of you and the Army you are raising to fight Muhammad, so i have come to join your ranks"[2]

Sufyan bin Khalid trusted him. Then Unais asked to talk to him privately, once, while conversing, Abdullah ibn Unais walked a short distance with ibn Khalid, and when an opportunity came he struck him with his sword and killed him. After killing ibn Khalid, he cut off his head, brought that to Muhammad,[3] Muhammad gave him his staff as a reward and said:

This will function as a sign of recognition for you and me, on the day of resurrection [7]

This assassination had the effect of silencing the Banu Lahyan, for some time. But another branch of Banu Lihyan wanted to take revenge for the killing of their leader, Sufyan ibn Khalid and where thinking of means to do so.[2]

Islamic sources

Biographical literature

This event is mentioned in Ibn Hisham's biography of Muhammad. The Muslim jurist Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya also mentions the event in his biography of Muhammad, Zad al-Ma'ad.[8] Modern secondary sources which mention this, include the award winning book,[9] Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum (The Sealed Nectar) [1]

The Muslim Jurist Tabari, also mentions the event in his biography of Muhammad:

Hadith literature

The incident is also mentioned in the Sunni Hadith collection Sunan Abu Dawud:

The event is also mentioned in [7]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e Mubarakpuri, The sealed nectar: biography of the Noble Prophet , p. 349.
  2. ^ a b c d e Haykal, Husayn (1976), The Life of Muhammad, Islamic Book Trust, p. 294,  
  3. ^ a b Gabriel, Richard A. (2008), Muhammad, Islam's first great general, University of Oklahoma Press, p. 126,  
  4. ^ Za'd Al-Ma'ad p. 2/109; Ibn Hisham p. 2/619
  5. ^ Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (Arabic). Islamic Book Trust.  Note: Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic, English translation available here
  6. ^ Ibn Hisham 2/619
  7. ^ a b, says Ahmad 3:496, al-Waqidi 2:533, archive
  8. ^ Mubarakpuri, The sealed nectar: biography of the Noble Prophet , p. 349. (footnote 1)
  9. ^ Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum - The Sealed Nectar. Dar-us-Salam Publications
  10. ^ Ismāʻīl ibn ʻUmar Ibn Kathīr (2000), The life of the prophet Muḥammad: a translation of al-Sīra al-Nabawiyya, Garnet, p. 190,  
  11. ^ Abu Dawud 2:1244, (archive)


  • Mubarakpuri, Saifur Rahman Al (2005), The sealed nectar: biography of the Noble Prophet, Darussalam Publications,  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.