World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act

Article Id: WHEBN0006879252
Reproduction Date:

Title: Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sugar glider, Great Barrier Reef, Right whale, Lord Howe Island Marine Park, Towra Point Nature Reserve, Hugh Morgan (businessman), Euphrasia arguta, Grevillea infecunda, Grevillea celata, Grevillea montis-cole
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act

Template:Use Australian English

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is an Act of the Parliament of Australia that provides a framework for protection of the Australian environment, including its biodiversity and its natural and culturally significant places. Enacted on 17 July 2000, it established a range of processes to help protect and promote the recovery of threatened species and ecological communities, and preserve significant places from decline.

The EPBC Act established the use of Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Regulations, which have provided for the issuing of approvals and permits for a range of activities on Commonwealth land and land affecting the Commonwealth. For example, commercial picking of wildflowers is regulated under the EPBC Act, and cannot be undertaken without an appropriate permit. Failure to comply with the Act can result in penalties including remediation of damage, court injunctions, and criminal and civil penalties.

The Act is administered by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.

The Act identifies seven matters of national environmental significance:

Lists of threatened species are drawn up under the act, for instance Threatened fauna of Australia, and these lists are the primary reference to threatened species in Australia.


As an Act of the Commonwealth (federal) Parliament, it relies for its Constitutional validity upon the legislative powers of the Parliament granted by the Australian Constitution, which does not expressly refer to the environment. As such, key provisions of the EPBC Act are largely based on the following treaties:[2]

2007 review

A review of the Act and actions taken under the act released by the Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) in March 2007, the audit is entitled "The Conservation and Protection of National Threatened Species and Ecological Communities". The audit widely criticised the Department of the Environment and Water Resources for inaction with respect to the EPBC; key findings of the audit include:

  • that the Department has failed to keep the list of threatened species sufficiently up to date and has failed to prepare recovery plans
  • that there are still inconsistencies between the federal and state and territory lists of threatened species
  • that due to partial or incorrect information there is a risk incorrect decisions regarding conservation may be made
  • that the department has been denied funds necessary to meet their obligations under the act by the Government on four occasions.

The Hawke Report

On 31 October 2008 the Minister for the Environment, Heritage and the Arts commissioned an independent review of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act), the Australian Government's central piece of environmental legislation. Section 522A of the EPBC Act requires it to be reviewed every 10 years from its commencement.[3]

The review was undertaken by Dr Allan Hawke.The aim of the report is to review the performance of the Act and, consistent with the objective of protecting the environment and biological diversity and maintain ecological processes, to recommend reforms that:

  • promote the sustainability of Australia's economic development
  • reduce and simplify the regulatory burden
  • ensure activities under the Act represent the most efficient and *effective ways of achieving desired environmental outcomes
  • are based on an effective federal arrangement.[4]

The "Final Report" was delivered to the Minister on 30 October 2009 and publicly released on 21 December 2009.[3]

Related acts

  • Endangered Species Protection Act 1993
  • Australian Wildlife Protection Act 1998
  • Natural Heritage Trust of Australia Act 1997, which established the Natural Heritage Trust, providing funding

State acts

See also



  • ANAO Audit Report No.31 2006–07. The Conservation and Protection of National Threatened Species and Ecological Communities
  • Audit slams slow Environment Department, The Age, 29 March 2007

External links

  • EPBC Act list
  • The Act is available at
  • The Hawke Report is available at:
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.