World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Emil Fey

Article Id: WHEBN0018036626
Reproduction Date:

Title: Emil Fey  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Engelbert Dollfuss, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, Vice-Chancellor of Austria, Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian Civil War
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Emil Fey

Emil Fey
Fey about 1933
14th Vice-Chancellor of Austria
In office
21 September 1933 – 1 May 1934
Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss
Preceded by Franz Winkler
Succeeded by Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg
Federal Minister for the Interior
In office
30 July 1934 – 29 October 1935
Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg
Preceded by Robert Kerber
Succeeded by Eduard Baar-Baarenfels
Personal details
Born (1886-03-23)23 March 1886
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died 16 March 1938(1938-03-16) (aged 51)
Vienna, Nazi Germany
Political party Heimatblock
Christian Social Party
Fatherland's Front
Profession Military
Religion Roman Catholic

Emil Fey (23 March 1886 – 16 March 1938, suicide) was an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army, leader of the right-wing paramilitary Heimwehr forces and politician of the First Austrian Republic. He served as Vice-Chancellor of Austria (German: Vizekanzler) from 1933 to 1934, leading the country into the period of Austrofascism under Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss. Fey played a vital role in the violent suppression of the Republikanischer Schutzbund and the Social Democratic Workers' Party during the 1934 Austrian Civil War.


A career officer since 1908, Fey in the rank of a Major fought with the Common Army in World War I and was awarded the Military Order of Maria Theresa in 1916. After the war, he joined the Carinthian paramilitary Heimwehr forces against the Yugoslavian troops. In 1927 he founded a local Heimwehr branch in Vienna and became a member of the conservative Christian Social Party. As his political career proceeded, he increasingly rivalled with Heimwehr leader Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg; both commanders backed the rise of Chancellor Dollfuss and his successor Kurt Schuschnigg, only to be largely disempowered after the implementation of the authoritarian Federal State of Austria (Ständestaat).

On 17 October 1932 Fey joined Dollfuss' cabinet in the rank of a state secretary concerned with public security. He immediately had all conventions of the Social Democrats, the Communists and the Austrian Nazis banned. After the chancellor had suspeneded the sessions of the National Council, Fey on 15 March 1933 concentrated Heimwehr forces to occupy the Austrian Parliament Building, however, any operation was aborted by the Vienna police. During a parade in May 1933, Major Fey reportedly "knocked three Nazis unconscious with his own ochsenknüttel (square-edged bludgeon)" and promoted Austrian nationalism.[1]

Chancellor Dollfuss made him his deputy on 21 September 1933. Fey continued the persecution of Republikanischer Schutzbund members; the arrest of several Social Democratic politicians on 12 February 1934 sparked the Austrian Cicil War. Dollfuss mistrusted Fey's capabilities and on 1 May he lost his office of Vice-Chancellor to his bitter rival Starhemberg. During the July Putsch and Dollfuss' assassination he stayed in the background, later accusations of collaboration with the Nazis have never been conclusively established. He once again joined the Schuschnigg cabinet as Minister for Interior until his final disempowerment in 1935, shunt off to the Donaudampfschiffahrtsgesellschaft.

Upon the Anschluss annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany, Fey was interrogated by Gestapo agents on 15 March 1938. Harassed, he returned home, summoned his 46 year old wife Malvine and his son Herbert, and wrote an appeal for help to the former Vice-Chancellor Edmund Glaise-Horstenau. Without awaiting the answer, he shot his family and himself in the early morning of the following day.



This article includes information translated from the German-language World Heritage Encyclopedia article de:Emil Fey.
  • Isabella Ackerl und Friedrich Weissensteiner: Österreichisches Personenlexikon der Ersten und Zweiten Republik. Ueberreuter, Wien 1992, S. 108f., ISBN 3-8000-3464-6
  • Attilio Renato Bleibtreu: Unser (Emil) Fey. Ein Bild des Helden. Jung-Österreich, Wien 1934
  • Georg J. E. Mautner Markhof: Major Emil Fey. Heimwehrführer zwischen Bürgerkrieg, Dollfuß-Mord und Anschluss. Stocker, Graz u. a. 2004, ISBN 3-7020-1043-2

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.